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TEST 3 STUDY GUIDE 101/41603

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theo 101 Test #3 Study Guide!!
HONORS Christian Theo Trad
Study Guide
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Notetaker on Sunday November 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 101/41603 at University of St. Thomas taught by MacMillan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see HONORS Christian Theo Trad in Religious Studies at University of St. Thomas.


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Date Created: 11/15/15
1     PATRIARCHATES/PATRIARCHAL  SEES(=CITIES)   LIST  THE  5  PATRIARCHAL  CITIES:   PLACES   Carthage:   Hippo:   Milan:   The  Age  of  Persecution     1.   The  post-­‐‑apostolic  period  saw  intermittent  local  persecutions  throughout  the   Empire  with  two  Empire  wide  persecutions.  With  respect  to  the   persecutions,  Tertullian  wrote  “The  blood  of  the  martyrs  is  the  seed  of  the   Church.”  Explain  what  he  meant  using  the  story  of  PErpetua  in  your  answer.   2.    Using  Perpetua’s  story  as  an  example,  explain  the  impact  upon  a  family  of   having  a  family  member  convert  to  Christianity.     3.   Take  the  position  of  P’s  son  (as  a  teen),  husband,  mother  and  write  a  one   paragraph  “letter”  to  her  telling  her  how  you  feel  about  her  decision  to   become  a  Christian.       The  Age  of  “Heresies,”  “Heretics”  and  “Defenders  of  the  Faith.”     1.   Even today people grapple with questions regarding Jesus’ humanity and divinity. Referring to the “heresies” and “heretics” that abounded prior to 451, identify the issues and explain how different heretics struggled to answer these questions.   2.   Anselm  of  Canterbury  puzzles  about  why  God  became  human  in  the  second   Christian  millennium.  What  conclusion  does  he  reach?       Chapter  9:  The  Age  of  the  Imperial  Church     1.  The  filioque  has  divided    Orthodox  and  Roman  Catholics  for  over  1000  years.   What  is  the  filioque  and  why  is  it  such  a  divisive  issue?     2.  In  what  ways  did  Constantine  affect  the  development  of  the  Christian  tradition  for   good  and  for  “ill”  ?     2     3.  What  were  the  positive  and  negative  aspects  of  Christian  devotion  to  the  Roman   Empire  after  313?     4.  What  was  the  status  of  the  Bishop/Patriarch  of  Rome  with  respect  to  the   Universal  Church  i.e.  the  other  Patriarchs  during  the  4  and  5  centuries?   5.  Some  scholars  maintain  that  one  of  the  worst  things  that  happened  to  Christianity   was  when  it  became  the  religion  of  the  Empire.  Explain.     Chapter  10:    Augustine  of  Hippo   Book  1   1. To whom is the Confessions addressed? That is, to whom does the author appear to be speaking? What kind of literary work is it (e.g. novel, poem, prayer, speech)? 2. In the Confessions iii (3), Augustine struggles with the claim that God is everywhere and in everything. What is his problem? What solution, does he come to, if any? 3. In Confessions iv (4), Augustine writes in antitheses (pairs of opposites) about God. How would Augustine answer these questions about God: Does God exist? Is God personal or impersonal? Is God good or evil? How much does God know? What does God do? How does God interrelate with humans? 4. In Confessions vii (11), Augustine begins to talk of the "sin" of his infancy (p. 8). What was this sin? Why do people "smilingly tolerate" it? Do you agree with Augustine that humans are influenced by sin from the very beginning of their lives? 6. In Confessions xi (17-18), Augustine tells the story of an illness that almost led to his being baptized in childhood. 'Why did his family want to baptize him when he was sick? Why did they put off his baptism again when he got well? 7. Augustine ends Book I with a thanksgiving [xx(31), p. 22-23]. What does he thank God for? What sin does he acknowledge? Book  II     1. In Book II of the Confessions, section i (1), Augustine gives the reason for recalling the "wicked ways" of his adolescence. What is it? 2. In Confessions ii (2), what does Augustine say was the basic problem or sin of his adolescence? Why is this a problem? 