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Test 2 Study Guide

by: Kaylin Wallen

Test 2 Study Guide HY 103

Kaylin Wallen
GPA 3.2

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These are the notes from the last test we had in class
American Civilization to 1865
Dr. Brasher
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 30 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaylin Wallen on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HY 103 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Brasher in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see American Civilization to 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 03/31/16
Test 2 Review Why Independence? What made King                      unwilling to deal with the Americans? Explain and understand the battle of Lexington and Concord What did Paul Revere say? Why did colonies send militia units to Boston after Lexington and Concord? Why didn’t the south send militia units to Boston? Explain and understand the importance of the battle of Ticonderoga  Who led the “Green Mountain Boys?” What was fort Ticonderoga later used for? Test 2 Review Understand the importance of the battle of Bunker Hill Why were the American soldiers told, “don’t fire till you see the whites of their eyes?” What percent of casualties did the British suffer after the battle of Bunker Hill? Why was the 2  Continental Congress torn about what to do after the battle of Lexington  and Concord? Who was more conservative (far right) in leaving the British empire and what did he  believe? Who was more liberal (far left) in leaving the British empire and what did he believe? Who agreed with him? Name the 4 ways the Continental Congress started to form their own government What were the three qualities the leader of the army must have? And who did they  appoint? Test 2 Review What was the petition called that was sent to parliament and what did it say?  What was the petition that was sent to the King and what did it say? What was the reaction of parliament and the King to the petitions? And why did they  react this way? How did the colonies react to this? What was Lord Dunmore’s proclamation?  What was the impact of Dunmore's proclamation? Who wrote Common Sense? And how did he get the job? Test 2 Review What was the style and tone of Common Sense? How was it written? What was the argument against Common Sense?  What are the two flaws of the mixed monarchy and aristocracy in England? What were the solutions to the flawed government? (hint: there are four) Why did a war that started out as rights as Englishmen turn into a fight for Independence? Test 2 Review Lecture 2: The Revolution on The Battlefield; How do the Patriots win? What was the military outlook of the British at the start of the war and why? What was the plan of British strategy #1? Was there success? Why or why not? What were the problems the British faced with strategy #1? (Hint: there are 5) What shows how much of failure British Strategy #2 was? Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Why was it written? Test 2 Review What is the Declaration of Independence? What did the initial draft say about slavery and why was it ultimately eliminated from the Declaration of Independence? What effect did this have on the future issue of slavery? What were the stakes of the declaration of Independence?  When was the Declaration approved and when was it signed?  Explain the military reasons why the Patriots won the American Revolution  What was the plan for Strategy #2? Test 2 Review In what ways was Strategy #2 a success?  What were the problems with Strategy #2? What was the typical military strategy at this time and how was Washington’s different?  Explain what happened at Trenton and Princeton Describe the battle of Saratoga and why it was important Test 2 Review Who should receive credit for the battle of Saratoga? Why? Understand the significance of Valley Forge Understand the significance of Monmouth Who did Washington hire to train his army? In what ways did Strategy #2 fail? What shows how much of a failure S#2 was? Test 2 Review What was the plan for Strategy #3? What people tended to be loyalists? And Why? In what ways was S#3 a success? What were the problems with S#3? What alteration did the British make to S#3? Who was the commander of this operation? Test 2 Review Explain the battle of Yorktown Why did the Patriots win the war? What mistakes did the British make that cost them the revolution? Test 2 Review Why did the Patriots win the war? Lecture 3: Revolutionary Diplomacy; Making a World War Who helped us and why? What was their role in our victory? Test 2 Review What was the impact of the US gaining allies from European countries? What was the treaty that ended the war? Year? What were the terms of the treaty that ended the war? Who got screwed with this treaty? How? Explain the chronology of the Revolutionary war What was the single biggest reason why we won the war? Test 2 Review Lecture 4: The Inner Revolution; How Did it Change Lives? Why did the founders believe that a republican form of government could work when it  had failed in the past?  Why did they need to have a written constitution? What was the process of creating a state constitution?  What were the general features of the state constitutions? Test 2 Review In what ways were the lives of white male landholders changed by the new state  constitutions?  What was the impact of the revolution on slavery? What was the North’s response to the morality of slavery after the Revolution? Why? What was the south’s response?  In what ways did white southerners begin to delude themselves about that nature of  slavery?  What were femme sole and femme covert?  Test 2 Review Why did they consider letting women vote after the Revolution? Why did they ultimately  decide not to?  What were "Republican Mothers?"  How was the status of women changed by the revolution? How did the Revolution change lives? Lecture 5: Why did we get rid of the Articles of Confederation?  When was the Articles of Confederation the official government law? Test 2 Review What were the powers of the Articles? And why did they make it so weak? What few accomplishments were achieved under the Articles?  In general, what was wrong with the Articles?  What specific issues did the country face concerning debt? Trade? Test 2 Review The frontier?  The threat of internal rebellions? Why did the United States ultimately decide to get rid of the Articles of Confederation? Lecture 6: The Constitution as a problem solver Test 2 Review When was the meeting to amend the Articles?  What kinds of different group and interests were at the meeting? Who wasn’t at the meeting and why?  What was the first decision made at this meeting?  What was the second? Test 2 Review What were some of the compromises made during its drafting?  Test 2 Review What efforts were made to make the South happy?  How was slavery made protected by the Constitution?  What powers were given to the Federal government?  How were they limited?  Test 2 Review What was the ratification process after the new constitution was signed? Explain the arguments of the Federalists and anti­Federalists.  Describe how the Constitution was ratified.  Test 2 Review In what specific ways did the Constitution solve many of America's problems during  Washington's presidency? Test 2 Review How did the constitution solve the problems of the Articles of Confederation? Lecture 7: Jeffersonian Republicans and The Federalist Party Did the founding fathers want political parties originally? Why or Why not? What were Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s visions of the future of America? Test 2 Review What was Hamilton’s plan? What were the differences in how Jefferson and Hamilton interpreted the constitution?  What were their views on professional armies?  What led to political parties in the United States?  Test 2 Review What was the one issue that divided the US in a dangerous way? What was the XYZ affair?  What were the Alien and Sedition Acts?  What did Jefferson argue in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolves?  How and why did Adams sacrifice his political career?  Test 2 Review What was the “bloodless revolution” of 1800?  What made it possible for these factions to compete with one another without bloodshed? Test 2 Review Lecture 8: Republicans and the war of 1812 Why was the Federalist party diminishing? What was the one exception? Why? What popular things did Jefferson do that dismantled the Federalist Party agenda? In what ways did Jefferson contradict himself?  What were his most important accomplishments?  Test 2 Review Why did Jefferson send Lewis and Clark to explore the waest? What problems occured during his Presidency in regards to our shipping?  What was Peaceable Coercion?  Who were the War Hawks?  Test 2 Review What were our goals when the War of 1812 began?  What disadvantages hindered us in the war?  How successful was American in fighting the war?  What things did Congress do to more successfully wage the war?  Where did we win our biggest victories and what were their impact?  Test 2 Review What did we gain from the war?  In what ways was this war the final act of the American Revolution?


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