PHI 105 Week 5 Appendix C - Ethical Decisions Scenario Analysis
PHI 105 Week 5 Appendix C - Ethical Decisions Scenario Analysis
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Date Created: 11/17/15
Axia College Material Appendix C Ethical Decisions Scenario Analysis For each of the following scenarios answer the questions and explain whether your answers t with traditional or modern ethical thinking After you have nished responding to the scenarios discuss whether you generally make ethical decisions using a traditional or a modem ethical model Provide an example using an experience you have had in your daily life Scenario One You are a manager at your current company You receive a call requesting a character reference for an employee you know to be unreliable and dishonest but who has not broken any rule directly a What should you tell the prospective employer b What type of information would you tell the prospective employer c How would what you share be to your advantage or disadvantage Response to Questions a As manager I would be obligated to tell the prospective employer only factual information about the employee I could not state my opinions regarding the employee being unreliable and dishonest if no policies were broken and there isn39t a record of any wrongdoing on the employee39s part b Since this is a character reference only charactertype information should be given In this instance the character reference may include the positive qualities that the employee possesses I would try very hard to be positive You can usually nd something good to say about an individual c An advantage of the information I share would be the protection of my company and my job by adhering to the law and not giving the prospective employer unsuitable information The disadvantage that may come from the information I share is that the prospective employer may hire the employee and have the same issues with the employee that my company did From a legal standard I would not be able to warn the prospective employer against hiring the employee Scenario Two Mike is currently enrolled in a challenging course His personal life is also unusually complicated by his seriously ill mother who lives out of state Mike receives an email from an individual who has taken this course previously and who Mike knows did reasonably well in it In the email the individual offers Mike for a fee all the course assignments discussion question responses and CheckPoint answers a How should Mike reply to his friend b What are the positive and negative consequences of accepting this offer c What are the positive and negative consequences of refusing this offer Response to Questions a It would be ethically wrong for Mike to accept his friend s offer so he should politely decline the offer b There does not seem to be any positive consequences of Mike accepting his friend s offer There are several negative consequences of accepting the offer First Mike would not learn as much about the subject matter as he would if he did his own work Second school policy states that students must do their own work and there is a very good chance that Mike would get in a lot of trouble or expelled for plagiarism c The positive consequences of Mike refusing his friend s offer would be the pride and con dence that Mike would gain from completing his own work Also Mike will not have to worry about any negative consequences that would arise from being caught plagiarizing The negative consequences for Mike should be minimal after refusing his friend39s help if he accepts responsibility for his own work and does his best Mike may have to take a temporary break from school to deal with other issues but the decision to do so may very well prove to be a wise one in the future Scenario Three You are a politician involved in a hotly contested race to retain your seat on the city commission The political issues are important to you but allegations have been raised that your opponent is leaving his wife for a younger woman These allegations are unproven Your campaign advisors have urged you to release this information to help your campaign a What moral and ethical considerations come into play when making this decision b What are the positive and negative consequences of using the information c What are the positive and negative consequences of not using the information Response to Questions a The moral and ethical considerations revolve around what is right and what is wrong when it comes to serving the public I would want to run the race as legitimately as possible It would be ethically wrong to sabotage my opponent two wrongs don39t make a right b I really don39t see one positive consequence that would arise if I were to use the negative and unproven information I may win the election but I would always know that what I did was wrong The negative consequences would vary Using the allegations against my opponent could in uence the level of respect that my staff members have for me Using the information could also back re and cause me to lose the race The knowledge of my wrongdoing would play into future decisions and profoundly affect my self respect c A negative consequence of not using the information against my opponent may be the loss of the election but that is not really a negative consequence because I would know that I ran an honest and digni ed race Keeping my integrity and self respect is very important to me Re ection Question Discuss whether you generally make ethical decisions using a traditional or a modern ethica model Provide an example using an experience you have had in your daily life I am de nitely more of a traditional type of decision maker where treating others with respect and honesty is very important to me As stated previously I do not feel that two wrongs make a right I also feel that the modern way of thinking is helpful especially when dealing with modernday issues Most of my decisions are made based upon my personal de nition of right and wrong My personal code of ethics will always be a driving force in both my daytoday and life changing decisions I am a bartenderserver in a restaurant A few months ago a customer dropped their wallet on the oor by the bar I found the wallet when l was straightening the chairs around the bar opened it and discovered that it was full of cash I was the only employee in the building at this time and could have easily taken the money but instead I got the owner39s name off of their driver39s license and looked up their address and phone number I called the owner and left a message on their voicemail stating that I had found their wallet and how to reach me They later called elated that I found their wallet and explaining that they didn39t even know the wallet was gone until much later in the evening and may have never called the restaurant to see if we had found it It felt so good to have this person thank me from the bottom of their heart and tell me that I am a good person