3     3. From Confessions ii (3), give some concrete examples of what Augustine means when he says that someone should have imposed restraint on his disorder in order that "the fleeting experiences of beauty in these lowest of things" might have been transformed. 4. In Confessions iii (6), how did Augustine's father see that his son was becoming sexually mature? What did he think and do in response? What did Augustine think was wrong with his father's reaction? 5. In Confessions iv (9)-vi (12), Augustine reflects on a theft he committed. What did he steal? What was the role of peer pressure in this act of theft? What was there about the incident that especially upset Augustine as he thinks back on it? 6. What does Augustine mean when he says that the "soul fornicates" (vi[14])? In this context what does he mean when he says "friendship can be a dangerous enemy" (ix[17])? CTT   1. Explain how the rise of monasticism affected the way that Augustine understood marriage in his Confessions. 2. Explain the three “conversions” Augustine underwent on his “journey” to Christianity. 3.    Take  the  position  of  Augustine’s  son  or  the  mother  of  his  son  or  his  father  or  one   of  the  many  women  he  slept  with  and  write  a  1  paragraph  letter  to  Augustine  telling   him  how  you  feel  about  his  decision  to  join  a  monastery.   Chapter  13:  Christianity  in  the  Early  Medieval  Period     1.  Who  was  Gregory  I?  What  were  his  major  accomplishments  i.e.  “What’s  so  great   about  Gregory  the  Great?”     2.  Who  was  Gregory  VII?       Christianity  in  the  High  Middle  Ages:  Chapter  14     4     1.   Describe  the  relationship  between  Christians  and  Jews  during  the  High   Middle  Ages.  What  were  the  conditions  that  brought  about  discrimination   against  the  Jews  and  persecution  in  this  period?   2.   What  various  motives  inspired  the  military  campaigns  called  the  crusades?   Who  started  the  movement?  Against  whom  were  they  directed?   3.   How  did  the  new  mendicant  religious  orders  of  the  High  Middle  Ages  differ   from  the  monastic  orders.     Eastern  and  Western  Expressions  of  Christianity   1.   Until  1054  Christianity  exemplified  “diversity  in  Unity”  having  a  multitude  of   expressions  of  the  faith  in  Eastern  and  Western  form.    However,  the  East  and   West  grew  apart.  How  and  why  did  this  occur?    What  precipitated  “The  Great   Schism”  in  1054?     2.    In  787  at  the  Council  of  Nicea  II,  in  the  face  of  the  expansion  of  Islam,  the   Church  grappled  with  whether  to  adorn  its  churches  with  artistic   representations  of  the  faith  or  not  and  decided  that  it  must.  A  classic  example   of  this  are  the  “Icons”  that  adorn  Eastern  Churches.  Explain  what  an  icon  is   and  its  importance  in  Eastern  Christianity.     3.   What  are  the  important  elements  to  remember  when  praying  with  icons?   What  would  be  an  example  of  a  Western  “icon”?       Vocabulary:     1.   Theotokos   a.   Father,  Son  ,  Holy  Spirit   2.   Gnosticism   b.   Spread  of  Greek  Culture   3.   Manicheism   c.   Makes  Christianity  legal  in  the   empire   4.   Bishop   d.   People  who  hold  the  belief  that   Jesus  is  less  than  God   5.   Chalcedon   e.   Part  of  the  trinity   6.   Filioque   f.   Accepts  Jesus  had  2  natures-­‐‑  son   of  Mary  and  son  of  God   5     7.   Nestorians   g.   “enfleshment”;  doctrine  that   asserts  God  became  human   8.   Hellenization   h.   Tribe  in  North  Africa  that   Augustine  came  from   9.   Creed   i.   “knowledge”;  belief  that  there   was  2  gods-­‐‑  heaven  and  earth   10.  Holy  Spirit   j.   “god  bearer”   11.  Jerusalem  Council   k.   Dualistic  religion  around  God   Mani-­‐‑  dualism  of  evil  matter  and   good  spirit   12.  Nicene  Council   l.   “the  son”:  western  Christians   later  added  to  the  Creed   13.  Edict  of  Toleration   m.  “to  seem”;  Jesus  Christ  did  not   really  become  human;  could  not   suffer  or  die   14.  Diaspora   n.   A  short  summary  of  beliefs  and  a   teaching  instrument   15.  Berbers   o.   