PAD 599 - Week4Assignemt 2
PAD 599 - Week4Assignemt 2
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by tophomework Notetaker on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
Reviews for PAD 599 - Week4Assignemt 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/14/15
ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 1 Analysis of the Administration for Children & Families Week 4 Assignment 2 Joseph Brown Dr. Valerie Richardson PAD599 January 27, 2014 ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 2 The main aim of health agencies is the protection and support of children and families experiencing abuse or neglect. However, such responsibilities do not only lie entirely with the agencies, i.e. the Administration for Children and Families which is under the Department of Health and Human Services, but also a calling for the entire community. This also serves for the Administration for Children and Families. The protection and support is mainly carried out through the implementation of the organization’s policies. Better agency policies are implemented when there is linkage and greater interaction between the agency, government and hospitals. The organizational design that the agency uses is quite crucial for the decisions and implementations of the organizational policies. A rearrangement of the organizational structure can play a great role in changing the manner of operations. Reduction the levels of organization by making it more horizontal enable faster decision making and better implementation of the agencies policies. This also gives direct interaction of the organization and the communities. History of the Administration for Children & Families The Department of Health and Human Services created the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) as a principal operating division in 1991 as part to expand the role of technology and ensure children and families receive more of the support they needed. This Children’s Bureau formed the first federal agency within the United States government. It was also the first in the whole world that aimed at the improvement of children’s lives and that of families. Since the creation of this agency, there are various social issues. “These include; maternal and infant death, orphanages, child labor, child health and recreation, the economic security of families, abuse and neglect of children and foster care. These specific areas in which the bureau has acted, ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 3 it has shown exemplary leadership and attained critical resources” (Bass, 2004). To better implement their mission and goals, employees and functions of the Family Support Administration and the Office of Human Development Services were merged as part of the newly administration. In 1993, the Administration for Children and Families began working with state public assistance agencies and related federal agencies, and as well as divisions to develop informationsharing network projects in verifying the circumstances of public assistance clients. After few years of tests and experiences, informationsharing network opportunities were identified by the ACF. The ACF quickly coordinated activities to take advantage of those opportunities. One of the first federal agencies to have benefited from these new opportunities was the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). With this new initiative, the availability of VA compensation and pension payment records as well as interstate public assistance benefit information was easily accessible by employees. It is believed that between 1993 and 1997, ACF provided 29 state public assistance agencies with VA compensation and benefit information to establish client eligibility and benefits. Of these, five reported actual and projected program savings, and the other 24 indicated that the information proved useful when verifying client circumstances. With their abilities to assess, officials at the ACF predicted another potential: a growing population of neglected children. A division under the ACF named “Child Protection Agency (CPA)” was heavily invested funds. The CPA has sponsored thousands organizations within the United States towards preventing child neglect and abuse through offering effective programs for enhancing strong families and good parenthood. The agency has support disadvantaged families ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 4 and encouraged communities to reach out for one another for years. “Most of the time, this is as easy as helping a neighbor who needs a break through keeping an eye on his or her family for some hours” (Iwaniec, 2006). Most of the time, this is as easy as helping a neighbor who needs a break through keeping an eye on his or her family for some hours. Organizational Design of the Administration for Children & Families The design for the Administration for Children and Families is quite modern. The building design is of a high level accuracy to ensure the competency of the service delivery. In addition to that, the organizational design is such that the difficulties within the organization can be easily managed. The design also plays the role of connecting the different departments and maximizes the use of opportunities for children and family safety, plus high level of staff performance (Colette, 2006). The organization’s design enables the Administration for Children and Families in the prevention and promotion of policies which limit child abuse. It also helps to ensure that abusive and neglectful families receive support. The organizations design proves to be sufficient since it allows the administration to easily manage their activities. Such design allows the organization to form alliances with other agencies and hospitals, in order to ensure sufficient protection and support for children and families in abuse or neglect. The structure and design for the agency is as shown in the diagram below. The organizational design also allows the free flow of information within the agency, hence the effectiveness of their practices. With ease of organizational communication, there are better services offered for the recipients, i.e. children and families under abuse or neglect (Hildyard, 2002). Not only that but effective communication also enables efficient and quick decision making regarding the agency’s policies. ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 5 Assessment of Organizational Design of the Administration for Children & Families The current organizational design seems effective. However, it would be better placed if there could be a way that the research/studies and practice could have been linked with the evaluation and implementation of the policies which and strategies which aim at the prevention of child abuse and neglect. Most of the statistics regarding child abuse can be acquired from the governments and the hospitals. Such linkages would also provide a means of exchanging information between the government, the agency and hospitals. This would ease the access of information regarding child abuse and maltreatment. One of the issues that the agency faces is the lack of efficient communication between the organization, the hospitals and the government in order to enable them acquires information easily regarding cases of child and family abuse and neglect (Pecora, 2012). The best way of the agency improving their services to the children and families is through their empowerment. This will be achieved easily if there was a redesign of the organization. An ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 6 organizational rearrangement promises increased accessibility and the extent to which the health service support is available. The organization structure should be made more horizontal. This reduces the organizational levels; hence the communication between the director and the lower level staff is shortened for more effective communication. Fewer levels within the organizational design enables ease of the communication in the organization, hence enabling easier means of the agency’s operations. A simpler organization design is as below. Reduced organizational levels also improve the direct contact of the agency and the children, families and communities. This enables better policy implementations plus a faster and better decision making process. Include a figure of the new AC&F organizational design Evaluation of Planning and Implementation of the Administration for Children & Families The policy of the organization is aimed at supporting the disadvantaged families. The implementation of their policy devotes the agency’s efforts to help communities and states to support and promote disadvantaged families and neglected children. The implementation involves training and empowerment to disadvantaged families concerning child welfare, and ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 7 provides parental guide information to the families for guidance on how to cope with the tough living standards. Part of planning and implementation is directed towards active participation in supporting lower social class households and fighting child abuse and neglect. Children and disadvantaged families require health services from humanitarian agencies. Child abuse or neglect also appears to be highest among the disadvantaged families. This is because of the stressful life they lead. The tough life is stressful and sometimes leaves them no option but to neglect children. Disadvantaged families also piles pressure on their children to excel in school and use resources sparingly. Such families do not want their kids to go through the same life they are leading now. This is in contrary to the families in upper social class who are able to influence the outcome of their children’s education, and give them a better life. However, it is everyone’s responsibility to protect children from abuse and neglect (National Research Council, 2003). This is the reason a number of agencies appear to be louder on child abuse than other disadvantaged families. Generally, majority of people, adults wishes to help children and families from abuse and neglect. However, they are not sure how to involve themselves in the mix. Confusion or discomfort should not be allowed to interfere with your intent to help a child to stay safe, even if it involves reaching out for professional assistance. It is everyone’s responsibility both as a member of the community and as an individual to respond to suspected child abuse. It is normally confusing and difficult to think of the steps involved in reporting child abuse (Helfer & Kempe, 2006). However, understanding proper means of responding to suspected child abuse or maltreatment and being involved and informed member of the community are vital initial steps towards child protection. ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 8 Recommendations for Planning and Implementation of the Administration for Children & Families Child neglect and abuse which seem highest among the disadvantaged families should be the main focus of the policy implementations of the agency. They should be the main agency’s interest since the disadvantaged families are short of resources hence are striving to survive with the high living standards just making the situation worse. Research has proven that child abuse and neglect is most common within the families of the lower social circles as compared to those with money and of higher social circles. This is because of the fact that lower level families are facing great frustrations from the difficulty in living. The provision of health services and support should be prioritized to such families due to their situation. The greatest role of the agency is to educate many people on the proper procedures which address the abuse of children and their neglect. This is because the Administration for Children and Families agency has to consider the pressure that disadvantaged (poor) families place on their children in order to make themselves better people in the future through education (Colette, 2006). The high living standards also increase the parental pressure on children. Hence, education is the only way to curb such problems. The implementation of the agency policies is quite crucial in the fight against child abuse and neglect. The fight against the abuse of children and their neglect within our families is not entirely left for the agency. It is a responsibility of the whole community. Involvement of the community in the fight enables easy implementation and decisions of the policies which enable such fights to be a success. ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 9 The organization’s design is effective to enable the agency carry out its operations. However, there are more levels. A reduction of the organizational levels eases the communication process between the directors and the lower level staff. This enables better decisions regarding policies and their implementations. Creation of linkages between the organization, the research and practices, the government and the hospitals should be enabled to enable better communication and acquisition of data for effective policy decisions and implementation. Include a Cause and Effect Diagram in the text of the paper. Provide proof of one to two (12) interviews by submitting the completed interview forms and a list of questions you asked each interviewee. (Put this in the Appendix under Interview Forms.) Provide four to five (45) relevant and credible outside resources that support the content of this assignment. (Include no more than one (1) nongovernment Website.) ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN & FAMILIES 10 References Colette McAuley, P. P. (2006). Enhancing the Wellbeing of Children and Families through Effective Interventions: International Evidence for Practice. New York: Jessica Kinsley Publishers. Bass, S. a. (2004). Children, families and foster care: Analysis and recommendations. The Future of Children, 59. Hildyard, K. L. (2002). Child neglect: Development issues and outcomes. Child abuse and neglect, 679695. Helfer, R. E., & Kempe, C. H. (2006). Child abuse and neglect edited by Ray E. Helfer, C. Iwaniec, D. (2006). The Emotionally Abused and Neglected Child: Child Abuse Assessment and Intervention Journal, 4(2); 143156 National Research Council (U.S.). (2003). Understanding child abuse and neglect. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press. Pecora, Peter J. K. (2012). The Child Welfare Challenge: Policy, Practice, and Research. Aldine Transaction.