David S. Psycology paper
David S. Psycology paper
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Date Created: 11/15/15
David S. Jones Psychology 1010 11 November 2013 PTSD: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a psychiatric disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents and serious accidents, of physical or sexual assault in adult or childhood. (Nebraska Veterans Affairs, 2007) Typically the symptoms of PTSD include nightmares, flashbacks, difficulty sleeping, a feeling of detachment, and becoming estranged from others. Post –Trauma symptoms typically start within three months of an event. Post Traumatic Stress disorder can cause not only mental but many physical side effects. Among these effects are stress induced heart attacks, memory and cognition problems, drug abuse, depression and others that are not yet proven. The longer a person with PTSD waits to be treaded the worse the problems become. Some of the ways to treat PTSD include psychotherapy, medication for side disorders such as depression, Trauma focused cognitive –behavioral therapy, and family therapy. The best treatment for Post traumatic stress disorder is EMDR or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing. This is a set of standardized protocols that incorporates elements from many different treatment approaches. (EMDR International, 2013) EMDR treatment helps the victim to trust others more and not feel so much like an outsider. Positive ways to cope with PTSD are learning about the trauma and about PTSD. Learning about the cause and the actual disease can help to find ways of coping and curing the individual. One way of learning is joining a PTSD support group. Some of the groups that are government sponsored by the Veterans Affairs, as well as local groups often geared toward military veterans, even hotlines like “Help for Veterans: 18884057372. Practicing relaxation techniques, pursuing outdoor activities, spending time with positive people, sticking with people you trust, avoid drugs and alcohol and enjoying the peace of nature are other ways recommended for coping with PTSD. PTSD cannot be handled alone. Help from loved ones with their PTSD is also very difficult. Some of the ways that family members and friends can help are being patient and understanding. This is not going to quickly go away so patiently working with the afflicted individual. Be ready and aware of any trigger reactions. Until the cause is completely sorted through, anything can be considered a trigger. Do not pressure the victim to talk, let them open when they are ready to do so. Most importantly reach out to others for support. No man is an island and others that help can also help you to help the victim. Works Cited EMDR International. (2013). EMDR International. Retrieved November 11, 2013, from EMDRIA: http://www.emdria.org/ Nebraska Veterans Affairs. (2007). Post Tramatic stres disorder. Retrieved 11 11, 2013, from What is PTSD: http://www.ptsd.ne.gov/what-is-ptsd.html
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