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Exam #3 Study Guide

by: Ashleigh Schneider

Exam #3 Study Guide THFM 4600

Ashleigh Schneider
GPA 3.4
Period, Style, and Form
Margaret McCubbin

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About this Document

This study guide contains information on the art and architecture from the Revival Art period to the Post-WWII period, as well as facts on African and Chinese art. Structured well and extremely det...
Period, Style, and Form
Margaret McCubbin
Study Guide
period, style, form, exam, study, guide
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashleigh Schneider on Saturday November 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to THFM 4600 at Bowling Green State University taught by Margaret McCubbin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Period, Style, and Form in Theatre at Bowling Green State University.


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Date Created: 11/28/15
PERIOD STYLE AND FORM EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Slide Hints 0 PaintingSculpture 0 NeoclassicalRomantic I Neoclassic 19th century may have exotic subject but very crisp lines and a polished finish to the painting cooler more intellectual I Romantic 19th century usually exotic andor dramatic warmer more emotional a certain amount of fuzziness in the backgrounds and edges 0 Realism I 19th century will only paint what is in front of them banal subject matter 0 PreRaphaeliteArt Nouveau I PreRaphaelite often luminous highly detailed with romantic subject matter the look of an illustration may be moralistic ideal woman Jane Burden I Art Nouveau curving swirling lines in primary style second style angular 0 Impressionism I Forms defined by light may be dissolved by light calm more static they paint only what they see a blob is a blob not a leaf ash of light compositional style 0 PostImpressionism Classicist Romantic I Classicist playing with the techniques of Impressionism and pushing them further atter more abstract I Romantic atter less defined light source more emotional andor mythic 0 PreWWII I Fauvism color used in odd and unexpected ways less realistic I Expressionism more negative emotions less realistic I Cubism image split into multiple views shown simultaneously I Geometric Abstraction defined squares and rectangles of color I Futurist movementbased I Social Realism social commentary of the everyday world mostly 20s and 30s that we looked at I Dadaist readymades antiart 0 Surrealist includes metaphysical bizarre imagery 0 Abstract Expressionism I Nonfigurative action and color field 0 PostWWII I Pop Art based on commercial art forms American pop culture 0 0 0 I Op Art optical images I Conceptual Art as much intellectual content as form may be political I Environmental site art involving large objects or natural features I Minimalist often simple geometric sculptural forms I PhotoRealism photographic quality superrealism I Kinetic Art sculpture that moves I PostModern plays with multiple art traditions often includes language as a primary component African Japanese I Simple calligraphic style Zen or history with viewer at high elevation Japanese armorsamurai prints of geisha or actors or scenes of nature Chinese I Landscape start below feet of viewer no light source majesty of distant nature 0 Architecture and Interior Design 0 0 Neoclassical I 19th century Greek and Romanlooking Victorian Revival I 19th century revisiting elements in some decorative ways of past eras Gothic Indian Gothic Renaissance NeoBaroque Moorish Revival Victorian Industrial Age I 19th century industrial buildings train stations greenhouselooking structures Art Nouveau I Curvy lines may show organic origins Arts and Crafts I Angular site specific planes intersecting natural woods missionstyle furniture simpler may show Japanese in uence Art Deco I Geometric stylized patterns Organic I Biomorphic freeform concrete natural materials curves International Style I Boxy style glass may function as well PostModern I odd and interesting combinations of forms often referencing past styles may turn traditional forms inside out Pluralism I Newest movement draws from both organic and postmodern without the selfconscious playful referencing 0 African I Varies with area anything from mud construction to wood and straw may show Moorish in uence 0 Japanese I Thatched roofs may have tiled roofs as well square wooden posts wooden oors sliding screens tatami mats castles have gold and silver decorated walls and screens no chairs simple lines 0 Chinese I Round columns