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Chapters 3-4 Study Guide

by: Madison Fansher

Chapters 3-4 Study Guide FR 201

Marketplace > Purdue University > French > FR 201 > Chapters 3 4 Study Guide
Madison Fansher
French 201
Riham Ismail

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French 201
Riham Ismail
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madison Fansher on Sunday November 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to FR 201 at Purdue University taught by Riham Ismail in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see French 201 in French at Purdue University.


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Date Created: 11/22/15
JWGA 10 dictate 34 pm dawn90W Basic Formation Change er verb to ir verb to i and re verb to u Verbs that use tre instead of avoir are naitre mourir rester venir descendre monter arriver partir passer aller entrer sortir revenir devenir rester retourner tomber and rentrer All re exive and objective nouns precede the auxiliary verb Il m a longtemps regard Il s en est all With a preceding direct object the past participle agrees in gender and number with the direct object Elle les a pr sent es d un air contrit Les excuses qu elle a donn es etaient assez compliques With preceding indirect object or en there is no agreement On ne lui a pas fait beaucoup de compliments In the negative Je n ai pas oubli Je ne me suis pas souvenu Interrogative Estce que vous avez voyage Avezvous voyage Irregular Past Participles avoir eu boire bu tre ete croire cru devoir du lire lu pleuvoir plu pouvoir pu recevoir recu savoir su voir vu vouloir voulu mettre mis prendre pris conduire conduit dire dit ecrire ecrit faire fait offrir offert obtenir obtenu craindre craint naitre ne peindre peint Pronominal Verbs Elle s est lav e Il ne s est pas rappel The tense is used to describe complete isolated actions an action completed in a specified period of time an action that happened a specific number of times a series of events or a change in state or condition Some verbs such as descendre monter passer sortir and rentrer take avoir when there is a direct object in the a Construction Nous form of a verb minus ons Endings are ais ais ait ions iez and aient sentence Verbs that end with cer add special c Verbs that end with ger add an extra e Verbs that end with ier have two consecutive i s Example tudiions When do you use the imperfect Habitual actions or states of being physical and emotional descriptions time weather age feelings actions of an unspecified duration background information in conjunction with pass compos e with wishes or desires amtdam When you are describing a person for example their profession just use il est un elle est une unless the noun is modified by an adjective then use c est Example Ma cousine est pilote Ma cousine est une pilote c lebre Additional uses for c est masculine adjective referring to an idea c est cher proper noun c est Marc disjunctive pronoun c est moi noun being identified c est une marionette Additional uses for il estelle est adjective referring to a particular person or thing preposition of a location 0 g 2 2 Possessive adjectives agree with the possessor in terms of meaning and with the oobject in terms of gender and number Feminine singular object beginning with a vowel or silent h require the masculine form M F P Equivalent mon ma mes my ton ta tes your son sa ses hishers notre notre nos our votre votre vos you leur leur leurs their euX euse In general add an s to make a word plural if ive Adjectives that end in s or X are automatically plural el elle eau changes to eauX when plural il ille al changes to auX when plural on onne Adjective Position Words such as autre nouveau beau joli os osse jeune vieuX mauvais bon vilain gros grand petit long as asse gentil are placed before the noun en enne er ere Adjectives with no regular pattern et ete douX douce sweet et ette fauX fausse false c che favori favorite favorite c que frais fraiche fresh eur eure or euse or rice long longue long sec seche dry Some adjectives change their meaning according to their placement Before After In some situations adjectives remain Ancien Former Ancient unchanged in relation to the noun Certain Certain Sure Qualified color colors that are also nouns Cher Dear Expensive snob chic bon marche Dernier Final Last Some adjectives such as complet concret Grand Great BigTall discret inquit secret just add an e for the Meme Same Very feminine version Pauvre Poor Penniless Prochain Next in a series Next coming up Propre Own Clean Seul Only Solitary WWWM VW Je me couche Tu te couches IlElleOn se couche Nous nous couchons Vous vous couchez IlsElles se couchent In the negative Nous ne nous couchons pas In the interrogative Tappellestu Marie or Estce que tu t appelles Marie In the infinitive Je vais me reposer pensant quelques minutes Nous allons nous pr parer a sortir 03W WWW This method is prefered when making comparisons or contrasts Possessive pronouns agree with both the possessor and the person or object possessed Masculine S Masculine P Feminine S Feminine P Equivalent le mien les miens la mienne les miennes mine le tien les tiens la tienne les tiennes yours le sien les siens la sienneles siennes hishers le notre les notres la notre les notres ours le votre les votres la votre les votres yours le leur les leurs la leur les leurs theirs The usual contraction of a and de occur with the definite article preceding the pronoun Estce que tu as ecrit aux tiens Estce qu il a eu des nouvelles du sien 034940 glow WWW Whenever it is clear that an action had been completed prior to another past action in the same period the plusque parfait must be used EG I had To form the plus que parfait put the imperfect tense of avoir or etre before the passe compos e se debrouiller get along se renseigner ask about quelquefois sometimes les conges the holidays l essence gasoline la douane customs W Les Transports Train the train has been taken since 2000 it is very fast predominantly used by travelers but the french use the train to get to different regions Airbus a giant plane that can carry up to 555 passengers Les rapports entre parents et enfants It is very much the parents duty to make French children a good part of society They will reprimand their children in front of guests or strangers The parent is always right a child would not question their parent La revolution francaise Financial crisis lots of taxes stormed the bastille changed from monarchy to a republic La famjlle French women are haVing less children because they are professionals and are more independent


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