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Flashcards / ch. 29 new connections and challenges in southern asia

ch. 29 new connections and challenges in southern asia

ch. 29 new connections and challenges in southern asia

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School: Southern California University of Health Sciences
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Name: ch. 29 new connections and challenges in southern asia
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Cohong

a group of Chinese firms authorized by the imperial government to conduct commerce with foreigners.

opium

An addictive narcotic drug made from a certain kind of poppy.

coolie trade

The hiring or kidnapping of poor Chinese workers to serve as cheap labor in places such as Cuba, Peru, or California

Taiping Rebellion

A vast uprising in China between 1850 and 1864, fueled by anti-Manchu hostility and Western religious ideas.

sepoys

Indian soldiers trained and commanded by the British

sati

a practice in India whereby a widow cremated herself on her dead husbands funeral pyre

thagi

The work of professional bandits or "thugs" who attacked and strangled travelers in India as part of a religious ritual.

zaibatsu

Large Japanese conglomerates that each owned a diverse array of industries, businesses, banks, and resources.

protectorate

A country controlled by an outside power claiming to provide security.

Triple Intervention

The combination of Russia, France, and Germany that pressured Japan to renounce the Liaodong peninsula in Manchura in 1895.

Trans-Siberian Railway

a 5,800 mile railroad stretching across Russia from east to west

scramble for concessions

the period from 1896-1899 during which European nations pressed China for special privileges, called concessions, that would allow them to exploit key regions of China.

Open Door policy

Proclaimed by the US in 1899, calling for free and equal trade with China and for the preservation of China's territorial integrity.

Lin Zexu

sent to Guangzhou (Canton) to halt the opium trade. Used drastic measures, seizing and destroying more than twenty thousand chests of British opium.

Hong Xiuquan

Led the vast uprising called the Taiping Rebellion. Anti-Manchu hostility and Western religious ideas. Went into a coma, and awoke thinking he was the brother of Jesus Christ, and began "Society of God Worshippers", banning alcohol, opium, foot binding, adultery, and gambling.

Zeng Guofan

put in motion a series of "self strengthening" movements

Li Hongzhang

protege of Zeng.

Cixi

former emperor Xianfeng's concubines & bore him a son. After Xianfeng's death she used her status as the childs mother to become China's regent and effective ruler. Known as Empress Dowager

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

moderate educator and political leader, called for the greater Indian autonomy within the British Empire

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

a noted mathematician and radical nationalist whom the British at one point deported for sedition - pressed for full independence.

Matthew Perry

Commodore of the American steam ship that first landed in Japan with a letter calling for open trade relations.

Yoshida Shoin

a passionate young Japanese patriot who tried to hide on one of Perry's ships to study Americans first hand - declared that the samurai's loyalty should be to the emperor not to the shogun. Beheaded for this.

Meiji Emperor

given the title Meiji meaning "enlightened rule" pursued selective adaptation to Western culture

Saigo Takamori

led the samurai revolt against Meiji emperor in order for the samurais to keep their swords. Committed seppuku, the samurai suicide ritual and became a romantic symbol for the bygone era.

Emperor Gia Long

founded the Nguyen dynasty - sought French assistance to help his forces in the Tay-Son Rebellion in Vietnam, allowed French catholic missionaries into the country

Emporor Tu Duc

angered by a French priest's alleged involvement in a plot to overthrow him, he executed thousands of Vietnamese Catholics and several dozen Catholic priests.