Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide EXP4507
UWF - Pensacola
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alii on Sunday November 29, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to EXP4507 at University of West Florida - Pensacola taught by Jarvis in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Memory and Cognition in Psychlogy at University of West Florida - Pensacola.
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Date Created: 11/29/15
Exam 3 Study Guide This is a guide and should help you guide your studies – this is NOT an exhaustive list, merely a starting place. Make sure you have read the assigned chapters and are familiar with the concepts described in your text. Make sure to go over the powerpoints and your notes. It may be helpful to test yourself on the material you have read by writing or saying the answers to the “Test Yourself” questions in the chapter. DON’T MISTAKE FAMILIARITY FOR KNOWING. The very act of trying to answer a question increases the chances that you will be able to answer it when you try again later. Study in spaced our time; cramming is not usually effective. Good luck and remember to breathe! Topics to understand Prototype approach vs exemplar approach The prototype approach uses a “typical” average member of that category. Exemplar uses specific examples from that category. Family resemblance The amount something resembles the other things in that category. o Something resembles the average. What is the sentence verification technique? Lexical decision task? Subjects are given statements and answer yes or no if it is true. Subjects read a statement and answer yes or no if it is real or not Typicality effect Ability to judge highly prototypically members quicker What is priming? Prepping Previous experience changes response without conscious awareness. What are the approaches to categorization? Definitional, prototype, exemplar What are basic, specific, and global levels? The 3 levels of categorization. Global is furniture, basic is chair, specific is dining room chair. What is a semantic network model? Parallel distributed processing model? Connectionist approach? Explains how categories are organized. Concepts are represented by activity distributed across a network. An approach to creating computer models to represent cognitive processes. What is cognitive economy? Shared properties are stored lower What is the S-F hypothesis? Sensory-functional hypothesis. Category-specific memory. Different areas of the brain are specialized to process information about different categories What is mental imagery? Visual imagery? Ability to recreate sensations in the absence of physical stimuli. o Ex: listen to happy birthday in your head. Seeing in the absence of stimuli. o Imagine something. What is the conceptual peg hypothesis? Mental chronometry? Concreate nouns create images for other words. o One bun, two show, three tree. Rotating object in head. Understand Kosslyn’s island experiment Given points on an island. Told to travel between them. Took longer to scan for longer distances. What is an epiphenomenon? Show something is going on in mind, but don’t tell us what is happening. o Ex: looking at ceiling to remember something. Understand the propositional approach Memory can be represented by abstract symbols. o Words. Understand the image field (Kosslyn) Mental-walk task. Eyesight. Understand Perky’s imagery study Showed picture of banana without subjects knowing and asked them describe their mental image. Description match. Mistook picture as mental image. Peg word vs method of loci Pair words. o One bun, two shoe, three tree Pair with location. What makes language unique to humans? Does beyond fixed signals, hierarchical, governed by rules. Chomsky vs Skinner Chomsky- biological. Skinner- behaviorism. Phoneme vs morpheme Phoneme- sounds. o You hear sounds over the phone. Morpheme- Meaning. Be familiar with Pollack and Pickett’s experiment Context is important. Played single word back to people and asked if they could understand it. Word frequency Frequency word appears in language. What is a lexical decision task? Read list of words and nonwords. Say yes when you read a word. You look at lower frequency words longer. Areas of brain associated with syntax and semantics Broca, Wernicke. Garden path sentences Sentences that appear to mean one thing, but actually mean another. Identify different types of inference Anaphoric. o Connection objects. Instrumental. o Tools. Causal. o Events in one clause caused event in other clause. Syntactic priming Speaking one way to prime how person will talk. What is a syllogism? Basic form of deductive reasoning. Two premises, one conclusion. What is the ultimatum game? Proposer and responder. Proposer offers money. Responder accepts of rejects. Rejected low offer because unfair for humans, accepted unfair offer from computer. Availability heuristic vs Representativeness heuristic Events more easily remembered because they are more probable. o Ex: plane vs. car. Classify something according to how similar typical case is. o Ex: farmer vs. librarian.
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