BEH 225 Week 9 Final Project - Interview Profile (250 points)
BEH 225 Week 9 Final Project - Interview Profile (250 points)
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Personal Interview 1 Final Project: Interview Profile Your Name Here Axia College of the University of Phoenix BEH 225 Instructor, Name Here Month Day Personal Interview 2 Personal Interview Profile Preamble The name of person whom I had chosen to interview is guarded and thus his identity will remain anonymous throughout the course of this report. However, I will make reference him as “James Morrison” and derivatives of James Morrison. Scope of the Project For my personal interview, I had sought after an intelligent and successful individual. This approach was meticulously decided upon in order to gain the best understanding regarding specific interview questions relative to basic psychology concepts the ones that enable humans to form a broadened image of people. Additionally, and as a portion of the project’s range to discover more about a person of whom I have befriended, and this relationship would enable the interviewee to remain candid throughout the interview process – James fit the bill. I deem it worth mentioning that this interviewee possesses a master’s Degree in Psychology and therefore I discern that my interviewee, James, is both interested in the study and erudition of behavioral sciences the concerns of learning, memorization, comprehension of human behavior and personality development. Who is James D. Morrison? Mr. Morrison is a married 28yearold Caucasian male working as a fulltime Senior officer at [Insert a Company name here]. James and his family reside in a house shared with his extended family in [Insert a city and State here]. His extended family consists of an aged Personal Interview 3 Motherinlaw, Rebecca and Fatherinlaw, Aaron. He believes that living with his extended family helps him stay grounded and focused on providing a high quality living environment for his wife, two children, his Motherinlaw and Fatherinlaw. He believes that family closeness is achieved because of this environment. From out of nowhere (prior to the interview): James stated that believes that most executives and senior officers do not display forms of compassion toward their direct reports or in instances, globally, the corporate team. “They are more concerned about their paychecks and personal gratification and satisfaction than they are the wellbeing of those around them – their specific team.” James strongly believes that he has a positive impact on his team and other team member by showing how much he cares about them and there wellbeing. Interview Setting The interview took place on a Friday at 2:15 p.m. in Jim’s office. His small and well maintained office is situated at the end of a sizeable corridor, far enough away from any potential distractions. The office walls are complimented with awards of recognition and a diploma received from a nearby University. Insights and the Interview The profile is a research report that touches the following fields: learning, memory, personality, testing, motivation, intelligence, and social cognition; key concepts encountered by everyone in everyday life. I will also compare and contrast their responses to a set of questions with my own responses. Particular emphasis is placed on the development of specific personality traits and attitudes. Factors studied include early relationships, experiences, and the influence of gender and ethnicity. Additional topics include an examination of learning style, Personal Interview 4 intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation, and study habits. When interviewing James, the initial step was “identify” which type of information processor he is: observational, insightful, or experiential. Mr. Morrison’s responses turned out to prove both insightful and experiential styles of learning and memorizing, and he shared some interesting ways of remembering things. Understanding how I process information helps me get organized. The earliest question I had posed to James was, “When reading something is immediately stored to memory? Or, do I like to remember information by observing the behavior?” Jim’s reply: “My brain learns and remembers new information by associating it to something it is already aware of and familiar with; one day, when I need to recall it, I need activation in order to initiate the recall”, he said. “In other words, the learner is “transported” in his mind back to a moment in the past when the new information was first introduced.” “Thank you...which leads into to the question, “What learning strategies you use so the information learned enters the longterm memory?” James stated that he makes all attempts to associate important with a rhythmic pattern or by chunking the information. “Do you process and commit information to memory readily?” “Oh, yes…most definitely”, replied the interviewee. There is little wonder about how this interviewee could recall telephone numbers and names of people he had known some years back. For the information to be optimally remembered there are more types of learning, and a distinctive one is the observational learning. Comparing to insight and experiential learning this type applies the social learning theory, which occurs when an observer changes