New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PHL 100 Study Guide

by: Ajané Notetaker

PHL 100 Study Guide PHL 100

Ajané Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is the study guide to the following exam this coming Mon
Introduction to Philosophy
Katz, Matthew
Study Guide
PHL 100
50 ?




Popular in Introduction to Philosophy

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ajané Notetaker on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHL 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Katz, Matthew in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Central Michigan University.

Similar to PHL 100 at CMU


Reviews for PHL 100 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/31/16
Craig 1 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 Study Guide for PHL 100 Terms: Be able to give/recognize a basic definition of each of the following. Mental state – Any state of thought, emotion, perception, and sensation Thought­ ideas, memories, beliefs  Emotion­ fear, joy, anger, sadness, hope  Sensation­ internal physical experiences Perception­ visual experiences, auditory experiences, olfactory, taste, touch etc Dualism­ Bodies and minds are different kinds of things: bodies are physical minds are non­ physical  Monism­ there is only one kind of thing Physicalism­ there are only physical things Idealism­ there are only non­ physical things Leibniz’s Law­ If “A” and “B” do not have all the same features (properties), than “A” and “B” are  not identical (are not the same objet) Mind­brain identity theory – The mind is part of the brain  Type­ brain state types Token­ different tokens of the same mental state type are indicated to different tokens of the same  brain state type. Type­identity theory ­ mental state types are brain state types Token­identity theory – mental state tokens are brain state tokens Logical possibility – imagining something then its logically possible  Physical possibility­ doing something that you think is physically possible (i.e. flapping your arms to  fly) Functionalism – mental states are defined by their purpose /functions (they’re institutional in their  activity) Craig 2 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 Eliminative Materialism – theory focuses on how folk psychology is entirely false due to common  sense mental states like beliefs and desires do not exist! Names: Gertler: argues that the mind cannot be part of the body, so physicalism is false, and dualism is true. Carruthers: What’s wrong with Gertler argument?   Sometimes we think we can imagine things that in fact are not logically possible. This happens when we lack important information.  The mind is the brain so, it’s actually logically possible for the mind to exist w/out the body. Lycan: yes! Argument: We have as much reason to believe Harry is conscious as we have to believe any human  being is conscious (namely all just behavior) What does it mean to say the mind is “private” whereas the body is “public”?  Body parts = things that you and everyone else around you can see, it’s for the “public” (arms, legs, heart, brain, liver, feet etc.) Mind = private thoughts, ideas, memories that only you know because no one else can see them,  hear them, etc. unless you tell them.  What does it mean to say that some mental states are conscious? What is the difference between a thought and an emotion, or a sensation, or a perception? What is dualism? What is monism? What are some  different versions of monism?  Mental states can be thought of as conscious because of any thought, perception, emotion or  sensation being felt at that moment.  SEE vocab above for definitions of (thought, perception, emotion etc.) As well as Dualism and  Monism. Different versions of monism = idealism and physicalism  Idealism: bodies are really just parts of minds which are non­ physical  Physicalism: Minds are really just parts of bodies, which are non­physical. Craig 3 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 What is an argument in favor of dualism? What are some problems for dualism? How might someone try  to solve these problems? An argument for dualism would be Gertler (*Study this/ read on Gertler) What is the mind­brain identity theory? SEE vocab above for Mind­ brain identity theory  What is an argument in its favor?  Try and think about the notes we took:  Mats pain in his toe on 3/25/16 is c­f for activity in his toe  on 3/25/16 and Mats pain in his toe…. Is c­fiber activity in his toe on 3/25/17 (Hint * which is the same mental state type and which is the same brain state type?) Also think about creatures w/out brains like ours, do they have the same mental state type as us? What are two different versions of this theory, and how do they differ? Type identity theory and token identity theory (SEE vocab above for difference!)  What are some problems the identity theory (in general, or the more specific versions) faces? How might  someone try to solve these problems? What is the relevance to the identity theory of the idea that non­ human animals or robots could have mental states like ours? What is the difference between mental state  types and mental state tokens?  Problems faced could be what makes different tokens of the same mental state type, tokens of the  same type? Answer­ That they serve the same purpose = Functionalism  (Hint * Refer back to the answer above for human/ animal mental states like ours and the  relevance) What is functionalism? What are some examples of objects that are defined by the functions they serve?  What is meant by “function” here; i.e., according to this theory, how is the function of a type of mental  state defined? What is a problem for this theory? How might someone try to solve this problem?  What is eliminative materialism?  Craig 4 Ajane Craig Professor Katz Phl 100 3/31/16 SEE vocab above! Why would someone think it’s true? What is a problem for this theory?  What is the significance of Lycan’s discussion of whether a robot could be conscious or not? How does  Lycan argue for this conclusion? For the conclusion Lycan states that never­ there’s no point studied that would make sense SEE vocab above!   Who is Harry, and what role does he play in the argument? Who is Henrietta, and what role does she play in the argument? Harry is a human like relate (Coopers human in every way but internally is made of metal, plastics, etc. Playing the role of whether or not the theory is conscious? Henrietta is human, but is gradually given an entirely synthetic, artificial body. At this point if any does she lose consciousness.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.