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Exam 5 Study Guide

by: KatieNotetaker

Exam 5 Study Guide SOC 1523

GPA 3.43

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Here is all of the information from chapter 6, chapter 11, and the notes about public education. Hope it helps!
Social Problems
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by KatieNotetaker on Wednesday November 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 1523 at University of Oklahoma taught by Clay in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.


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Date Created: 11/18/15
Exam 5 Review 11/10/2015 3:39:00 AM Chapter 6 The study of social stratification Inequalities  Social stratification o Based on class  Education, income, and wealth  We can see in societies around the world the different strata  Society is stratified o Attempt to answer the question: Who gets what and why?  The things society has that will motivate people or will put people in the position to seek these things  The what are the social rewards (the things people fight over and result in conflict)  Power  If in this position, you can make people do things  Property  Income and wealth  Prestige  Status  Why? Know dominant trends (pg. 187)  Growing inequalities  The current economic system is one in which you get super rich or you lost out… no in between  Winner take all economy  If in top 20%, you’re living well  In common wealth disparities, the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer  Comparing top 10% o Income o In US, top 10% get 50% of our national income  A growing % of the poor are working  In the US, 21% of all children live in poverty o More than 1 in 5  1.35 million children are homeless  great disparities in race and poverty as it relates to minority groups meaning of GDP  Gross domestic product  9 trillion dollars: GDP of US  400 richest Americans: they are worth about 1 trillion dollars  globally: many of the top 10%, they have more wealth than majority of nations in the world stratification globally  20% of worlds population live in the developed or wealthy nations  compared to bottom 20%, they have 15% more income each year than the richer people  world wide, there are 160 billionaires, 2 million millionaires  100 million people who are homeless  400 million are severely malnourished (brink of starvation) pg. 189  equality of opportunity o vast majority of Americans believe in this o one of our core values  equality of outcome o don’t believe as much pg. 189  the rich o top 1% of US: controls 33% of our national wealth o other 99%: competing for 67% of our national wealth o top quintile (20%) compared to bottom 20%: top 20% control 50% of national income, bottom 20% have about 5% of our national income The welfare state  The social safety net  If country devotes a certain % of GDP to help people  Assistance to poorest The New Deal under Pres Roosevelt  Beginning of SSI The wealth fare state  Part of GDP that helps the wealthiest  Assistance to richest  We give more assistance to the rich than the poor  Figure 6-1 pg. 191 o Corporate income taxes as part of our GDP o 1940s, 50, 60, 70, and since the 80s o 1940s: corporate taxes were 6.5% of our GDP o 1950s: 5.5% of GDP o 1960s: 4.5% of GDP o 1970s: 3.5% of GDP o since 1980: 2% of GDP 1977-2005 (fig 6-1)  extremes: the quintile at lowest and highest rank o 1977: 74,000…………? o 2005: 166,000………19,000 fig 6-2 (pg. 192)  bottom 1/5 compared to top 1% pg.192  who are the poor in the US? o Almost 20% of the poor are children o Another 10% are people over 65 years old The feminization of poverty  75% of the poor in US are either women or children Working poor  People who have jobs, but they still fall below the poverty line  Economy of US o Most jobs now are service jobs  Waitresses  Waiters  Cooks  People who work in hotels  Serve the working poor  Offer no benefits at all  Severely poor in the US Severely poor  Abject poverty  50% of official poverty  barely getting by  1975-2010  1975: % of ppl living in severely poor was 30%  2010: 43% Official poverty line  The market basket formula o Started in 1960s o We calculate the family food budget o Determine what it takes to feed people X 4 Child poverty in US  Only country with highest rate is Russia  Figure 6-7  Russia: 27%  US: 21%  Canada:  Ireland:  Switzerland:  Australia:  Sweden: 3.4% Pg. 201-202  Poverty as it relates to rural areas and suburbs  Growth in poverty in suburbs Event property Poor perceptions of US of the poor (pg. 204)  Myths about poverty  Stats don’t bear out the myths Public Education Purposes of public education  Rhode Island in 1840s  Americans distrust the government  There’s always been blame Thomas Jefferson  First person to implement public education  Common schools and public ed is the same  Everyone had access to them as long as you were white  In order to have democracy you had to have an educated citizenship  Wealthy and elite white people  Didn't create pub schools for another 30-40 years Horris Mann  Founder of American public schools  Believed we should have pub schools and equal opportunity to succeed  Pub schools should be the great equalizer  Still hold these ideas today American Core Values  Belief in the US Jefferson and Mann both believed no matter what status you were born into, you should have the opportunity to rise in the social economic system Noah Webster  Public schools should create a distinct American identity  Think of ourselves as being American primarily  Changed a lot of words from English to American English Early 1900s  Huge influx in immigrants into US o Immigration was a big issue  People who did not speak English  Had different religion other than Protestantism  The New Immigrants o Came from rural farm backgrounds  Public schools was tasked with a huge responsibility o Take this large group of urban immigrants and through pub schools would learn this American identity o Learning values of the US 1960s  US pub school system was tasked when tackling social problems o Race o Gender  President Johnson (LBJ) called the Great Society 1957  US was engaged in the Cold War  Nuclear War  Storm shelters  Alarming event o Launching of Sputnik  The first satellite launched into orbit  Russia launched it  Caused alarm in US  US thought we were losing Cold War  Bc US students were not learning science and math  Launched a new era in pub schools where emphasis was on science and math 1983  US economy at a low o Good cars were coming out of Japan o US was putting out cars that broke down o Bc of our public schools were to blame o Ushered the end of the New era in education  US pub schools have one mission  To keep US competitive economically  Began in early 80s  “The bottom line of education”  cannot look at profit margin but we can look at standardized test scores  problem: US aims pub education on stand tests on math and science and everyone is educated to go to college Chapter 11 Dominant trends  Hs dropout vs hs degree o $200,000 life time earnings  No child left behind policy?  Know diff btw education attainment and educational achievement o The gaps have lowered over the years o Attainment: # of years achieved in school o Achievement: how well you do on standardized tests  Trend towards more and more education to the extent that student gets their credentials  Base year: 1940-2010  1940: 20% of Americans graduated from HS o about 4% of Americans graduated from college  2010: about 27% of Americans have a college degree  cost of college tracked over time: over last 20 yrs cost of college education has increased by 5%  Debt in college students o May have $250,000 in loans  Gov spends less and less money on pub ed TIMMS Study  Compare US students to students of other countries  Problems: o Betray US students as being idiots o We educate more students than any other country  99% of all Americans age 5-15 are in school most important supreme court cases on education in US race is a huge problem in US 1896  Plessy Vs. Ferguson o Separate and equal o Supreme court looked at this and questioned whether they were equal o Illegal in OK and 17 others to have schools with black and white students  Illegal for blacks to attend grad school in 1850s Brown vs Board of Education  Unconstitutional  Pub schools should make every effort to immigrate schools Segregation Race  More segregated today than 1954  97% of ____ are minority students 1896  constitutional 1991  OK oublic schools  Pub schools were no longer responsible to immigrate?? (can not hear him) 2007  Pub schools could no longer use race to place students in public schools Human Capital  How much we invest in our children regarding education  ____ School project?? o Historical precedent to head start Humanism  Progressive education  Educate old people? 11/10/2015 3:39:00 AM 11/10/2015 3:39:00 AM


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