Means  “overseer”;  first  overseer   of  local  churches;  later,  overseer   of  dioceses   16.  Docetism   p.   Christianity  is  tolerated   17.  Manicheism   q.   Group  of  Christians  who  split-­‐‑   said  clergy  needed  to  be  free  from   any  sin  to  administer  sacrament   18.  Incarnation   r.   Dispersion  of  Jewish  people   outside  Jewish  homeland  in   Palenstine   19.  Ariansim   s.   Meeting  to  determine  whether   Gentiles/converts  needed  to   follow  Jewish  law     20.  Satisfaction  Theory  of  Atonement   t.   Question  of  Jesus’  human  and   divine  nature;  said  Jesus   completely  human  and  divine   6     21.  Canon  of  Scripture   u.   Defends  the  full  divinity  of  Jesus   and  condemns  Arius   22.  Donatism   v.   Four  distinguishing   characteristics  of  the  church:  one,   holy,  catholic  and  apostolic   23.  Marks  of  the  Church   w.   The  books  that  are  considered  the   authoritative  Word  of  God   24.  Trinity   x.   Anselm’s  theory;  Jesus  Christ   suffered  as  a  substitute  for   human  sin     People:   1.   Adeodatus   a.   Priest  who  taught  only  God  the   father  was  God;  Jesus=  less   2.   Anthansius   b.   His  sermons  inspired  Augustine     3.   Augustine   c.   Friend  of  Perpetua;  died  a  martyr   4.   Constantine   d.   Bishops  of  one  of  the  leading   seats  of  early  Christianity   5.   Perpetua   e.   “Gift  of  God”:  son  of  Augustine   6.   Iraeneus   f.   Bishop  of  Alexandria  and   opponent  of  Arius   7.   Patriarch   g.   Opposition  to  Donatism  and   Palladianism;  wrote   “Confessions”   8.   Tertullian   h.   Benedictine  monk  who  is  known   for  “debt  satisfaction”  theory  and   ontological  argument   9.   Marcion   i.   Christian  martyr   10.  Nestorius   j.   First  Christian  emperor  of  Rome;   paved  way  for  Christianity   11.  Arius   k.   Bishop  of  church  of  lyons;  wrote   “Against  Heresis”   7     12.  Ambrose   l.   Taught  that  the  God  of  the  Old   Testament  was  not  the  true  God   rather  the  true  God  had  been   revealed  only  with  Jesus  Christ   13.  Anselm   m.  “the  blood  of  martyrs  is  the  seed   of  the  Church”   14.  Felicitas   n.   Patriarch  of  Constantinople;  said   it  was  not  right  to  call  Mary  the   Mother  of  God         Dates:   1.   250  CE   a.   council  of  Chalcedon   2.   787  Ce   b.   Council  of  Ephesus   3.   381  CE   c.   last  empire  wide  persecutions   4.   325  CE   d.   Perpetua  and  companions   martyred  at  Carthage   5.   202/203  CE   e.   edict  of  Milan   6.   301-­‐‑311  CE   f.   Council  called  to  discuss  Heresies   (Nicaea)   7.   313  CE   g.   2  council  of  Nicaea   8.   451  CE   h.   Christianity  becomes  religion  of   the  empire   9.   380  CE   i.   empire  wide  persecutions   10.  431  CE   j.   Nicene  creed  expanded  at  the   council  of  Constantinople     Councils:     1.   Jerusalem   a.   Called  by:  Pope  Leo     8     Year:  451  CE   Settle:  Monophysitism;  Christ  only  has   one  nature-­‐‑  blend  of  human  and  divine   Verdict:  Christ  was  one  person  but  two   natures-­‐‑  helped  put  Pope  as  leader  of   Church   2.   Nicaea  2   b.   Called  by:  Theodosius  II   Year:  431  CE   Settle:  Nestorius  said  Mary  cannot  be  the   Mother  of  God   Verdict:  Christ  has  two  natures-­‐‑  Divine   and  human-­‐‑  Mary  is  the  Theotokos   3.   Constantinople   c.   Called  by:  Constantine   Year:  325  CE   Settle:  Arius  claimed  Christ  was  created   by  the  Father  and  adopted  as  His  Son   Verdict:  Declared  Christ  is  one  being   with  the  Father  and  developed  the   Nicene  Creed   4.   Ephesus   d.   Called  by:  Theodosius  I   Year:  381  CE   Settle:  The  divinity  of  the  Holy  Spirit   Verdict:  Added  the  Holy  Spirit  to  the   Creed     5.   Chalcedon   e.   Called  by:  Empress  Irene   Year:  757   Settle:  define  the  veneration  due  to  holy   images   Verdict:  Symbols  and  icons  of  Jesus   9     Christ  should  be  displayed   6.   Nicaea  1   f.   Year:  50  CE   Settle:  Can  Gentiles  become  Christians   without  converting  to  Judaism?   Verdict:  Yes;  do  not  need  to  follow   Jewish  law    


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