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HY 104 Midterm Exam II Study Guide with Essays

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by: Jess Snider

HY 104 Midterm Exam II Study Guide with Essays Hy 104

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Art > Hy 104 > HY 104 Midterm Exam II Study Guide with Essays
Jess Snider

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Midterm Exam II study guide with an outline for each essay topic
American history after 1865
Kari frederickson
Study Guide
HY104, Study Guide, Exam II, history
50 ?




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1 review
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"Really in-depth. Sometimes I see material I didn't catch in class. "
Paula Ramirez

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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jess Snider on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hy 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 454 views. For similar materials see American history after 1865 in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Really in-depth. Sometimes I see material I didn't catch in class.

-Paula Ramirez


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Date Created: 03/30/16
Midterm Exam II Study Guide  Part I: Identification  Neutrality Acts: policies passed by congress in hope that the United States would  avoid conflicts over freedom if the seas; banned travel on belligerents’ ships and the  sale of arms to countries at war  Lusitania: The Lusitania was a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U­ Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The unrestricted submarine warfare  caused the U.S. to enter World War I against the Germans  Palmer Raids: A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in  which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters  of radical organization in 32 cities  Agricultural Adjustment Act: Protected farmers from price drops by providing crop subsidies to reduce production, educational programs to teach methods of preventing  soil erosion  Civilian Conservation Act: Sent young men to work camps to preform reforestation  and conservation tasks. Removed surplus of workers from cities, provided healthy  conditions for boys, provided money for families  National Origin Act: It restricted immigration from any one nation to two percent of  the number of people already in the U.S. (set up ratios) of that national origin in 1890, which severely restricted immigration  Zimmerman Telegram: Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to  convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to  mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile  Sacco­Vanzetti Case: prejudiced jury sentenced them to death, caused riots around  the world, new trial denied  Bonus Expeditionary Force: veterans who converged on the capital, demanding the  immediate payment of their entire bonus that was promised to them after the war for  later years  Andrew Mellon: "Wealthy industrialist and conservative secretary of the treasury in  the 1920s." Secretary of the Treasury under Harding.  American Protective League:  private organization that worked with federal law  enforcement agencies in support of the anti­German Empire movement, as well as  against radical anarchists, anti­war activists, and left­wing labor and political  organizations  Revenue Act of 1926: Act which gave tax breaks to the wealthy in an attempt to  encourage the "trickle­down effect."  Income/Productivity Gap: income difference between rich and poor  Social Security Act: created a federal insurance program based on the automatic  collection of taxes from employees and employers throughout people's working  careers  Huey P. Long: The Louisiana senator whose "Share Our Wealth" programs and  promises of $5,000 to all poor families ended with his assassination in 1935  Wagner Act: guaranteed the right of unions to organize and to collectively bargain  with management.  Herbert Hoover: Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929  promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the  Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.  U­Boat: German submarines, named for the German Unterseeboot, or "undersea  boat," proved deadly for Allied ships in the war zone. U­boat attacks played an  important role in drawing the United States into the war.  Espionage and Sedition Act: imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone  found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging  disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials  that incited treason or insurrection.  Warren G. Harding: 29  president, Republican from Ohio. promised return to  normality after WW1 used efforts of make no enemies during his presidency.  scandals affected his presidency such as the Ohio Gang that had to do with financial  jobs that he offered his friends.   Committee on Public Information: Headed by George Creel, purpose was to  mobilize people’s minds for war, both in America and abroad.  Tried to get entire  U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI  Part II: Essay Questions  Essay 1 I. The Great Depression was a life altering event, that left many unscathed from  its devastation. Americans had to change the wat they lived and their lives as  they knew them were drastically changed. Herbert Hoover and Franklin  Roosevelt were left with an incredible challenge and both tried in different  ways to fix the problems caused by the Great Depression.  Both presidents had successes and failures during their presidencies but they both made an impact  on dealing with the Great Depression.   