tile roofs stone platforms prefer red and complexity Revival ArchitectureDesign Key Concepts 0 Neoclassicism 0 Concerned with generalizing the human experience into universal symbols 0 Architecture I Wanted to create a modern style based solely on research of what was then considered modern art I Believed that the oldest design styles were the best I Palladianism 0 City planning was based on the Roman grid around a central square is implemented 0 Mt Vernon and the United States Capitol are examples of this style 0 Technological developments I Central heating I Hot and cold running water I Sanitary plumbing 0 Gothic 0 Highly popular in England 0 The Houses of Parliament and Strawberry Hill are examples of this style 0 Came to America and was used for public and commercial buildings I Richard Hunt 0 Considered the Father of American Architecture 0 Beaux Arts 0 An approach to architectural design rather than a specific architectural style 0 Furniture 0 Characteristics I Legs tended to be straight or canted and sometimes uted like columns I Sabre legs appear as the back legs offarniture Nineteenth Century Painting Key Concepts 0 The Salon 0 Notable artists I Royal Academy founders I Jacques DaVid 0 Angelica Kauffman I Romantic painters 0 J eanAuguste Dominique Ingres 0 AnneLouis Girodet 0 Theodore Gericault I Gothic painters 0 Francisco Goya 0 John Henry Fuseli I Painted nature I John Constable I William Turner 0 Sculpture 0 Did not try as hard as painting or architecture to follow the Neoclassical ideal 0 The highest form of art was Roman copies of Greek originals 0 Notable sculptors I Antoine Houdon I Canova I Augustus SaintGaudens I Francois Rude I J eanB aptiste CharpeauX I Realism 0 Believed in purity of everyday fact over imaginative fancy 0 Made up of mostly Republicans who wanted to found a new social order with justice for the working class 0 Notable artists I Corot I Courbet I Winslow Homer 0 Notable sculptors Rodin PreRaphaelite to Art Nouveau Key Concepts 0 PreRaphaelite 0 Brotherhood O Traits Made up of concepts including a revolt against the times and an interest in the Middle Ages Part of the Gothic revival with repressed eroticism and an unrealistic urge to fix the evils of society In uenced other artists with their social consciousness and some aspects of their style Painting is characterized by bright color sharply de ned outlines and close attention to detail 0 Notable artists 0 Art Nouveau Dante Gabriel Rossetti John Everett Millais William Holman Hunt Ford Maddox Brown Edward BurneJ ones Arthur Mackmurdo William Morris 0 Took its name from a gallery in Paris 0 Goal was to get rid of the historicizing tradition of academic art and the division between the arts 0 Notable artists Edward Gordon Craig James McNeil Whistler ToulouseLautrec Aubrey Beardsley Alphonse Mucha Gustav Klimt 0 Architecture In uenced by Japanese architecture Emphasis was on designing all elements of an interior to produce a harmonious unity 0 This approach in uenced Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright who were two of the most important architects in the 20th century I Notable architects 0 CA Vorsey Charles Mackintosh Frank Lloyd Wright Hector Guimard Victor Horta Otto Wagner Antonio Gaudi Impressionism Key Terms 0 Impressionism painting in terms of tone rather than in terms of the object itself Key Concepts 0 The Impressionist Period 0 Chose to present the everyday world and landscapes differently from classical or romantic tendencies but this style could result in a loss of form and solidity The Academy I Provided training for artists in acceptable styles The Salon I Started out as a competition room and ended up being a weapon to keep control over younger artists Salon des Refuses I Created by those artists whose work was rejected by the Salon I Was both a success and a failure Notable patrons I Gustave Callibotte I Victor Chocquet Notable artists I Manet I James McNeil Whistler I Claude Monet I Edgar Degas I Auguste Renoir I Berthe Morisot I Mary Cassatt I Winslow Homer PostImpressionism Key Terms 0 Pointillism the application of color in dots of uniform size 0 Divisionism the breaking up of colors into their component parts Key Concepts 0 Classicism 0 Notable artists I Georges Seurat I Paul Signac I Cezanne 0 Romanticism 0 Concerned with portraying intense and personal emotions not the structural use of form and color 0 Notable artists I Emile Bernard I Paul Gauguin I Bonnard I Vincent van Gogh I ToulouseLautrec 0 Fantastic and Visionary Art I A subgroup of the Romantics I Notable artists I Odilon Redon 0 