MGT 437 Week 4 Individual Assignment - Team Creation Paper
MGT 437 Week 4 Individual Assignment - Team Creation Paper
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Date Created: 11/18/15
Running head: TEAM CREATION PAPER 1 Team Creation Paper MGT/437 April 12, 2010 Patricia Dues Team Creation Paper 2 Team Creation Paper Successful teams are built by selecting appropriate team members for a project and assigning specific orders to decrease the chance of conflicts arising within a team. Initiating enjoyable activities that provide employees the ability to get to know each other will build a bond and promote team unity which will also help to build the morale of the team members. Cohesiveness must be present to assure the team achieves the goals of the project. When an individual feels that he or she is truly a part of a team, more thought and consideration will be placed on completing the project. Team Member Selection In order to create a successful team, members should be selected to a project and assigned specific roles based on skill level and experience. Assigning roles based on skill level will ensure that the strengths of each member are being used to create optimal results. This will allow each team member to recognize that his or her specific work contributed rather than a mere opinion that was used to complete the task. This will also alleviate the tendency for one individual to complete the majority of an assignment. A sense of completion is important for the continued success of a team. When selecting members for a project team it is important to imply those “based on all facets of the project” (Kerzner, 2006). Therefore, each team may have a wide variety of individuals from different backgrounds. It is important to learn and understand each individual's personal history to find the best possible fit to create a dynamic team environment. When developing a team, diversity can be a factor that contributes to a successful team, which is currently known to be one of the most important challenges facing today's businesses. Importance must be placed on implementing teambuilding strategies in order to decrease the Team Creation Paper 3 chance of conflicts arising within a team. Team cohesiveness must be present in order for the team to be successful. Individuals who are a part of a unified team value the relationships that have formed and strive to maintain the positive work environment that exists. When an individual believes he or she is truly a part of a team, more thought and consideration will be placed on completing the project. TeamBuilding Strategies Some team building strategies most often considered include utilizing as many resources are available, identifying and defining key roles and objectives, define team roles and responsibilities, schedule regular meetings, encourage responsibilities, scheduling time limits and constraints, as well as acknowledging differences and conflicts openly (HRshopper.com, 2005). There are many resources available to help implement a successful team. As a project manager it is important to provide an environment favorable to teamwork. Potential Areas of Conflict There are often potential areas of conflict within a diverse project team.“Conflict is fundamental to complex task management” (Kerzner, 2006, p. 148). Conflicts can consist of a disagreement of opinion to personality differences. Conflict management techniques such as avoidance, accommodation, and compromise can help teams handle conflicts as they arise. The dynamics of each team will be unique. A successful team member will know how to function well with others to resolve conflicts. Not all groups and teams will automatically collaborate well with each other. In project management, potential areas of conflict often include project priorities, administrative procedures, technical tradeoffs, staffing, schedules, and simply the diverse personalities of team members (Mantel & Meredith, 2006). Team Creation Paper 4 Reducing the Probability of Dysfunctional Conflict Meetings are an important part to mitigating destructive or dysfunctional conflict. Conducting effective team meetings show that the time the team members spend in the meeting place is an effective use of each person's time. Meetings can be focused on information sharing, brainstorming a problem, resolving a problem, or decision making. Meetings can also be used to collaborate and share information from one person to the group. The meeting time can also be used to reiterate team ground rules as well as time to give each other constructive feedback, and review actual results compared to the objectives or goals. With all the prevention in the world, there will still be problems and having a plan to resolve conflicts will be the final chapter in the best practices packet around the team environment. Conflict Resolution Techniques: When Conflict Arises Project managers must be capable of resolving conflict and improving overall project performance. When conflicts arise within a project there are techniques for reducing the probability of dysfunctional conflict . Many of these techniques are often used; however, it is most popular in project management for project managers to establish more of a negotiation technique to establish a winlose situation to a winwin situation. Methods of principled negotiations are to separate the people from the problem, focus on interests, not positions, before trying to reach agreement, invent options for mutual gain, and insist on using objective criteria (Mantel & Meredith, 2006). Implementing teambuilding exercises can help to develop bonds and unity within the team. If the team is unable to function, conflict resolution techniques must be used. One of the key elements in resolving conflict is to focus on a winwin solution. In conjunction with the win Team Creation Paper 5 win approach, another solution is to develop good listening skills. Listen to each side of the conflict, repeat what you think you heard, ask questions, and summarize the problem and the desires of each person. When the issue causing the conflict is clear to everyone involved it is easier to get to a winwin solution. In a time of conflict, the potential for emotions to run high is always there. Managing emotions will help focus the conflict away from "the other person" and on to you. Making statements such as "I feel like the communication could be spread to a wider audience" is much more pleasant and less confrontational than "You did not communicate effectively and to the right audience". Lastly, getting both sides of the conflict to understand the other side and to work toward negotiation and mediation will help to achieve the ultimate goal of a winning solution for both sides. Team Creation Paper 6 Reference Kerzner, H. (2006). Project Management a Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling (9th ed.). New York, NY: Wiley. Meredith, J. R., & Mantel, Jr., S. J. (2006). Project Management a Managerial Approach (6th ed.). New York, NY: Wiley. Excellent job with the paper! You are a very good writer! Total points = 5 points
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