his or her behavior in accordance to a model behavior through observing, imitating, learning from observing without performing it (Observational Learning, 2001). “What do you believe is the chief facet that influences your attitude, Rob?” Personal Interview 5 “Environment plays a big role on how the information is processed. While some learners prefer to study at home regardless the noisy background they may encounter, others would rather study in the library.” The interviewee’s study preference is similar to mine; the library or other quite area is a suitable reading environment for it can improve the quality of studying. Lesser levels of distractions and noises favor the easiness of remembering information. Personality reveals characteristic behavior and a person’s typical behavior, which is measured through personality tests (Morris and Maisto, 2002). The MyersBriggs test brought a contribution to a better understanding of personality types. It is the most socially accepted today; however, there are many reasons why some people do not believe in personality prototypes. James took the MyersBriggs test and scored as an ISTJ: Introverted Sensing, Extraverted Thinking, Introverted Feeling, and Extraverted Intuition. This type: described as being structured, dependable, with a strong sense of duty. Although Rob agrees with the qualities assigned to his type of personality, he remains rather skeptical about personality tests and is judging of whether they are an accurate portrayal of his makeup. “This test is a model of which the results coincide with the responses you choose adding a thorough description according to characteristic attribution and what emerges from a particular behavior”, he stated. Mr. Morrison asserts that personality traits change over time and the major factors that contributed to the development of his personality are social environment and the family background in his childhood, which added to improved learning of social skills and caring of family members. My MyersBriggs type is ESFJ: Extraverted Sensing Feeling Judging (Extraverted Feeling with Introverted Sensing). A “Seller”, an extravert, a caregiver is what best characterize me. I believe the test was a success and agree with my rating of ESFJ. It need be Personal Interview 6 noted that an ESFJ is the most sociable of all types, a nurturer of harmony as well as an outstanding host or hostesses. Sadly, only 12.3% of the total population is ESFJ. According to BSM Consulting’s “Portrait of an ESFJ” (n.d.), “ESFJs are people persons they love people. They are warmly interested in others. They use their Sensing and Judging characteristics to gather specific, detailed information about others, and turn this information into supportive judgments. They want to like people, and have a special skill at bringing out the best in others. They are extremely good at reading others, and understanding their point of view. The ESFJ's strong desire to be liked and for everything to be pleasant makes them highly supportive of others. People like to be around ESFJs, because the ESFJ has a special gift of invariably making people feel good about themselves.” We, James and I, also took Tickle’s Original Inkblot Test. James and I concur that Tickle’s Original Inkblot Test is a more ambiguous method because the abstractness and vague pictures that are involved in the process. With regard to accuracy of the of personality tests, I believe, as does James, that no lone personality test or survey could provide a 100% result of accurate depiction. And that at least two test must be taken and evaluated before a conclusion can be manifested – such as Multiple Intelligence and the Implicit Association Test (IAT) tests along with the MyersBrigg test. “Validity is more problematic in that there is a tendency for people to answer “yes” rather than “no” to questions, and for their answers to show a social desirability bias” (Psychology an international, 2008, ¶14). Even though I might be satisfied with the test results and the personality box attributed to me, I still do not believe in its reliability. Jones (2002) confirms my opinion: “But the bliss of selfdiscovery has its pitfalls. Many of the tests are "selfreported”, Personal Interview 7 with answers reflecting people's own opinions of their behavior and attitudes. That may account for such satisfying portrayals”. Potential factors involved in shaping personality including also values, beliefs, and expectations are genetic and environmental: genetically inherited physical and mental capabilities, gender and sexual orientation, and social life experiences (O’Neil, 2006). Morris and Maisto (2002) define attitude as a firm formation of beliefs, feelings, and behavior toward an object. The two observational tendencies that play a role in shaping behavior are high selfmonitoring and low selfmonitoring. The person I interviewed demonstrated high selfmonitoring strategy by showing that he is in control over his social behavior and he adapts and acts according to specific situations. After discussing different options, the interviewee took a hesitative approach in expressing his attitude. My interviewee holds fast to the notion that environment influences his attitude most of all. He tends to listen and surround himself with other “positive” individuals; elevating his