HHS245 W 2 The Role of Government in Policy-Making
HHS245 W 2 The Role of Government in Policy-Making
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Date Created: 11/16/15
1 The Role of Government The Role of Government in PolicyMaking Name Axia College of University of Phoenix Th2 Role of Government The Role of Government in PolicyMaking This paper was written to describe the role of government in policymaking. Although we will explore these areas further a basic explanation so that you will be familiar with the process is that the judiciary decides what policy is legal and illegal, and can require the executive or legislative branch to fix it, or in rare instances, the judiciary can impose a remedy. The legislature shapes public policy by passing laws, and approving budgets. Now lets look a little closer at the legislative branch. There are numerous tasks within the legislation process. Included is a summary of actions required during each task: 1. Task one A clear definition of the problem must be made as well as what is wanted from legislation which is vital to gaining public and legislative support. 2. Task two Compile data organizes pros/cons, summarizes the problem or unknown problem so that all angles to the issues can be seen. 3. Task threeProvide solutions for the issue of concern, for instance, public policy, program design or provisions (a way to correct the issue). 4. Task fourGain the public’s support for the problem at hand. 5. Task fiveConvince the legislators by collecting everything previously put together and getting them to sponsor it as a legislative bill. The3Role of Government 6. Task sixMake appearances at committee hearings in regard to the bill so questions can be asked and answered as well as hear both sides of merit from the bill. 7. Task sevenTo lobby the legislators for support, show them why their support IS politically in their best interest. 8. Task eight If the bill passes, must lobby for funds to run the program(s) designed to help the original issue. Now let’s discuss the role of the judiciary in shaping public policy. The major role of the judiciary is to protect and abide by the laws stated in the U.S. Constitution. The main element for the judiciary is to protect each and every citizen’s constitutional, civil, human and legal rights. Also provided is protection from others or even the state from causing harm to another individual. (Chambers & Wendel, 2005). More or less the judiciary works very hard to keep domestic harmony secure by providing a way to deal with civil and criminal issues that may arise. Previously, the nonprofit organization that I chose to discuss was Florida Coalition for the Homeless. The laws and judicial decisions that influence how Florida Coalition for the Homeless operates are few but most important of them all, is the IRS regulations that state the coalition must maintain records of all donations (Florida Coalition for the Homeless, 2010). “In 1996, the Good Samaritan Food Donation Act was passed by the Federal Government encouraging donation of food and grocery products to nonprofit organizations, such as homeless coalition, for Th4 Role of Government distribution to needy individuals. It protects donors from liability for donated food items” (Solidary Foundation, 2010). This law enables you to donate your produce and other food and clothing and many needy things to the homeless without worrying about liability. “Because of this law, as a donor: • You are protected from liability when you donate to Coalition for the homeless. • You are protected from civil and criminal liability should the donations in good faith later cause harm to the recipients without your knowledge.” (Solidary Foundation, 2010). There are numerous laws that influence day to day operations because of having to abide the various laws by checking everything and keeping a log of the process and donations of the organization, they can specifically include: • Donations must be made asking nothing in return financially from either an individual or another nonprofit organization. • A person must not donate items they know to be harmful to other individuals. • “Nonprofit—Must meet these guidelines; (A) is operating for religious, charitable, or educational purposes; and (B) does not provide net earnings to, or operate in any other manner that inures to the benefit of, any officer, employee, or shareholder of the entity.” (Solidary Foundation, 2010). The role the law played in shaping policies that affect this particular agency or organization is that by enacting the Good Samaritan Food Donation Act legislation has protected donors rights so by doing this the overall goal to attract new donors will be Th5 Role of Government easier and a win situation overall. In conclusion, the role of government in policymaking is a complex series of events that includes several parts of the legislative branch. Although there are many steps to conquer during the lengthy process, each step is vital to keep the balance of social issues and citizens rights. References Chambers, D. E., & Wendel, K.R. (2005). Social Policy and Social Programs. Allyn & Bacon. Retrieved June 20, 2010, from ProQuest database. Florida Coalition for the Homeless. (2010). Retrieved June 20, 2010, from http://www.fchonline.org/ Solidary Foundation. (2010). Solidary Food Bank. Retrieved June 20, 2010 from http://www.solidary.org/index.php? option=com_content&view=article&id=24&Itemid=41
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