PAD 540 Assignment 1
PAD 540 Assignment 1
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Date Created: 11/14/15
Event Analysis PAD 540 ANH NGUYEN 1302012 Dr Udoh Udom On September 11 2001 an American Airlines Boeing 767 crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York Citv instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher oors Then 18 minutes after the first plane hit a second Boeing 767 United Airlines Flight 175 appeared out of the sky turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and sliced into the south tower near the 60th oor America was under attack The horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke At 1030 am the other Trade Center tower collapsed Almost 10000 others were treated for injuries many severe The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden39s alQaeda terrorist organization they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America39s support of Israel its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East 911 attacks As millions watched the events unfolding in New York American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington DC and slammed into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building All told 125 military personnel and civilians were killed in the Pentagon along with all 64 people aboard the airliner Meanwhile a fourth Californiabound plane United Flight 93 was hijacked about 40 minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey Because the plane had been delayed in taking off passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone and Airfone calls to the ground Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed a group of passengers and ight attendants planned an insurrection The passengers fought the four hijackers The plane then ipped over and sped toward the ground at upwards of 500 miles per hour crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at All 45 people aboard were killed Its intended target is not known but theories include the White House the US Capitol the Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland or one of several nuclear power plants along the eastern seaboard At 9 pm President George W Bush delivered a televised address from the Oval Office declaring quotWe will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor themquot 911 attacks Operation Enduring Freedom the Americanled international effort to oust the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and destroy Osama bin Laden39s terrorist network based there began on October 7 Within two months US forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power but the war continued as US and coalition forces attempted to defeat a Taliban insurgency campaign based in neighboring Pakistan Osama bin Laden the mastermind behind the September 11th attacks remained at large until May 2 2011 when he was finally tracked down and killed by US forces at a hideout in Abbottabad Pakistan In June 2011 President Barack Obama announced the beginning of largescale troop withdrawals from Afghanistan with a final withdrawal of US forces tentatively scheduled for 2014 911 attacks The political actors and nonstate actors were attributed to cause this catastrophe On Aug 6 2001 President George W Bush received a classified review of the threats posed by Osama bin Laden and his terrorist network Al Qaeda Administration officials dismissed the document s significance saying that despite the jawdropping headline it was only an assessment of Al Qaeda s history not a warning of the impending attack The direct warnings to Mr Bush about the possibility of a Qaeda attack began in the spring of 2001 By May 1 the Central Intelligence Agency told the White House of a report that a group presently in the United States was planning a terrorist operation According to this theory Bin Laden was supposedly believed that he pretended to be planning an attack to distract the administration from Saddam Hussein whom the neoconservatives saw as a greater threat On July 24 Mr Bush was notified that the attack was still being readied but the president did not feel the briefings on potential attacks were sufficient Other signs were revealed but the dots were not connected and Washington did not react Kurt Eichenwald 2012 The CIA also played an important role in this disaster Michael Springman former State Department official and head of the US Visa Bureau in J eddah Saudi Arabia from 1987 to 1989 went public with his experiences What I was protesting was in reality an effort to bring recruits rounded up by Osama Bin Laden to the US for terrorist training by the CIA They would then be returned to Afghanistan to fight against the thenSoviets As he explained the same program in which he was ordered to allow terrorists to enter the United States in the late 1980s had continued and 15 of the 19 suspected 911 hijackers were issued visas through this network It further turned out that many terrorist was admitted to the United States under a special visa program controlled by the CIA s clandestine service and they supposedly might have been worked for the CIA Gavin Marshall 2010 Throughout the entire time of overt and covert assistance by Pakistan s 181 to both the Taliban and alQaeda in Afghanistan the CIA had maintained its close ties with the 181 that they had developed during the SovietAfghan war in the 1980s Is it inconceivable that since the CIA maintained its extensive contacts with the ISI and the ISI maintained and expanded its contacts with the Taliban and alQaeda that the CIA was not in fact sponsoring both the Taliban and AlQaeda through the 181 as well We know that the CIA was supporting the Taliban through the same network of the 181 that was supporting alQaeda operatives thus it would take a stretch of the imagination to think that the CIA would be unaware of its subsequent support for alQaeda Whether direct or indirect the CIA was