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UT - PSYC 110 - Psychology Exam 3 - Study Guide

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UT - PSYC 110 - Psychology Exam 3 - Study Guide

School: University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology -
Professor: Alexander Khaddouma
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Psychology
Name: Psychology Exam 3
Description: The study guide includes the FULL filled out study guide our professor has provided for us, in-class notes and examples over chapters 10,11,12,14, diagrams, summaries and main points of the readings, and vocabulary terms. It’s also color-coded and covers important points our professor made in class.
Uploaded: 03/31/2016
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background image Exam 3 Study Guide  EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Covers Chapters: 10, 11, 12, 14 ***Red Words = Important Concepts Human Development How do we study development over time? (i.e. longitudinal vs. 
cross-sectional research)
- Longitudinal o Observational research methods in which data is gathered for  the same subjects repeatedly over a period of time o Lasts over years; sometimes decades - Cross-Sectional o Observational study that involves the analysis of data 
collected from a population, or a representative subset, at 
one specific point in time Factors Affecting Pre-Natal Development  - Teratogens Drug or other substance capable of  interfering with the  development  of a fetus, causing birth defects Why do most behaviors that might have a big impact on society 
(e.g. drinking, voting, renting cars) become legally permitted during
young adulthood? (Hint: think brain development) 
1
background image Exam 3 Study Guide  Your body and mind aren’t fully developed. Once you reach a certain age, your body has reached a point at which it will stop 
growing/developing. 
If you drink before your brain has fully developed, you could  cause physical harm to your body Because your brain isn’t fully developed, you might not make  decisions as well as when it is  Categories of parenting (e.g. authoritarian, authoritative, etc.) and 
their effects on child development 
- Authoritarian o Extremely  strict,  unsupportive, and less affectionate  - Authoritative o Middle way between permissive  and authoritarian supportive,  but with clear boundaries and expectations - Permissive  o Lack of rewards or punishments for behavior,  most lenient  - Negligent  o Uninvolved parenting – lack of responsiveness to a child’s  needs  2
background image Exam 3 Study Guide  Piaget’s stages of cognitive development (e.g. sensorimotor, 
concrete operational, etc.) and what skills children master at each 
stage 
- Sensorimotor  o First Stage o Ages: Birth to 2 years o Infants are busy discovering relationships between their  bodies and the  environment o Researchers have discovered infants have  relatively well  developed sensory abilities  o They realize their actions can cause things to happen in the  world around them - Preoperational  o Second stage o Ages: Approx. 2-7 o Children begin to engage in  symbolic play  and learn to  manipulate symbols o Children still  don’t understand concrete logic - Concrete Operational o Third Stage o Ages: 7 to 11 Years o Children begin to think  logically about concrete events o Understand  concept of conversation 3
background image Exam 3 Study Guide  Example: amount of liquid in a short, wide cup is equal 
to a tall, skinny glass
o Thinking becomes more  logical and organized - Formal Operational Stage o Fourth and Final Stage o Ages: 12 and Up o Adolescent/young adult begins to  think abstractly and reason   about  hypothetical  problems o Abstract thought  emerges o Teens consider moral, philosophical, ethical, social and  political beliefs/issues o Use deductive logic Assimilation vs. accommodation and how they might apply to one’s 
life (e.g. getting used to a new routine, putting novel objects into a 
mental category that already exists) 
- Assimilation  o Organizing  new information  into  existing  knowledge structures 4

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School: University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology -
Professor: Alexander Khaddouma
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Psychology
Name: Psychology Exam 3
Description: The study guide includes the FULL filled out study guide our professor has provided for us, in-class notes and examples over chapters 10,11,12,14, diagrams, summaries and main points of the readings, and vocabulary terms. It’s also color-coded and covers important points our professor made in class.
Uploaded: 03/31/2016
19 Pages 46 Views 36 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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