Tuesday, November 19, 2015
Conservation Interventions (Strategies)
Any threat to an ecosystem has more than one feasible intervention. Always more than one. Do not use it as the only solution to the problem.
One is aimed at the head, persuasion and education. Another is prevention and modification of human behaviors.
In the last 20 years the accumulated consensus has come to be that it is important to understand the communication when talking about conservation.
Conservation requires a plan If you want to learn more check out Who are the architects of the parthenon, 447-432 bc?
We also discuss several other topics like How to construct a recursive method?
This is a generic product cycle. The arrows are like a clock advancing. Redefine and choose a new goal or you are done.
Most conservation products go through the cycle many times.
The blue boxes are defined.
Articulate: be able to explain, inspirational long time away
Define C.G.: specific and attainable. Work on daily to help.
Threats: What opposes this. (Obstacles and constraints)
Intervention: abates a threat
Monitoring plan: measure success or failure
Intervene: Do. Act.
Evaluate and Adapt: Change and start again
Look at synonyms on PowerPoint. We need to be able to translate between individuals languages
Assignments that lie ahead:
Foley video that we previously watched articulates a threat.
When a tree falls
Watch videos and really understand their cycle that was just talked about.
We will help you differentiate the elements. Analyze them.
Go backwards in the cycle to understand our steps of completing the goal.
Human Wildlife Conflicts
Wildlife threaten something claimed by people
1. Human welfare goal. Most conservation groups use this as a goal. 2. Protect biodiversity and ecosystem. Very few want to see a species go extinct. Arrows on slide show cause and effect. Don't forget about the age old question of What general pattern describes human heterosexual mating
Bright Red: threats impact human welfare. Humans may be reacting to the animals and it could damage the biodiversity.
Lighter Red: people may not want to conserve these species. Which may lead to humans want to kill animals. They must oppose it to such an extent that they act on it.
These arrows are hypothesis – proposed cause and effect not proven.
Most important thing that came from conservation planning, make conservationists have an explicit conservation hypothesis. They would assert that when humans retaliate against wildlife the biodiversity is harmed (they assumed this).
“We believe” in front of all of it, will lead to doubts. That is why it so important to be explicit. Forcing the conservation planners to be more specific if makes you more efficient in resources and effective in answers.
The team can ask the tough questions.
Direct and indirect
Direct interventions I will directly abate the threats
Indirect if I improve human tolerance for wildlife, people will not oppose conservation Organizations used to pour money into things that were not working hypothesis wise Don't forget about the age old question of Starch can be converted into what?
We will have to build something like this. Colors to distinguish differences. Use structures. Be careful about arrows. Will be based on videos.
Planning to be systematic, there are a lot of conservation options. Wildlife threat and human interest. Humans respond.
Ways to Intervene:
- Barriers (fencing, netting, open areas used as a buffer)
If you decide this class of barriers are interesting to use in the conservation process, you still have a variety of methods. Think of it as a menu (can modify).
- Guards or Supervision (Children, dogs, llamas)
- Deterrents (chemical repellants, light device, etc)
- Reduce awareness of property or people (take away dead horse, use chili’s) - Manipulate other wildlife or habitat (frozen apples for polar bear, supplemental feeding and busy work)
- Lethal controls (form of hunting, poisoning)
- Non-lethal controls – shock collar, trap and relocate
- Create Protected areas –
- Protect wildlife from humans
- Compensation, or insurance (pay for loss of domestic animals) - Sharing and informing (broadcasts, field trips)
- Policies and laws
Comments about it:
We act because we’ve thought. Make sure we are not acting out of habit. Think prior to acting in situations. Question the idea. Videos do not make that very clear.
After thanksgiving- talk about criteria to evaluate interventions.
Think what is compatible. Common sense way.
To be Continued next lecture.