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Towson - FORL 221 - Class Notes - Week 10

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Towson - FORL 221 - Class Notes - Week 10

School: Towson University
Department: Foreign Language
Course: British Literature to 1798
Professor: K. Attie
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: The Early Seventeenth Century, John Donne, and george herbert
Name: Week 8 Notes
Description: The Early Seventeenth Century: John Donne, George Herbert
Uploaded: 03/31/2016
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background image The Early Seventeenth Century 1.        Style Metaphysical Conceit
­ A far­fetched, surprising, ingenious metaphor that links different domains such as:
a. The concrete and the abstract
b. The material and the spiritual 
c. The lowly and the lofty 
d. The sexual and the sacred
Switch from Petrarchan copies 
­ originality of thought
­ intimacy of characters (same space)
­ post­sexual satisfaction in some cases
­ more involved female roles John Donne 2.        The Flea Donne’s Background 
­ Marriage to Ann More: 
“parents grudge” (14) Plot
­ Male speaker asking his beloved for sex
­ Flea bites the two of them  blood intermingling
a. Background: belief that sex also causes blood mixture  ­ Female action a. Kills the flea:  “cruel and sudden, hast thou since / Purpled thy nail in the blood of 
innocence” (19­20)
b. States that the flea does not represent them as a couple:  “find ‘st not thy self nor me the weaker now” (24) ­ Sex as more innocent (like the flea) Style
­ Metapoetic element
“Mark but this flea, and mark in this” (1) ­ Carpe diem poem similarity (longing, call for action) a. BUT not limited time ­ Petrarchan poem similarity  b.  BUT the lovers know each other well (she is in the habit of refusing his  advances) ­ Metaphysical conceit 1
background image a. Sacred: religious imagery “sacrilege, three sins in killing three” (18) b. Sexual: sexual desires “Yet this enjoys before it woo” (7) ­ Metaphysical Conceit 2 a. Lofty: marriage: specific
b. Lowly: flea: abstract
Marriage temple/sacred space: “The flea is you and I, and this / our marriage 
bed and temple is (12­13)
3. The Sun Rising Plot
­ Morning­after (sex) poem: desire for the continuation of languishing with partner 
rather than dealing with daily working life ­ Sexual – political conquest  “She is all the states, and all princes I” (21) Style
­ NOT carpe diem: Wants to slow time (rather than seize the day)
“months, which are the rags of time” (10) ­ BUT Petrarchan “If her eyes had not blinded thine” (15) – like the sun ­ Microcosm (the bedroom)  4.        A Valediction: Forbidden Mourning Donne’s Background
­ Difficult situation of his traveling to another continent and leaving wife behind
Style
­ Metaphysical context
a. Trepidation of spheres/shaking of the heavens  “But trepidation of the spheres” (11) b. Their love is pure and thus transcends the bounds of earth c. Comparison: compasses and lovers’ souls  5.        To His Mistress Going to Bed  (Note: we did not read this in class; we merely covered the basics of it) Plot
­ The narrator wants his lover to do a striptease
­ Narrator claims her bodily territory 

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School: Towson University
Department: Foreign Language
Course: British Literature to 1798
Professor: K. Attie
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: The Early Seventeenth Century, John Donne, and george herbert
Name: Week 8 Notes
Description: The Early Seventeenth Century: John Donne, George Herbert
Uploaded: 03/31/2016
4 Pages 9 Views 7 Unlocks
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