PSY 355 Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect Worksheet
PSY 355 Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect Worksheet
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Date Created: 11/17/15
PSY 355 Motivational Processes in Human Psychology Page 1 of 1 PSY355r2 PSY 355 Motivational Processes in Human Psychology University of Phoenix Material Arousal Behavior Stress and Affect Worksheet Using the text for this course the University Library the Internet andor other resources answer the following questions Your response to each question should be at least 250 words in length What are the differences between physiological and psychological needs Provide examples of each in your response Both physiological and psychological needs are important aspects that drive human motivation and behavior While both of these types of needs are important aspects of overall wellbeing they are actually quite different Even though they both might contribute to the same behavior or thought there is a clear variation between physiological and psychological needs Physiological needs are essential biological needs that are necessary for human survival If physiological needs are not met it can threaten the health and wellbeing of an individual greatly Some examples of physiological needs would include proper nutrition water homeostasis inner balance and so on For instance an important physiological need is to maintain hydration water therefore one will have the physiological need to drink water on a regular basis There are specific body organs and functions which will motivate one to drink to fulfill this particular need Psychological needs on the other hand are needs that involve things like self actualization relationships with others and esteem An example of a psychological need would be the need to feel loved and accepted by family and friends and to create emotionally based relationships Psychological needs are focused more on mental well being rather than physical wellbeing and biological needs Another example of a psychological need would be the process of selfactualization Every individual must realize their potential in life and must take the necessary steps to fulfill that potential Some people might direct this potential towards raising a family while others might be more oriented towards their career and worklife What is the relationship between arousal and behavior Does this relationship impact performance and affect Arousal and behavior are closely interrelated When an individual is portraying some sort of behavior arousal is activated Arousal comes in several forms which includes physiological arousal psychological arousal and brain arousal It can be concluded that arousal not only uses energy but it also increases the amount of energy used when Page 2 of 1 PSY355r2 PSY 355 Motivational Processes in Human Psychology behaviors are being carried out One example for this is when an individual purposely chooses a behavior that Will either increase or decrease the level of arousal that they are or Will experience For instance a person could decide to drink more caffeine to produce a specific kind of arousal It is also important to keep in mind that certain things that may increase arousal and performance in one person might not necessarily have the same effect on other individuals Some people feel that they cannot function properly Without consuming coffee caffeine in the morning Others might find that drinking caffeine in the morning makes it difficult for them to concentrate and focus their attention to certain tasks The affect that arousal has on behavior can vary depending on several different factors The first factor that affects how arousal affects behavior is the actual level of arousal that an individual is experiencing According to Deckers 2010 an increase in performance is accompanied by an increase in arousal The YerkesDodson law goes on to state that low arousal produces maximal performance on difficult tasks and high arousal produces maximal performance on easy tasks Deckers 2010 p 134 The second factor that in uences how arousal affects behavior is the actual task that is being performed Tasks can range from difficult to easy and depending on this factor the level of arousal can have a varying affect as well Assess the longterm and shortterm effects of stress on the body brain and behavior Stressors are a part of everyday life Stress has the ability to affect an individual psychologically physically and behaviorally Deckers 2010 When an individual experiences high levels of stress their health may begin to decline Which can cause a multitude of adverse symptoms People With a weakened immune system are more susceptible to getting us or colds They may also experience difficulty sleeping and may suffer from frequent headaches Stress tends to take a toll on the bodies immunity system leaving it more vulnerable to sickness On a psychological level stress has the ability to create high anxiety or depression These symptoms of stress can range from shortterm to longterm depending on Whether or not the individual is able to find effective coping skills to deal With their stress induced anxiety or depression If an individual has experienced constant stress he or she Will likely suffer from long term psychological symptoms They may need to seek counseling or even be prescribed medications to help them cope With their constant stressors Another psychological effect of stress is a negative outlook on life They tend to be more pessimistic due to the lack of coping skills and the constant stress levels that they experience on a daily basis Some people try to alleviate their stress by participating in certain behaviors such as drinking alcohol smoking cigarettes or turning to food for comfort These behaviors can have longterm repercussions on an individual s health Apart from these destructive Page 3 of 1 PSY355r2 PSY 355 Motivational Processes in Human Psychology behaviors people who are experiencing stress may also try to adopt positive behaviors such as talking with others about their problems or trying a new activity References Deckers L 2010 Motivation Biological Psychological and Environmental 3rd ed Boston PearsonAllyn amp Bacon Page 4 of 1 PSY355r2
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