own spirit. Living as a high selfmonitoring person, James acknowledged that the media influences attitudes about gender differences but only on a slight degree of impact. He does not lend support to the bias and stereotyped view of women as weak; therefore, unsuitable for leadership or military institutions. However, he does believe that race and ethnic differences have a strong impact on how many individuals structure their attitudes. As I have a low selfmonitoring level, I tend to debate my opinions and beliefs, and sometimes do not have complete control over the way I react in a particular situation. Conversely, and from what I have witnessed, James tends to react in a more reserved manner. Life is a perspective. How we create, our attitudes and what influences them permits us to "understand" our choices and that human life is full of perspectives. My attitudes and behavior Personal Interview 8 are chiefly geared and affected by my personal experiences and parental attitudes. “What are your beliefs about the penalty? "And…let me then ask you this, Do you find that race and ethnicity do play big roles on how a person forms his or her personality and attitudes…and opinions. Hurwitz and Peffley (2004) present an explanation of blacks and whites’ attitudes on death penalty: “We explore how blacks and whites are differentially affected by such arguments, as well as the individuallevel characteristics responsible for shifts in death penalty support across argument conditions. Three findings are especially noteworthy: AfricanAmerican citizens are much more responsive to arguments against the death penalty than whites, who, if anything, are more likely to support the death penalty when confronted with an argument against it. Among whites and blacks, beliefs about whether the criminal justice system is racial biased affect the success of different arguments in lowering support.” James’s answer mimicked the information provided by Hurwitz and Peffley (2004). “Extrinsic motivation gives time to think and make choices, and have an appreciation of the task which will rather generate a more creative output. Intrinsic motivation however, satisfies my inner from the activity process I perform, rather than from its result”. The interviewee’s answer supports both the values of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, but he prefers intrinsic motivation, defined as a stimulation of his interest. My preferred motivation type is also intrinsic and Ryan and Deci (2000) best describe the way I perform when intrinsically motivated; the natural inclination to look for uniqueness and challenge, to expand abilities, to investigate, and to learn. In Summary Personal Interview 9 The conducted interview bequeaths an understanding of different psychology concepts. Judging from the interviewee’s answers, it is revealed that in some fashions, concepts, and behaviorisms we are quite similar; in other ways, we differ completely. While we prefer to observe behavior being performed in order to remember new information, the interviewee is superior in the areas of insight and experiential learning. According to attitudes development the interviewee is high selfmonitoring; I am the opposite. Albeit, we are similar in the way we consider accuracy of measuring personality, choosing learning environment, and preferred type of motivation. This written work, of which you nearing the end of, should improve upon one’s awareness of the many differences in personality, attitudes, learning styles, and others, as well as give you knowledge of what researchers have to say about them. Lastly, by acquiring distinctive knowledge through credibility, I am apt to tolerate views, abilities, and attitudes in the various life fields that may be in complete contrast to my own. With all hope, you are too. Personal Interview 10 Personal Interview 11 References BSM Consulting (n.d.). Portrait of an ESFJ. Retrieved January 21, 2009, from http://www.personalitypage.com/ESFJ.html Funderstanding. Observational Learning (2001). Retrieved January 20, 2009, from http://www.funderstanding.com/observational_learning.cfm Hurwitz, J., & Peffley, M. (2004, April). "Race and the Death Penalty: The Determinants and Resilience of Attitudes toward Capital Punishment among Whites and African Americans". Retrieved January 19, 2009, from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p82615_index.html Jones, T. (2002). Christian Science Monitor. Web users go nuts on personality tests. Retrieved January 5, 2009, from http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/0913/p03s01 ussc.htm Morris, C.G., & Maisto, A.A. (2002). Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. O’Neil, D. (2006). Personality Development. Retrieved January 19, 2009, from http://anthro.palomar.edu/social/soc_3.htm Psychology an International Perspective (2008). Personality Assessment. Retrieved January 19, 2009, from http://www.psypress.com/pip/resources/slp/topic.asp?chapter=ch13&topic=ch13sc03 Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2002). SelfDetermination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and WellBeing. Retrieved January 11, 2009, from Personal Interview 12 www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/documents/2000_RyanDeci_SDT.pdf
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