HIS 115 WEEK 1 Assignment North American Civilization Paper
HIS 115 WEEK 1 Assignment North American Civilization Paper
CSU - Dominguez hills
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Date Created: 11/16/15
This paper will explore the early North American civilization The major points that will be covered migration and lifestyles of early North Americans as well as different elements contained on the PSI Source Gutierrez Map which during the time of its creation was considered to be Spain s vision of the Atlantic world according to McGrawHill 2006 North America or Bust Even before the arrival of the more commonly known French English and Spanish immigrants to North America there were Asian immigrants and of course Africans who were brought to North America by force rather than coming by choice Amidst these immigrants were the original inhabitants of the land Native Americans The Asians according to Davidson etal 2005 are said to have made their first passage to America from Asia during a prehistoric glacial period between 35000 and 25000 BCE and they made the trip by land over the Bering Strait which was during this glacial period a grassy plain Many years later came the French Spanish and Africans The French and English hailed from Europe in an attempt to escape disease war and poverty filled with dreams of starting anew in the Americas which was believed to be over owing with riches and opportunity The settlement of Spanish immigrants in the Americas came from Spain The motivating forces behind their migration were a search for lands believed to be spewing with gold for the purpose of seizing them and enslaving their inhabitants and according to Online Highways 2010 their desire to spread their in uence of Roman Catholicism on the natives The method of travel by the French English Spanish and African slaves to the Americas was oversea by way of ships The discovery of and the settling in of the new world began as mere voyages of exploration by sailors who were convinced that there was more to the only world they had ever known which consisted of Europe Asia and Africa Early North Americans This is Your Life The lifestyles of early North Americans were a re ection of the Native Americans culture The newcomers to the Americas were somewhat reliant on the methods of living by its current inhabitants In their culture within the different societies the men were responsible for doing the fishing and hunting for meat and animal hides which served the purpose clothing the natives and even provide some shelter from the elements The animals in which they hunted were deer moose bears elks and caribou because according to Davidson et a1 2005 animals more commonly known for consumption ie cattle pigs and chickens weren t introduced to the new found society until the Spanish brought them in The women were responsible for farming the land and overseeing the agricultural society They were usually the ones who planted and cultivated fields of beans and corn according to Davidson et a1 2005 Aside from the women s agricultural duties they also cooked the foods made the clothing and weaved baskets which were commonly used for gathering Gutierrez Map 1562 The Gutierrez map created by Diego Gutierrez in 1562 depicts the cartographer s view of human societies as of the time it was created in the Americas and the coast of Northwest Africa It contains elements pertaining to the lands topography sea voyages by perhaps explorers and naval crew alike sea creatures but more importantly the placement of various peoples inhabitation or claims to particular areas or regions Included in these people are the Native Americans who represented by figures of unclothed men with bow and arrows some sitting around fires appearing to be preparing food These representations are scattered around the coast of present day South America I also believe that there is a figure of a teepee which would suggest Native American habitation located in the central area of what is now Mexico The placement of Native Americans throughout the Americas according to Gutierrez s map perhaps strengthened the Europeans claims of sovereignty by leading them to believe that the land was not as concentrated with the people as it actually was The fact that in most spectators eyes the depiction of the Natives on the map gives an impression of them being savages and inferior to the Spaniards and Europeans probably played a role in the outcome as well Also on the map there are three coats of arms Spanish French and Portuguese The Spanish and French coats of arms are located right in the center of North America I believe these two coats of arms represent that the land was controlled by these two groups In the matter of the Portuguese coat of arms which is located right off the coast of the southeast corner of South America to me represents Portugal s naval control of the area as explained by Davidson et al 2005 In conclusion the controversy over who first founded North America and even the views over whom and how they controlled and utilized the land once the immigrants arrived may forever be up for debate What is known as being true by the first explorers and those who followed are the facts that with the discovery of the land came the discovery of people who already inhabited it It was those people whose population has nearly vanished in which much of the teachings on how to live and survive on the newly found land was taught or given to and in some instances taken away from by the North Americans who migrated to there I think it s fair to say that in any accord that when one references the true early North Americans that homage to Native Americans and their in uence on that early society should definitely be included References Davidson J Gienapp W Heyrman C Lytle M amp Stoff M 2005 Nation of Nations A Concise Narrative of the American Republic 4th ed Boston MCGraW Hill Mcgraw Hill 2006 Nation of Nations A Concise Narrative of the American Republic PSI Source Gutierrez Map Retrieved May 17 2010 from httphigheredmcgraWhillcom Online Highways 2010 Early Spanish migration to the Americas Retrieved May 17 2010 from httpWWWushistorvcom
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