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UNCC - ANTH 1101 - Intro to Anthropology, Test 2 Study Guide - Study

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UNCC - ANTH 1101 - Intro to Anthropology, Test 2 Study Guide - Study

School: University of North Carolina - Charlotte
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Anthropology
Professor: Gregory Starrett
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: intro to anthropology, anth 1101, ANTH, and Anthro
Name: Intro to Anthropology, Test 2 Study Guide
Description: In-depth study guide on the second test of the semester, based on material from weeks 7 through 12 of class.
Uploaded: 03/31/2016
0 5 3 11 Reviews
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background image   Intro to Anthropology – Professor Starrett – Test 2 Study Guide   
 
Highlight = Important Principle            Highlight = Important Concept           Highlight = Key Term   
 
Society, Culture, Social Organization  Emile Durkheim – compared society to an organism; proposed the theory of social 
organization 
organismic analogy  i.  structure and function 
a.  a structure observable trough action 
i.  social facts  1.  manners of acting, thinking, and feeling 
2.  external to the individual 
3.  are invested with coercive force 
4.  exercise control over the individual 
b.  emergent properties – qualities or characteristics of a system that are not shared  by the elements that make them up, only by the elements in a group  i.  transcendent  ii.  pre-existing  ii.  what does culture do for society? 
a.  establishes boundaries 
i.  external  ii.  internal  1.  race/ethnicity 
2.  gender 
3.  socioeconomic class 
b.  establishes identifications with a group 
c.  establishes expectations 
i.  how to be happy  1.  social order – content with their lot; convinced they have no right  to more  d.  structures thought and perception  i.  anomaly – something that falls out of our normal societal expectation;  studied by Mary Douglas  1.  we deal with anomalies by  a.  re-categorizing them 
b.  controlling them 
c.  avoiding them 
d.  labelling them as “dangerous” 
background image   totem – represents members of a group  language in culture and social interactions  tag questions – a question following a statement or fact  modal – asks for information  affective – manages interactions between people              - facilitative – initiates an interaction 
 
     - softener – lessens the force of a command  most women use facilitative  most men use modal  interruptions and overlaps  overlap – a mistake in conversational turn-taking  interruption – breaking into someone else’s turn and taking over  -same-sex conversations had the same amount of overlaps and interruptions 
between speakers 
-in opposite-sex conversations almost all overlaps and interruptions   
between men and women were made by men 
ethnocentrism – the opinion that one’s own way of life is natural or correct and, indeed, 
the only true way of being fully human 
cultural relativism – understanding another culture in its own terms sympathetically 
enough so that the culture appears to be a coherent and meaningful design for living 
 
Foraging/Hunting and gathering 
foragers  diet – food found in their environment (fruit, berries, nuts, roots, hunted 
animals) 
social life – egalitarian (every member of the band is seen as socially equal)  roles in !Kung society  men provide meat, 40% or less of all calories consumed by a band  women provide almost all plant food, 60% or more of all calories consumed by a 
band  
band – small social group  subsistence – getting what one needs to survive  !Kung birth control – 44 month gap between children (on avg.)  post-partum sex taboos (a couple cannot have sex for a year after the birth of 
their child) 
abortifacients  infanticide 

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School: University of North Carolina - Charlotte
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Anthropology
Professor: Gregory Starrett
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: intro to anthropology, anth 1101, ANTH, and Anthro
Name: Intro to Anthropology, Test 2 Study Guide
Description: In-depth study guide on the second test of the semester, based on material from weeks 7 through 12 of class.
Uploaded: 03/31/2016
6 Pages 60 Views 48 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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