supporting alQaeda through Pakistan 181 Gavin Marshall 2010 Bin Laden whose relationship with the CIA in the past had been well documented reportedly acted as a key player or culprit of 911 events In the United States the Bin Laden family had diplomatic passports so following the 911 attack they could not be questioned but instead were own out of the country The Bin Ladens were also in business with the Bush family through the investment company the Carlyle Group No one ever seemed to question why the bin Laden family had diplomatic passports a strange occurrence it would seem for a Saudi business family who weren t engaged in any official or formal diplomacy Gavin Marshall 2010 The fundamental factors shaping foreign policy decisions and international relations are highlighted in the terrorist threat and states response to it Globalization is a basic reality shaping the nature of international relations at all levels It should be viewed broadly beyond merely economic exchange The essential drivers behind this wave of globalization are economic demographic and technological Disparities will increase between citizens living in the wealthiest countries that are the most integrated into the international system and those living in the poorest least integrated ones Tensions between the two groups of people are inevitable but how these tensions play out is not In fact international terrorism exemplifies the dark side of globalization as alQaida and its cousin terrorist networks twist the benefits and conveniences of our increasingly open integrated globalized world to serve their destructive agenda The alQaida threat does not reside in any one state Instead Osama bin Laden was a man without a country his alQaida network is a multinational enterprise with franchises in 50 or more countries N Haass 2007 The revolution in information and communications technologies has helped integrate the world and its economies as never before However this trend allows new actors to in ict unprecedented disruption and destruction At a time of anthrax attacks and terrorist threats to use nuclear biological chemical and radiological weapons the specter of weapons of mass destruction has perhaps never been more ominous N Haass 2007 In addition to globalization the spread of democratic institutions in turn has promoted fundamental democratic values such as freedom of the press and expression the rule of law and equality before the law respect for private property rights and a dynamic civil society Experience proves that individual liberty free markets good governance and international peace are interconnected and mutually reinforcing Furthermore the very presence of democratic institutions and values can be seen as a threat by some established social and political orders Democracy will continue to be opposed and besieged by those that it threatens We saw this clearly in the intolerant oppressive rule of the Taliban in Afghanistan and its alliance of aggression with the al Qaida network N Haass 2007 The relations with major powers around the world will be critical to the future success just as they have been in the past In the aftermath of the September 11th attacks the US have reaped the rewards of the investments made in our major alliances over the past 50 years It is easily seen that the cooperation forged in the war against terrorism highlights how America future relations with the three major powers China Russia and India do not need to be shackled by the memories of past animosities or prickly relations Indeed it is not too much to say that Americans have never had better relations with all three countries at the same time September 11th was a horrendous incident The killing of innocents is deplorable and appalling in any part of the world As extensive as the damage to property and loss of life was it does not compare with the damage done by cultural liberals and by liberal intemationalists who seek to extend the hegemony of secular and liberal imperialism over the nations of the world In many places around the world secular liberalism has failed and the people living in such societies now face an unprecedented assault on their civil liberties and property rights while in other nations people face the ill effects of liberal interventionism in political and cultural affairs The fact is that had America not been a hegemon and merely been a small decadent state it would be ignored by the rest of the world including the Islamic world The fact is that had America not been a hegemony and merely been a small decadent state it would be ignored by the rest of the world including the Islamic world It is likely to see American borders being opened to millions of illegal immigrants begin unjustified wars promoted racial con icts for their own gain and have undoubtedly done irreversible harm to American society at home by promulgating the welfare state William van Nostrand 2011 References 911 Attack nd In Historycom Retrieved January 28 2013 from httpWWWhistorvcomtopics91 1attacks William van Nostrand 2011 September 11 Ten Years Later The Role of Liberalism in 1 1 Riding the Tiger Retrieved January 28 2013 from htt WWWridin theti eror 20110911ten earslatertheroleof liberalismin 11 Andrew Gavin Marshall 2010 September 10 911 ANALYSIS 911 and America s Secret Terror Campaign Global Research Retrieved January 28 2013 from htt WWW lobalresearchca91 1anal sis91 1andamerica ssecretterror campaign20975 KURT EICHENWALD 2012 September 10 The Deafness Before the Storm New York Times Retrieved January 28 2013 from httpWWWnvtimescom2012091 1orinionthebushWhitehousewasdeaf to9 11Warningshtml r0 Richard N Haass nd Supporting US Foreign Policy in the Post911 World Central Intelligence Agency Retrieved January 28 2013 from httpsWWWciagovlibrarvcenterforthestudvof intelligencecsi Dublicationscsistudiesstudiesvol46no3article01html
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