CJA44_WK2_Group Behavior and Processes
CJA44_WK2_Group Behavior and Processes
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Date Created: 11/15/15
Running head: GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSES 1 Group Behavior and Processes Brittnie K. Livingston CJA/394 November 13, 2014 Joann Natividad University of Phoenix GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSESS 2 Group Behavior and Processes The criminal justice system has organizational guidelines, like many other organizations. Though, police guidelines are different, due to having to follow the laws of the United States. "Policies, procedures, rules, and regulations are important for defining role expectations for all police officers" (Peak, 2012, Chapter 3). Looking at the big picture, there must be rules for all individuals to follow, this helps keep the peace and ensures justice is served to others who cause harm to themselves or others. The way police function and work are somewhat different from county to county, but there is one thing that is similar for all officers. When problemsolving or collaborative problemsolving, officers will follow a process known as S.A.R.A. The scanning, analysis, response, and assessment process or S.A.R.A helps police officials with a logical stepbystep process to help solve problems. The first step is scanning; this is when an officer initiates the problemsolving process. When scanning the officer is doing a preliminary check to determine if there is a problem that exists and if he or she needs to investigate further. Some of the most common problems that officers have to address are drugs, prostitution, and vandalism; in a few cases there could be more than one problem. Police officials have many resources available to help officers identify problems. Many counties have graffiti cameras that help catch or identify individuals who vandalize the sides of buildings. One of the more resourceful actions is the calls for service data, especially the cases that have repetitive calls. These calls can give officers the exact location of problem, the time, the offender or offender's description, and what the problem is; whether it is drugs, prostitution taking place in front of an apartment building, or young children vandalizing the comer stores GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSESS 3 wall. Scanning helps the officer to figure out if an issue truly exists before proceeding onward to all the more inside and out examination. The next step is the analysis, and this is the roots of the problemsolving process. Analysis is the most complicated and by far the most important step in the S.A.R.A process. Without this step, it is less likely to get longterm solutions, and the problems will continue. Here, officers accumulate however many data as could be expected from an assortment of sources. A complete and intensive investigation comprises of distinguishing the earnestness of the issue, all persons influenced, and the fundamental reasons. Officers ought to additionally evaluate the viability of current reactions. "Mapping and geographic information systems (GIS) can identify patterns of crime and "hot spots." Police offense reports can also be analyzed for suspect characteristics, victim characteristics, and information about highcrime areas and addresses. Computeraided dispatch (CAD) is also a reliable source of information, as it collects data on all incidents and specific locations from which an unusual number of incidents require a police response" (Peak, 2012, Chapter 3). The response is pertaining to ways officers seek to be the most effective ways to respond. Creating long haul answers for issues is of foremost essentialness in COPPS; notwithstanding, officers can't disregard the way that more genuine circumstances may oblige quick activity. For instance, on account of an outdoors medication business sector including adversary pack viciousness, police might at first build the quantity of watches in the territory to capture wrongdoers, increase control of open space, and secure the security of occupants and officers. When there is an expert, long haul reactions, which incorporate the communitarian exertions of officers, inhabitants, and different organizations, may be considered. For example in the state of GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSESS 4 Hawaii, there is an H.O.P.E program that was created to help put a stop to drug offenders. This program is a long term for drug offenders, with consequences. The hope program helps offenders to with rehabs to break addictions, as well as random weekly drug testing to ensure deterrence for any temptation of drug users. Officers and other law officials have many options to use when responding to problems; in any case they ought not to hope to dispense with each issue they tackle. With some social issues, for example, gangs, homelessness, and drug addicts, end is unrealistic and unlikely. The last phase of the S.A.R.A. methodology is assessment. Here, officers assess the viability of their activities and may utilize the results to modify their reactions, gather more information, or even rethink the issue. Living in Hawaii, I would reassess the problem pertaining to drug dealers and addicts. I feel that the punishment should be harsher or that all drug offenders should be placed in the H.O.P.E program. The H.O.P.E program will lessen the amount of repeat drug offenders. Law officials have many laws and procedures to follow. Of course, not every law will be mesmerized, but with the help of the S.A.R.A process officers have a stepbystep process to help with identifying and solving problems. With this foundation, it helps officers remember a simple process to ensure that a step is not missed when dealing with problems. GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSESS 5 References Adapted from Mark H. Moore and Francis X. Hartmann, 1999, “On the Theory and Practice of `Executive Sessions”,http://www.hks.harvard.edu/var/ezp_site/storage/fckeditor/fil e/pdfs/centers-programs/programs/criminal- justice/exec_sessions_theory.pdf (accessed September 27, 2010). Institute of Justice, “Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety: Members,”http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/topics/law- enforcement/administration/executive-sessions/members.htm (accesse d September 27, 2010). McGinnis, S. K. (n.d.). Organizational behavior and management thinking. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Peak, K. J. (2012). Justice Administration. Police, Courts, and Corrections Management (7th ed.). Retrieved from https://newclassroom3.phoenix.edu/Classroom/ToolContainer.jsp? context=co&contextId=OSIRIS:42494066&activityId=c2faf8e6-e730- 4ff7-8053-72a0d0a35219&unitIds=67aec33d-46c3-4620-8806- 69d3c50bee62&syllabusId=OSIRIS:42494066&version=. GROUP BEHAVIOR AND PROCESSESS 6 The Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University,http://www.hks.harvard.edu/programs/criminaljustice/resear ch-publications (accessed September 27, 2010). The Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, “Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety (2008- 2010),” http://www.hks.harvard.edu/programs/criminaljustice/research- publications/executive-sessions/executive-session-on-policing-and- public-safety-2008-2010
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