HCS 490 - Week 3 - Demographic Paper
HCS 490 - Week 3 - Demographic Paper
CSU - Dominguez hills
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Demographic Paper HCS490 July 11 2011 AIDS is the common acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome This disease of the immune system is caused by an infection that destroys white blood cells and it is transmitted through the blood or bodily secretions such as semen Dictionarycom 2011 Many demographic communities are affected by AIDS This health care crisis has had a major impact on all societies in the United States This preventable and incurable disease has affected every household in the United States whether directly or indirectly The Targeted Population This horrific disease knows no bounds and has no specific target population but is the leading cause of death for young adults ages 25 to 44 It is estimated by the Center of Disease Control CDC that there is over 1 million people in the United States living with AIDS today Center for Disease Control 2010 There are several theories as to how AIDS came about One such theory suggests that in 1959 blood taken from an adult male living in the Congo contained HIV How this man became infected is a mystery When this man s blood was analyzed the sample indicated that HIV1 may have come from a single virus in the late 1940s or early 1950s Cichocki 2007 Population Demographics In the late 70 s and early 80 s AIDS was on the rise It was calculated that almost a million people were HIV positive an half of those infected individuals died from the virus in the United States HIV is a deadly disease that normally goes undetected until it is too late for life saving treatment HIV advances into AIDS in stages typically within a 10 year time period Some of the new drug treatment therapies have proved very successful in the treatment of HIV which has drastically reduced the death rate as well as reducing the rate in which the disease is spread in the United States The Center for Disease Control has estimated that approximately 2 million people have died from AIDS since 2008 and 34 million are now living with the virus of which an astounding 3 million are newly infected center for disease control 2010 AIDS is evolving by epidemic proportions and it does not differentiate by race color creed gender sexual orientation or economic status Changing Demographics In 2005 it was estimated that 24 of the people infected with AIDS in the United States were age 50 and older This is a significant increase from 2001 of about 7 Persons in this age group designated and astounding 15 increase in newly diagnosed cases whereas this sane age group only increased 3 in 2001 The epidemiology of AIDS in regards to healthcare is drastically changing because patients are living longer and are more at risk of succumbing to more natural age related illnesses In the past before more effective drugs against retroviruses were introduced primary care for AIDS was short term due to the fact that most AID patients did not live long enough for diabetes or heart disease to develop Currently this trend has shifted thus making the role of primary care and specialty management of AIDS equally important If treatment is divided between primary care and specialty management the patient will have a better outcome In all cases this will not be possible for several reasons such as the preference of the patient expertise and resources of the providers and more often than not reimbursement constraints Changing Demographics affect on healthcare AIDS has made a huge impact in healthcare as the demographics shift more towards those 50 years and older This shift has brought about increased demand for preventative and curative services in healthcare As the AIDS epidemic continues to rise there is much concern over rising cost of the medication needed to treat AIDS and how are people going to be able to pay for it Challenges to this population There are many challenges in healthcare when it comes to AIDS One major challenge is getting people to have regular screenings Having the disease diagnosed early is the best form of possible prevention Most of the major insurance companies do not offer health coverage for preventive AIDS screenings Since these screening are not covered by the insurance companies physicians do not know what is deemed routine treatment for AIDS The Center for Disease Control CDC argues that all insurance companies should amend their policies to include routine preventative AIDS screenings for individuals By doing so will help to identify undiagnosed cases of the virus The CDC further recommends that all emergency rooms in hospitals have easy access to AIDS screening Currently in the United States about 95 of the hospitals are aware of the screening but only 35 utilize the process By performing these tests at the point of care can help stop the spread of AIDS and diminish the costs in healthcare Another major challenge facing a patient with AIDS is the increased cost of the drugs to combat the virus Before the antiretroval drugs were introduced the average life span of a person with AIDS was between 5 and 10 years Currently with the new drug treatment therapy the average person living with AIDS has increased to around 50 years With the increased life expectancy comes increased demand for the drug therapy which in turn will increase the cost of the drug treatment Currently researchers are working on a pill that you take only once a day The creation of this new pill is a costly and time consuming endeavor This new drug will prolong life of a person infected with AIDS but it is increasing the AIDS prescription drug and therapy cost Prevention Each prevention program is unique but equally important Research has revealed that distinct strategies must be put in place for a program to be successful 0 A planning process that works effectively in the community 0 Assemblage of demographic data relevant to AIDS 0 AIDS counseling and testing for patient and partners 0 Education on how to reduce the risks of AIDS 0 Accessible treatment and diagnosis referrals 0 Information for the public and education programs 0 Programs for school age children 0 Quality assurance and training 0 AIDS prevention 0 Technical assistance for AIDS patients 0 Program evaluation activities The repercussion that AIDS has had on healthcare in the United States from increasing cost and preventative wellness programs are devastating Better comprehension of how AIDS is contracted and spread will help our communities with prevention and awareness Marketing strategies for prevention programs as well as treatment therapies can also aid the community in gaining awareness for funding these community based programs This is a starting point in the war towards AIDS prevention References Center for Disease Control 2010 WWWCdCg0V Cichocki Mark RN July 7 2007 Living With HIV A Patients Guide httpaidsaboutcom WWWdictionarvcom
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