PHI 105 Week 8-Checkpoint - Final Project Outline and SpeakerGÇÖs Notes
PHI 105 Week 8-Checkpoint - Final Project Outline and SpeakerGÇÖs Notes
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Date Created: 11/17/15
Final Project Outline and Speaker’s Notes CheckPoint Final Project Topic: When one selects a particular professional life, does that also give ne a certain set of moral obligations? I. Title – Moral Obligations: Social Services Profession II. Introduction 1. Moral Obligations 2. Social Services Profession Duty to others Competence Integrity III. Duty to others 1. Service 2. Probono Work IV. Competence 1. Education 2. Cultural and Social Diversity V. Integrity 1. Professional Behaviors Ethics Honesty and Reliability VI. My Thoughts Duty to Others 1. Importance of Duty to Self 2. Obligation VII. My Thoughts Competence 1. Self 2. Character Traits 3. Knowledge VIII. My Thoughts – Integrity 1. Honor 2. Responsibility VIIII. JeanPaul Sartre (1905 – 1980) 1. Self and Morality 2. Actions and Morality 3. Choosing for Self and Others X. Mark Halfon 1. Integrity as Moral Purpose XI. Aristotle (384 322 B.C.E.) 1. Knowledge and Logic 2. Competence XII. Conclusion 1. Moral Obligations Duty to Self/Duty to Others Traits and Experience Knowledge XIII. References Halfon, M. (1989). Integrity: A Philosophical Inquiry. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved June 25, 2009, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/integrity/ Moore, B. N., & Bruder, K. (2008). Philosophy: The Power of Ideas (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGrawHill. Speaker’s Notes Slide 1 – Title: Slide 2 – Introduction: The moral obligations mentioned and discussed in this presentation are only a few of many. Duty to others, integrity, and competence are considered to be the main principles within the social service profession. Many social service issues arise because some workers do not always practice the strict code of ethics and moral obligations that are vital in the social service profession. Although these principles will be listed individually, they are all related and depend upon each other to achieve a wellrounded and competent social service system. Slide 3 – Duty to Others: Although most professions call for duty to others, the social service profession’s duty to others is established from its commitment to helping those in need bring change to their lives; not materialistic change but change in living and social status conditions. Providing charitable service and taking on probono (free of charge) work ensures that social service professionals are giving what is necessary to help others. Slide 4 – Competence: When individuals enter the field of social service, they must perform their duties as with the utmost competence. Normally, a secondary education is required to be eligible for most positions within social service, and most employees are required to periodically take continuing education classes to update their knowledge and skills. Competence in this professional also asks social service workers to share any newlyacquired knowledge or skills with the entire profession as a whole. Cultural and social diversity is a major part of the social service industry. It is very common for minorities to seek help from social service professionals, and they must be prepared to provide fair and equal assistance to each recipient. All cultures and diversities require different types of assistance; however, help should be provided with respect to all groups and cultures. Slide 5 – Integrity: Social service professionals are held to a high code of ethics both in and out of the workplace. These standards should be upheld at all times through positive behaviors as well as being honest and reliable and using good judgment in every situation. Building the integrity of the profession through acquiring skills and education acquired ultimately lead to new variations of help to those in need. Professionals working in this field understand that integrity is important; however, upholding a high level of integrity at all times takes a special type of character that many people cannot sustain. Other behavioral traits such as trustworthiness and reliability ensure that we are doing the right things regarding work, our personal life, and any other area of living. Without moral and ethical standards, we would find it difficult to maintain honest, reliable behavior. Slide 6 – My Thoughts Duty to Others: Even though social service is obligated to “duty to others”, we should also discuss to “duty to self”. Duty to self is having and using moral values to ensure that a sense of self respect and self worth is applied to all we do. Slide 7 – My Thoughts Competence: I consider competence to be the most important professional trait an individual can possess. Making good decisions and doing my job to the best of my ability shows both my employer and clients my high level of competency. Slide 8 – My Thoughts Integrity: I feel that showing honorable qualities in all I do will help ensure that I follow a good and righteous path through life. If I practice social service work in an honest, selfless manner, I will be confident that I am performing my job to the best of my capabilities, and; therefore, giving recipients the highest quality assistance. Slide 9 – Jean Paul Sartre (1905 1980): JeanPaul Sartre was a philosopher of both existentialism and phenomenology. His ideas about self and morality relate greatly to the principles of duty to self and duty to others. Sartre believed that the choices we make for ourselves will ultimately affect what we give to others (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 180). I agree with this idea in the aspect that social service workers must possess solid moral and ethical standards, because they way they live their lives and treat others will make a direct impact on how they do their job and help others. The quote from Sartre, “I choose myself perpetually,” supports the duty to others and duty to self principles by suggesting that we as individuals are in a constant state of developing our identity, our morals, and our ethics. He also believed that once we determine something to be good for ourselves, we determine it to be good for others as well (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 181). Slide 10 – Mark Halfon: I can relate to Mark Halfon’s viewpoints in terms of both my everyday life and my work life. He had very good ideas regarding integrity and morality within the workplace. Halfon stated, “…embrace a moral point of view that urges them to be conceptually clear, logically consistent, apprised of relevant empirical evidence, and careful about acknowledging as well as weighing relevant moral considerations. Persons of integrity impose these restrictions on themselves since they are concerned, not simply with taking any moral position, but with pursuing a commitment to do what is best” (Integrity, 1989). Slide 11 – Aristotle (384 – 322 B.C.E.): Aristotle had brilliant ideas about knowledge and logic. According to Aristotle’s Theory of Knowledge, “Chains of related things can build up a composite picture of things based on cause and effect, on subject and object, on possibility and actuality. This kind of thinking works well in the changing, imperfect world of which we humans are so much a part” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 73). This theory suggests how variables such as cause and effect can influence the decisions we make in the workplace. Knowledge, education, and experience must be recognized as the main factors in developing a social service worker’s level of competence. Slide 12 – Conclusion: Today I have presented the principle moral obligations and philosophical views associated with working as a social services professional. I have explained the importance of having duty to self before an individual can provide competent duty to others. The character traits and experiences of a social services professional are the main aspect of having duty to self, while knowledge and education ensure that competent duty to self is supported. As humans, we will never reach perfection, but nothing is stopping us from striving to achieve the goals we set for ourselves and contributing as much as possible to society.
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