Henri Rousseau Pre World War 11 Key Terms 0 Expressionism the free distortion of form and color through which a painter gives visual form to inner sensations or emotions I Readymades common objects turned into works of art Key Concepts 0 Fauvism O This work had a strong in uence on the development of expressionism as well as on van Gogh and Gauguin 0 Notable artist I Henri Matisse 0 Expressionism 0 Believed the act of painting was a release ofphysic energy and revealed states of emotional crisis 0 Notable artists I Edvard Munch I James Ensor I Ernst Kirchner I Oskar Kokoschka I Amedeo Modigliani I Georges Rouault I Ernst Barlach 0 Abstract Expressionism I Notable artists I Wassily Kandinsky 0 Stanton MacDonaldWright 0 Cubism 0 Two types I Analytical cubism I Synthetic cubism I Geometric abstraction 0 Notable artist I Piet Mondrian I Futurists 0 Interested in the modern world 0 Most successful pieces were sculptural I Dadaism 0 Two things came out of this movement I Readymades I The idea that unconscious mechanisms operate according to the laws of chance I Metaphysical ArtSurrealism 0 Notable artists I Giorgio de Chirico I Marc Chagall I Salvador Dali I Joan Miro I Paul Klee I Max Ernst 0 RegionalistsSocial RealistsNationalists O Chose to develop figurative art but in different ways and for different reasons 0 Notable artists I Diego Rivera I Reginald Marsh I Thomas Hart Benton I Grant Wood 0 Sculpture 0 Notable sculptors I Constantin Brancusi I Henry Moore I Jacques Lipschitz 0 Architecture 0 Chicago School I Devoted to the construction of major business buildings 0 Bauhaus School I Main idea was to develop creativity rather than a specific style 0 Notable architects I Frank Lloyd Wright I CharlesEdouard J eannerat 0 Art Deco O Predominantly made up of artists interested in the aesthetic appearance of the objects 0 Patterns were circles and ovals with owers in geometric patterns Post World War 11 Key Concepts 0 Abstract Expressionism 0 Became a worldwide movement as a response to psychological issues after W11 0 Notable artists I Jackson Pollack I Willem de Kooning 0 Color Field painting I Notable artists 0 Hans Hofmann 0 Mark Rothko 0 Adolph Gottlieb 0 Helen Frankenthaler 0 SurrealistMetaphysical Art 0 Notable artists I Georgia O Keeffe I Rene Magritte I Francis Bacon 0 Pop Art 0 Began as a reaction to abstract expressionism 0 Notable artists I Richard Hamilton I Andy Warhol I Roy Lichtenstein I Jasper Johns 0 PhotorealismSuperrealism 0 subject matter is static and contemporary 0 Op Art 0 Explores the optical effects of pattern 0 Kinetic Art 0 Three different types I Art that is static but appears to move or change I Objects that move at random Without power I Works that are mechanically powered 0 Conceptual Art 0 The major concern is information 0 MinimalistEnvironmental 0 Primarily sculpture that involves geometric forms 0 Sculpture 0 Notable sculptor I Albert Giacometti 0 Architecture 0 Notable architects I Mies van der Rohe I Phillip Johnson I Louis I Kahn I Minoru Yamasaki I Frank Lloyd Wright I R Buckminster Fuller I Felix Candela I Le Corbusier I J orn Utzon I Phillip Johnson 0 Postmodern O In this style artists appropriate and manipulate styles from older art and other cultures African Art Key Concepts 0 Beliefs 0 Life should be lived vigorously using active force 0 God and spirits are above all other forces 0 Spirits can be manipulated magic 0 Artists are important in society 0 Masks are used to invoke active participation of spirits for protection and help 39 Contain elements of humans and animals 0 Westerners believed African art objects to be heathen idols 0 Fertility Figures 0 Represent the continuity of producing and rearing children 0 Celebrations and Rituals 0 Initiation from childhood into adulthood 0 Festivals held to maintain the cycle of fertility Chinese Art Key Terms 0 Pailou freestanding gates that may be purely ceremonial and were erected in honor of heroes or events Key Concepts 0 Religion 0 Art was strongly in uenced by religious and philosophical thought 0 Three traditions of religion 39 Confucianism I Buddhism I Taoism 0 Painting 0 The highestranked art form 0 Subjects are most often painted from memory or imagination 0 Sculpture 0 Jade work 0 Lacquer work 0 Important dynasties O Shang Chou Ch in T ang Sung Yuan OOOOO O Ming 0 Ch ing 0 Architecture 0 The Great Wall of China 0 Many Chinese houses temples and cities consisted of walled enclosures and courtyards O Freestanding walls were built inside buildings to de ect demons or spirits


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