Impact on American Life o Demoralization of the family unit o Lack of trust in government o No food in Detroit, 4,000 children stood in bread lines each  day seeking food o Many Americans reacted to the depression with resignation or  blamed themselves for economic misfortune   President Hoover’s solution o Seemed inadequate and uncaring not publically sympathetic  o Main goal was to restore confidence in the economy and the  banking system o Authorized loans to farmers and businessmen to prevent them  from going bankrupt o Advocated “rugged individualism” man must fend for himself o Government assistance to the poor should be temporary and be  provided by local and state gov. o Slowed the Emergency Relief and Reconstruction Act  President Roosevelt’s solution o The New Deal  Social welfare become a gov. priority  Focused on relief (provided jobs and food aid),  recovery (preserved the major industry and economic  sectors), and reform (change the laws and regulate the  economy)  Success or Failure o Both used the federal gov. more o Hoover’s approach wasn’t nearly aggressive as Roosevelt’s o Roosevelt was more successful due to his aggressiveness and  all the aspects he covered in his plan  Essay 2 I. Four years after the Great Depression turned America upside down and  altered Americans life, the Election of 1932 came along became a critical  election. After the devastation of the Great Depression had fully set in, the  election of 1932 became a huge turning point in American history. America  presidents had always been a Republican but the 1932 election brought in a  Democrat and many changes.   Turning Point o Ended Republican dominance  FDR o The campaign unfolded during the darkest days of the great  depression Hoover was seen as the bad guy o Tried to project a public image of health and vigor o Attacked Hoover over the nations deficits o Won by a landslide  Hoover o Was blamed for the Stock Market crash o Didn’t have a solution while FDR promised one o Seemed unsympathetic of the people  Essay 3 I. The United States had strong democratic values before they entered WWI, but as they joined the war effort the stress caused things to change drastically.  America joining the war caused the unleashing of harmful anti­democratic  forces during the war and even after the war ended. This wave of anti­ democratic views threatened civil liberties at home during the war.  Essay 4 I. After WWI, America wanted to avoid another world war at all costs which  helped to shape the foreign policy at the time. During the 1930s America  foreign policy was based on Isolationism which seemed like a good idea but  in the end it left America unprepared for the war that was happening overseas. Isolationism was the complete opposite of president Woodrow Wilson’s  approach during the war period of 1914­1917.   a) Statement Agreement o The statement is accurate because the new foreign policy did  leave America unprepared for WWII. America shut themselves off from the rest of the world during the period of Isolationism. b) Woodrow Wilson’s Approach o Wilson wanted the U.S. to exemplify democratic peace o American farms and factories fed and armed both sides in  Europe o Felt it was America’s duty to protect democracy and freedom  in other countries c) 1930s Foreign Policy o Isolationism  Nations’ best interest was best served by keeping the  affairs of other countries at a distance o Restricted trading laws d) Foreign Policy Reaction to WWI o Americans did not want to into WWI so they were avoiding  having to join another war  Essay 5 I. The Progressive and New Deal Eras each produced a record amount of  programs and policies that worked to change the status of Americans living in  poverty, which included their working environments, however while the  policies of each were similar in some ways such as fair labor practices, they  also varied in their focus with Progressives working towards the protection of  women and children in poverty, and New Dealers working towards pulling  families out of poverty by providing men with jobs. a) Progressive Era Issues o Urban living conditions o Horrendous working conditions b) Progressive Era Reforms o Living Conditions  Settlement houses like Janes Addams and Hull House  Urban Refuges: used to improve the lives of industrial  workers, Coney Island and Central Park o Working Conditions  Keating­Owen Act 1916: child labor act that prohibited  the sale of interstate commerce of goods produced by  children under fourteen  Workmen’s compensation Act  National Consumers League: opposed harsh,  unregulated working conditions of industrial positions c) New Deal Era Issues o Unemployment and poverty due to the Great Depression  d) New Deal Era Reforms o Living Conditions  HOLC: pays off mortgages of nonfarm homes  FERA: $3 billion given to the states for direct dole  programs  AAA: gave millions to pay farmer’s mortgages o Working Conditions  PWA: money for parkways, buildings, highways and  etc.  CWA: provided temporary jobs during hard seasons  WPA: gave jobs to high school and college students as  actors, writers, and musicians  Wagner Act: create National Labor Relations Board  which allows the right to organized labor, forms unions  NRA: reduced hours a person could work, provided  everybody fair levels of minimum wage  CCC: provided employment to young men by giving  them jobs in government camps where they would have to send a % of their paycheck back home each month e) Comparison o National Consumers League vs. NRA vs. Labor Unions  Label products identifying league  NRA compliance in effort to promote consumer  knowledge and fair labor conditions o CCC vs. Settlement Houses  Both educated poor/immigrants provided job education o Progressives vs. New Deal and the poor  Progressives focused on exploitation of women and  children  New deal focused on providing job opportunities  almost solely to men 


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