Psychology Study Guide Chapter 8
Psychology Study Guide Chapter 8 PSY B110
Popular in Introduction to Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by idk on Sunday November 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY B110 at Indiana University taught by Michelle Carroll in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
Reviews for Psychology Study Guide Chapter 8
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 11/15/15
Psychology Exam Review Social Psychology The scientific study of how we think about in uence and relate to one another Attribution Theory the theory that we tend to give a causal explanation for someone39s behavior often by crediting either the situation or the person39s disposition Fundamental Attribution Error the tendency for observers when analyzing another39s behavior to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition Attitude a belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects people and events Central Route to Persuasion Occurs when people think carefully about a message amp are in uenced because they find the arguements compelling Peripheral Rout to Persuasion when people do not scrutinize the message but are in uenced mostly by other factors such as speakers attractiveness Footinthedoor Phenomen The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request Role a set of expectations norms about a social position defining how those in the position ought to behave Cognitive Dissonance Theory the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent Conformity adjusting one39s behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard Normative Social In uence in uence resulting from a person39s desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval Informational Social In uence in uence resulting from one39s Willingness to accept others39 opinions about reality Social Facilitation improved performance of tasks in the presence of others occurs With simple or welllearned tasks but not With tasks that are difficult or not yet mastered Social Loafing the tendency for people in a group to exert less effort When pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than When individually accountable Myers Psychology 8e p 739 Deindividuation the loss of selfawareness and selfrestraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity Groupthink the mode of thinking that occurs When the desire for harmony in a decisionmaking group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives Group Polarization the enhancement of a group39s prevailing attitudes through discussion Within the group Prejudice an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members Stereotype a generalized belief about a group of people Discrimination unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group or its members Ingroup quotUsquot people With Whom one shares a common identity Outgroup quotThemquot those perceived as different or apart from one39s ingroup Ingroup Bias the tendency to favor one39s own group Scapegoat Theory the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame Otherrace Effect The tendency to recall faces of one39s own race more accurately than faces of other races J ustworld Phenomenon The tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get What they deserve and deserve What they get Aggression any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy Frustrationaggression Principle The principle that frustrationthe blocking of an attempt to achieve some goalcreates anger Which can generate aggression
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'