BEH 225 Week 2 Heredity and Hormones in APA format
BEH 225 Week 2 Heredity and Hormones in APA format
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Heredity and Hormones 1 Heredity and Hormones In uence on Human Behavior Your Name Here AXIA College of the University of Phoenix BEH 225 Instructor Name Here Month and Day Heredity and Hormones In uence Heredity and Hormones on Human Behavior Debates on nature versus nurture are more likely to determine that genetics are the cause for human behavior Increasingly researchers are directing attention on the cohesion of genes and behavior therefore their tendency to follow a line of investigation on the in uence of heredity on human behavior increases the belief that genetics is a major issue that in uences physical behaviors However the lone fact of connection between genetics and behavior seems to be too simplistic to describe the complex process of human behavior The factor of hormones in uence on behavior is additionally identified which brings into debate the reality of behavior being controlled exclusively by genetics The endocrine system connected to most of the other core systems of the body is exceptionally active The production and regulation of hormones is executed via the endocrine system Hormones are chemical couriers inside of the human body that are able to generate particular reactions in cells or organs throughout a number of con icting systems thus permitting the endocrine system to lead processes such as development reproduction and behavior along with other systems The glands produce hormones and a few organs spreading into different regions of the body According to Morris and Maisto 2002 the glands engaged in hormone production are the gonads adrenal pituitary thyroid pineal and parathyroid glands Additionally the pancreas and various branches of the digestive tract are role players in the production of certain hormones that when working together with glands affect many other regions of the human body 2 Heredity and Hormones 3 Genes deliver uniquely distinctive hereditary characteristics Genes do exhibit effects to behavior Behavior is not ascribed to an isolated or singular gene or a conglomeration of individual genes Behaviors are complex and are attributed to various genes amid many other factors Genetics are only partially responsible for our behaviors As a complex attribute both genetic and environmental aspects affect behavior Although the existence of specific hereditary factors may boost or diminish the effects of others when the genetic and environmental factors act together they show the most effect on human behavior Morris P 2000 shows his opinion on how we have to understand the in uence of both heredity and environment on human behavior some traits are purely genetic and these traits have a high heritability other traits are strongly in uenced by the individual39s environment and their heritability is low many traits are produced by a complex mixture of genetics and environment Two diverse fields illustrate the in uence of heredity on human behavior Behavior genetics centers on demonstrating hereditary behavior from an individual point of view while evolutionary psychology is a study of the evolutionary roots of behaviors and mental processes that all human beings share Morris and Maisto 2002 p 79 Behavior genetics channels us to understand the relationship of genetics and environment To observe this more clearly twin studies are conducted to confirm environmental differences between separated twins Kamin and Goldberger 2002 questioned the validity of heritability estimates based on this method because of concerns over the representativeness of samples Are the results of studies of twins generalizable to the general population Do twins live in unique circumstances and receive special treatment from others because they are twins J ang 2005 p 9 Evolutionary psychology is a science that explains why humans behave the way they do Heredity and Hormones 4 What is Evolutionary Psychology 1996 explains that the science s effort to find the common roots of our inherited behavior and common behavioral roots are clearly visible today between different cultures I believe that genes have an obvious and very important in uence in creating our human personality One has a greater probability to develop his or her talent through hereditary paternal genes Although it is challenging to believe that there is no opportunity for development and variation There is no absolute way to decode which personality characteristics are the results of heredity or environment in uences What one is born with internally may be altered by means of in uence from his or her environment A notion has been professed for years that traits of eye and hair color are determined by genes while many scientists would argue that this have a bearing on condition that behavior constitutes an environmental aspect of an individual s personal history Heredity and Hormones 5 References J ang KL 2005 The Behavioral Genetics of Psychopathology A Clinical Guide Mahwah New Jersey Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Morris CG amp Maisto AA 2002 Psychology An Introduction 12th ed Upper Saddle River NJ Prentice Hall Morris P 2000 What does Genetic Mean Retrieved January 18 2008 from httpWWWathrocornevogengenetichtml What is Evolutionary Psychology 1996 Evolution39s Voyage Web Retrieved January 19 2008 from httpWWWevoyagecomWhatishtml
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