HUM111 Final Exam
HUM111 Final Exam
CSU - Dominguez hills
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Axia College Material Appendix B Final Exam Access the Electronic Reserve Readings link on your student Web site for Week Nine. Select one of the topics below and read both articles that present opposing sides of the argument surrounding that topic. o Animal experimentation o Outsourcing o Media violence Answer the following questions in paragraphs of approximately 100 words demonstrating your critical and creative thinking skills. 1. Identify if the topic you chose, as presented by both articles, is a problem or an issue and explain what makes it a problem or an issue. If you believe the articles present both problems and issues, identify and explain what the problems are and what the issues are. I chose the topic of media violence and after reading both articles, I believe that there are both problems, as well as, issues present. The main problem seems to be that there is violent behavior and there are many social factors that contribute to it. Most people informed on the matter would agree to this instead of being divided with different opinions. The issue is over whether media violence has an effect on aggression or not. While one side of the arguments suggests that media violence has a direct effect on aggressive behaviors, the opposing view states that media violence doesn’t lead to reallife violence. 2. Were the problems or issues expressed effectively? Describe how the problems or issues were or were not best expressed. I felt the issue of this topic was expressed effectively. In the argument against media violence affects reallife violence, James D. Torr expresses the issue very clearly and does it just as the textbook says. He identified the challenge for both sides, expressed the issue in the appropriate form of a question, and objectively refined the expression to eliminate confusion. The problem wasn’t expressed as effectively. In John Woodward’s article, it wasn’t in the form of a question and without looking for it, could be overlooked. The problem was even followed by an argument supporting his views which can cause confusion. 3. How would you determine the credibility of the sources of information used by the authors in the articles when investigating the problems or issues presented by your topic? First I would attempt to determine what types of sources were used. In my opinion, certain sources such as eye witness testimonies and personal experiences, for HUM/111 example, aren’t very credible. They are speculative and provide no evidence to support any arguments. Next I would try to research the sources for validity and accuracy. Just because a source was cited, doesn’t mean it is an actual source or was even used accurately. If the internet was used as a source, I would view all of the websites to determine credibility. Some sites could be based on opinions whereas others could provide false information. 4. Compare two steps that would be most effective in refining solutions to the problem and resolutions to the issues presented by your topic. In refining the solutions to the problem of aggressive behavior, working out the details and making improvements would be the two best steps. Working out the details would allow everyone involved to ask enough questions to come up with a solution that best solves the problem. Making improvements eliminates imperfections in the solution such as changing the terminology, the steps involved, or the way it’s used. To refine a resolution to the issue presented by the topic, the steps used are deciding the action to be taken and recognizing and overcoming difficulties. Similar to working out the details, deciding what to do involves asking questions to determine the best course of action. Overcoming difficulties combines checking for imperfections, comparing plans, and considering changes to the plan and effects it will have. 5. Identify three strategies that could help you foster criticism when evaluating both arguments for your topic. The first, and probably most important, strategy to use is to focus on my ideas. Instead of focusing on criticizing others’ ideas initially, I would try to think of criticism towards my own ideas first. Another important strategy is to avoid assumptions as much as possible. Even though they are reasonable to have, they can still be incorrect so it’s important to be careful about what is assumed. Applying curiosity is another equally important strategy. It increases the awareness of the problems and issues in order to feel dissatisfactions and annoyances more consciously to regard them more productively as opportunities. 6. Identify three approaches that would be most effective in refining solutions to the problem. In trying to refine a resolution to the issue and problem, one approach is to check for common types of imperfections. Safety, convenience, efficiency, simplicity, and morality are all examples of imperfections that can have an effect on the outcome of the solution. Considering the changes the solution will cause is another approach in refining a solution. If a particular plan is used, even minor changes should be thought of and which of them would cause complications. One more approach is to consider the effects the solution will have on people. In addition to the changes that can occur, the effects of a solution on people should also be thought about in order to find any imperfections. 7. Identify at least three errors affecting truth and validity in the arguments for your chosen topic. I think the first error in truth comes from John Woodward’s argument. His main argument is based on either/or thinking. Either media violence has a direct effect on reallife violence, or it doesn’t. He doesn’t leave room for influential factors like age, HUM/111 ethnicity, background, and parental styles that can increase the effects, or even cause the effects, of media violence. The next error also comes from Woodward’s argument. He demonstrates a double standard because his argument claims media violence has an effect on reallife violence, yet he also says that not all violence lead to aggressive behaviors. Another error is in James Torr’s argument which is irrational appeal. It comes as the “We’ve been this way with no negative effects.” 8. Summarize the steps you completed while evaluating both sides of your topic. The first step I used to evaluate these two arguments was to identify each argument and determine if it was stated clearly. Next I read through each article and examined each of them for any errors affecting truth. Since each article argued the other, I used them to challenge the other. Then I tried to examine each argument for errors in validity and determined whether the conclusions were legitimate or not. Finally, I thought of ways to revise both of the arguments in order to correct the errors that were found. 9. Explain what techniques you would use to present your ideas on this topic and persuade others effectively. I would start with trying to understand why people reject ideas. The more that their ideas and beliefs are challenged, the more likely they are to object. I would then determine what the audience knows, doesn’t know, and what their opinions are. That would allow me to determine what factors influence them and consider the variety of views they might take. Next I would anticipate the audience’s objections in order to identify any valid arguments. Lastly, I would present my ideas to advantage. Presenting my ideas in a way that respects the audience and begins in a familiar way is a great start to getting attention. 10. Identify three approaches you will use to apply these techniques to effective writing and speaking skills. The most important approach is planning. It requires assembling ideas, choosing the arrangement, and choosing the introduction and conclusion of my thoughts. Revising the writing or speech would be next. It would allow me to review the information for any errors and make any necessary changes. I would then go to organization and practicing the delivery. Unlike writing, speaking can’t be changed as it is being presented so it’s important to organize the material and practice giving the speech in the most effective manner. HUM/111
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