PHL 100 Study Guide
PHL 100 Study Guide PHL 100
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ajané Notetaker on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHL 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Katz, Matthew in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
Craig 1 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 Study Guide for PHL 100 Terms: Be able to give/recognize a basic definition of each of the following. Mental state – Any state of thought, emotion, perception, and sensation Thought ideas, memories, beliefs Emotion fear, joy, anger, sadness, hope Sensation internal physical experiences Perception visual experiences, auditory experiences, olfactory, taste, touch etc Dualism Bodies and minds are different kinds of things: bodies are physical minds are non physical Monism there is only one kind of thing Physicalism there are only physical things Idealism there are only non physical things Leibniz’s Law If “A” and “B” do not have all the same features (properties), than “A” and “B” are not identical (are not the same objet) Mindbrain identity theory – The mind is part of the brain Type brain state types Token different tokens of the same mental state type are indicated to different tokens of the same brain state type. Typeidentity theory mental state types are brain state types Tokenidentity theory – mental state tokens are brain state tokens Logical possibility – imagining something then its logically possible Physical possibility doing something that you think is physically possible (i.e. flapping your arms to fly) Functionalism – mental states are defined by their purpose /functions (they’re institutional in their activity) Craig 2 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 Eliminative Materialism – theory focuses on how folk psychology is entirely false due to common sense mental states like beliefs and desires do not exist! Names: Gertler: argues that the mind cannot be part of the body, so physicalism is false, and dualism is true. Carruthers: What’s wrong with Gertler argument? Sometimes we think we can imagine things that in fact are not logically possible. This happens when we lack important information. The mind is the brain so, it’s actually logically possible for the mind to exist w/out the body. Lycan: yes! Argument: We have as much reason to believe Harry is conscious as we have to believe any human being is conscious (namely all just behavior) What does it mean to say the mind is “private” whereas the body is “public”? Body parts = things that you and everyone else around you can see, it’s for the “public” (arms, legs, heart, brain, liver, feet etc.) Mind = private thoughts, ideas, memories that only you know because no one else can see them, hear them, etc. unless you tell them. What does it mean to say that some mental states are conscious? What is the difference between a thought and an emotion, or a sensation, or a perception? What is dualism? What is monism? What are some different versions of monism? Mental states can be thought of as conscious because of any thought, perception, emotion or sensation being felt at that moment. SEE vocab above for definitions of (thought, perception, emotion etc.) As well as Dualism and Monism. Different versions of monism = idealism and physicalism Idealism: bodies are really just parts of minds which are non physical Physicalism: Minds are really just parts of bodies, which are nonphysical. Craig 3 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 What is an argument in favor of dualism? What are some problems for dualism? How might someone try to solve these problems? An argument for dualism would be Gertler (*Study this/ read on Gertler) What is the mindbrain identity theory? SEE vocab above for Mind brain identity theory What is an argument in its favor? Try and think about the notes we took: Mats pain in his toe on 3/25/16 is cf for activity in his toe on 3/25/16 and Mats pain in his toe…. Is cfiber activity in his toe on 3/25/17 (Hint * which is the same mental state type and which is the same brain state type?) Also think about creatures w/out brains like ours, do they have the same mental state type as us? What are two different versions of this theory, and how do they differ? Type identity theory and token identity theory (SEE vocab above for difference!) What are some problems the identity theory (in general, or the more specific versions) faces? How might someone try to solve these problems? What is the relevance to the identity theory of the idea that non human animals or robots could have mental states like ours? What is the difference between mental state types and mental state tokens? Problems faced could be what makes different tokens of the same mental state type, tokens of the same type? Answer That they serve the same purpose = Functionalism (Hint * Refer back to the answer above for human/ animal mental states like ours and the relevance) What is functionalism? What are some examples of objects that are defined by the functions they serve? What is meant by “function” here; i.e., according to this theory, how is the function of a type of mental state defined? What is a problem for this theory? How might someone try to solve this problem? What is eliminative materialism? Craig 4 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 SEE vocab above! Why would someone think it’s true? What is a problem for this theory? What is the significance of Lycan’s discussion of whether a robot could be conscious or not? How does Lycan argue for this conclusion? For the conclusion Lycan states that never there’s no point studied that would make sense SEE vocab above! Who is Harry, and what role does he play in the argument? Who is Henrietta, and what role does she play in the argument? Harry is a human like relate (Coopers human in every way but internally is made of metal, plastics, etc. Playing the role of whether or not the theory is conscious? Henrietta is human, but is gradually given an entirely synthetic, artificial body. At this point if any does she lose consciousness.
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