week 2 Assignment Prejudice and Discrimination Article
week 2 Assignment Prejudice and Discrimination Article
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Prejudice and Discrimination Article Running head PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION ARTICLE Prejudice and Discrimination Article Dawnette Dunkley Axia College of University of Phoenix Prejudice and Discrimination Article 2 Prejudice and Discrimination Article For some people the mere mention of the country Bosnia brings to mind the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims by former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic For centuries Bosnia has had its share of volatile relations both among its local diverse groups Serbs Croats and Bosnian Muslims as well as with outside forces However for years these three ethnic groups managed to coexist peacefully until the politics of Milosevic during the 19903 stirred centuries of latent mistrusts marking the beginning of his ethnic cleansing campaign and the atrocities committed against Bosnian Muslims Today Bosnia may appear to be relatively peaceful however it is incumbent upon anyone traveling to this country to exercise caution and conduct thorough background research into the complexities of this nation In addition to political differences ethnicity and religion are sensitive aspects of the Bosnian culture as their national identity is tied closely to their political ethnic and religious identities Therefore the aim of this paper is to provide a description of the races and ethnicities as well as the various cultures within the country of Bosnia Additionally it will make a clear differentiation between its race and ethnicity and provide examples of discrimination certain ethnic groups face in this country Furthermore it will explore the reasons behind these discriminations as well as explore the consequences of these discriminations as they affect the Bosnian population Besides standard pretravel information that people gather before traveling to other foreign countries that include visa requirement and immunization it is imperative that people also take certain measures to ensure safety With a country such as Bosnia however it will be essential to have knowledge of its history language culture politics and its racial and ethnic makeup as Prejudice and Discrimination Article 3 well Knowledge of these different components within Bosnia will help visitors avoid miscommunications misinterpretations and promote better interaction with the different ethnic groups within the country The three main racial and ethnic groups in Bosnia are the Bosnian Muslims the Serbs and the Croats One simply cannot discuss race or ethnicity within Bosnia without discussing their respective religious ties The Bosnian Muslims make up the majority in fact traces of the Turkish civilization still re ects in their culture and serves as a reminder of centuries of Turkish dominance in the Balkan region Residue of past con ict between Bosnian Muslims and Serbs still exist today as a result Bosnian Muslims are more likely to identify themselves in opposition to the Serbs and resent their longstanding dominance of the region On the other hand Serbs tend to identify more with their Serb neighbors to the south and less with Bosnia and primarily consist of Eastern Orthodox Croats are primarily Roman Catholic and prefer to distinguish themselves from both Bosnians and Serbs Bakke Cao O Loughlin amp Ward 2009 Even with the differences that exist among these different ethnic groups somehow they managed to share a peaceful coexistence it was not uncommon to find intermarriages and mixed communities However after Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic came into power in 1989 his extremist political views managed to stir up mistrust that lay dormant for many years among these ethnic groups Bakke Cao O Loughlin amp Ward 2009 By 1992 Milosevic launched a campaign that supports the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims This type of racial discrimination led to political unrest poverty and war which caused the deaths of millions and left many people wounded and homeless With the backing of Prejudice and Discrimination Article 4 Milosevic the Serbs were responsible for most of the persecution against the Bosnian Muslims however the Croats were also complicit in this atrocity Bosnian Civil War 2008 The main reason for much of this discrimination arose out of political differences after Bosnian Muslims and Croats came together to make a referendum declaring Bosnian s independence from Serbia Even though the world recognizes Bosnia s independence and the Muslim president assured the Serbs that Bosnian Muslims would never violate their rights the Serbs refused to cooperate Mahmutc ehajic 1999 The Bosnian Muslims were no match to the Serbs more superior military so with the help of Milosevic the Serbs drove the Muslims out of both eastern and northern Bosnia With the use of brutal force the Serbs committed drastic human rights violation against the Muslims Their tactics included destroying entire villages and terrorizing civilians they managed to accomplish this by systematically raping the women and killing the men in the villages This atrocity has left permanent scars on this nation for this reason visitors to this country need to be mindful of the religious ethnic and political differences of the people and exercise caution in areas where tension may still exists Subsequently after the Serbs completely decimated the Bosnian Muslims both the presidents of Croatia and Serbia made an agreement to split the country of Bosnia between them this decision only served to increase violence between Muslim and Croats as well as between Serbs and Muslim This escalation in violence caused the United Nation to intervene but with not much success Cities such as Srebrenica and Sarajevo were under siege food fuel water and other necessities were in short supply Some people chose to ee but would usually end in refugee camps with terrible living conditions Others were sent to Serboperated concentration camps where tortures beatings and mass murders were not uncommon Mahmutc ehajic 1999 Prejudice and Discrimination Article 5 These unabated fights among ethnic groups continued and it was only after approximately 68 civilians were killed by a Serb attack at a Sarajevo market that the united Nation decided to use extreme force to stop the violence Consequently in addition to NATO forces maintaining the peace in 1995 through the Dayton Peace Accord the boundaries of BosniaHerzegovina reverted to where they used to be before the war Dividing in two parts the Muslims and Croats govern the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Serbs the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Although this agreement managed to facilitate peace among these warring factions the reality is this peace agreement is very tenuous as NATO forces still have significant presence in Bosnia Mahmutc ehajic 1999 Conclusion In conclusion today as these ethnic groups manage to live in relative calm it is even more important that visitors to this country understand and demonstrate respect to the ethnic religious and political differences of the people in the region as the people continue to make efforts to move past the Yugoslav civil war The undercurrent of tension among these groups makes it essential that visitors to this country demonstrate sensitivity and avoid offending any particular group out of indifference or sheer ignorance Prejudice and Discrimination Article References Bakke K Cao X O39Loughlin J amp Ward M 2009 Social distance in BosniaHerzegovina And the North Caucasus Region of Russia Inter and IntraEthnic Attitudes and Identities Nations amp Nationalism 152 227253 doi 101llljl4698129200900363X Bosnian Civil War 19921995 2008 Background Information Summaries 1 Retrieved from International Security amp Counter Terrorism Reference Center database Mahmutc ehajic R 1999 Changing the State of Knowledge Sociological Imagination 23 167175 Retrieved from SocINDEX with Full Text database 6 Prejudice and Discrimination Article 7
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