PSY 270 Stress Disorders--Appendix D
PSY 270 Stress Disorders--Appendix D
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Date Created: 11/17/15
*Please be sure to use this tutorial as a guide only. Do not plagiarize and do not resell as your own work. If you have any questions or problems with the tutorial please get a hold of me before leaving any negative feedback and I will resolve the issue. If you have trouble opening or viewing the files please contact me and I will fix the problem as soon as I can. Sometimes instructors change the syllabus so if the material does not match your syllabus please let me know. If I do not respond right away please be patient, I do have a fulltime job and I try to check my messages once a day. Thanks and good luck!!! :) PSY 270 Axia College Material Appendix D Psychological and Psychophysiological Stress Disorders Respond to the following: 1. Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders. The four symptoms of acute and posttraumatic stress disorder are: avoidance, reexperiencing the traumatic event, reduced responsiveness, and increased arousal, anxiety, and guilt. 2. What life events are most likely to trigger a stress disorder? There are various life events that can lead to the development of a stress disorder. These events include: combat, natural disasters, victimization, and terrorism. 3. Traumatic events do not always result in a diagnosable psychological disorder. What factors determine how a person may be affected by one such event? There are several key factors that influence how a person may be affected by a traumatic event. There are biological and genetic factors that are often involved, and the individual’s personality is also a factor. Childhood experiences can influence a person’s reaction to a traumatic event as well. Social support and the severity of the actual trauma will also be determining factors on how the person will be affected. 4. What are the four stages in meeting the psychological needs of disaster victims? The four stage approach in meeting the psychological needs of disaster victims are: normalizing people’s responses to the disaster, encouraging the expression of emotions (anxiety, fear etc.), teaching selfhelping skills, and providing referrals. 5. What is the link between personality styles and heart disease? People with a type A personality style are often very angry, impatient, competitive, and stressed out, which can raise their risk of coronary heart disease (heart attack). Type B personality styles are often more relaxed and easygoing than their type A counterparts, which studies have shown places them at a lower risk of developing heart disease. PSY 270 6. List and briefly describe four psychological treatments for physical disorders. Relaxation training: This treatment focuses on being able to relax one’s muscles at will, which is said to prevent and relieve various illnesses caused by anxiety and/or stress. Medication may also accompany this treatment. Biofeedback: This type of treatment consists of individuals being hooked up to a machine that produces readings about involuntary body activities which can help these individuals learn to control such activities. Meditation: Meditating is a practice helps individuals let go of the stress that may be building up. Meditation can consist of focusing on one’s breathing or on repeating a specific word or phrase to help the individual narrow their concentration. Cognitive interventions: This type of treatment consists of changing the patient’s attitude or response towards their illness, which is said to help patients deal with issues like pain, headaches, and cancer treatments. PSY 270
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