HCA 240 Wk 4 blood disord ind forum day 7 attchmnt
HCA 240 Wk 4 blood disord ind forum day 7 attchmnt
CSU - Dominguez hills
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Assignment: Blood Disorders Running head: Blood Disorders Blood Disorders Axia College of University of Phoenix Name HCA 240 Date Assignment: Blood Disorders Blood Disorders There are several types of blood disorders that one can become afflicted with at any given time in one’s life. Lifestyle, family history and symptoms are all ways in which blood disorders are identified. The blood disorders pertaining to the three case scenarios are all different. Iron deficiency anemia is a blood disorder Amy is afflicted with. Sickle cell traitanemia is a blood disorder Marcus is suffering from. The blood disorder from which Richard is suffering is thrombocytopenia. Information pertaining to the cause of these disorders, diagnosis criteria, treatment and prevention is provided for each of these blood disorders. These disorders are alike in that they all are disorders of the blood and there are treatments available for all. The lack of iron or an insufficient amount of iron intake in the hemoglobin of the red blood cells signals iron deficiency anemia. Iron is needed by the body to produce hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin and iron are the pigment that carries oxygen to the body; every red blood cell contains these. One can have iron deficiency anemia due to a lack of iron in the blood. The body’s function is affected due to less oxygen reaching the cells and tissues (Nih, 2008). Iron deficiency anemia could be caused by a period of rapid growth in early years. Failure to have a diet rich in iron can result in one having an insufficient amount of iron Assignment: Blood Disorders in the blood. This can also make it more difficult for the body to absorb the iron that is already in the body. This deficiency could be caused by suffering from an ongoing blood loss due to medical reasons. A medical examination is the only true way to determine what is causing the iron deficiency. A blood test is needed when trying to diagnose iron deficiency anemia. This test consists of blood drawn from one’s vein and sent to the lab for evaluation. To reveal the levels of hematocrit and hemoglobin in the blood, a CBC blood test must be performed. The much needed information will be determined regarding the red blood count size. Serum iron is a test that measures how much iron is in the blood. Serums reflect the total iron that is stored. To determine if blood is present in the stool, a stool test is sometimes performed. After a definitive diagnosis is determined, the proper treatment can be started to replenish the iron in the blood (Nih, 2008). Starting one on an iron supplement is the first step in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. This supplement may be continued for as long as necessary if it is proven to be effective. Regular blood tests should be done routinely to determine if the supplements are working to treat the iron deficiency. An ironrich diet will be administered to assure that the proper amount of iron is maintained in the blood. Regular testing will help to prevent any future iron deficiency problems. To maintain the correct amount of iron, a change in nutrition needs to be implemented. Some beneficial sources of iron rich foods are broccoli, lean meat, raisins, spinach and whole grain breads (Nih, 2008). Assignment: Blood Disorders Sickle cell anemia is another blood disorder. Sickle cell is a blood disorder that is inherited when there are two copies of the sickle cell gene in which one from each parent is present. The person carries sickle cell anemia if one gene is present (Sicklecelldisease, 2005). People of African American, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern descent are most commonly afflicted with sickle cell anemia. In sickle cell, the cells tend to be stiff, sticky, and fragile; they tend to clump together. Sickle cell causes the blood vessels to become clogged and the body tissues are deprived of oxygen, causing unhealthy organs and tissues. Blood tests will need to be administered to determine if one has sickle cell (Webmd, 20052009). To diagnose sickle cell, a hemoglobin, chromatography and electrophoresis test is performed. To establish if changes in the genes of the hemoglobin in the red blood cells are present, DNA analysis will be performed (Sicklecelldisease, 2005). Presently there is no cure for sickle cell; however are treatments available. These treatments can aid in relieving pain, prevention of infections and the control of complications. To aid in the prevention of infections and pain relief, penicillin and pain relievers are prescribed. Scientific research is being conducted relentlessly to find ways to prevent sickle cell. The thorough study of gene therapy and ways to replace abnormal genes that cause sickle cell are being conducted regularly. Assignment: Blood Disorders The blood disorder that causes a reduction of platelets in the blood is thrombocytopenia. Certain drugs such as: heparin, histamine blockers, quinine and alcohol can cause this disorder. Occasionally, decreased productions of platelets arise when stem cells are injured. Underdeveloped marrow is the most common cause of depleted platelets. Lab work accompanied by a physical examination is needed in order to diagnosis this disorder (mayoclinic, 2008). CBC, PTT, PT or a platelet associated antibodies are tests which will be performed. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, a treatment plan will be discussed; treatment can vary depending on which plan the doctor deems will be the best course of action. If it is determined the problem is caused from a drug one is taking, the drug will be discontinued in an attempt to correct the condition. On the other hand, if there are not enough platelets, a medication will be prescribed in order to increase production. If this does not correct the problem, a transfusion may be performed. If it is determined the condition is caused by an enlarged spleen, surgery will be performed to remove the spleen. Frequent monitoring of the condition by a physician will be needed to prevent any future reoccurrences (mayoclinic, 2008). These blood disorders have several things in common. Currently there is no way to prevent these disorders. Researchers are continually working to find a way to prevent and Assignment: Blood Disorders hopefully cure these blood disorders. Blood tests are still the best way to diagnose all these disorders. To help with pain management and prevent infections, treatments are available. The most effective way of coping with these disorders is obtaining an early diagnosis when symptoms are first presented so treatment can be started as soon as possible. Assignment: Blood Disorders References Mayoclinic.com (2008). Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count). Definition. Retrieved April 15, 2009 http://www.mayoclinic.com/health /thrombocytopen /DS00691 Nlm.nih.gov. (2008). Medical Encyclopedia. Iron Deficiency Anemia. Retrieved April 15, 2009 http://www.nlm.gov/medlineplus /ency/article/000584 .htm Sicklecelldisease.org. (2005). What is Sickle Cell Disease? Retrieved April 15, 2009 http://www.Sicklecelldisease.or /about_scd/index.phtml Webmd.com. (20052009). Sickle Cell Disease. Topic Overview. Retrieved April 15, 2009 http://www.webmd.com /atozguides/sicklecelldiseasetopicoverview
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