Exam Study Guide
Exam Study Guide English 102
Popular in Title: English Composition II Component
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alex Diaz on Wednesday December 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to English 102 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Arthur R. Scheck in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Title: English Composition II Component in Foreign Language at Tri-County Technical College.
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Date Created: 12/02/15
Dario A Diaz Study Guide for ENG102 Exam in order of reading assignments Chapter 6 How do Read Short Fiction 1 Major points of narrative structure a Plot the series of events that envelops the story i exposition used to fill in the background and explain events that occurred in the past b Conflict involves the main character and another character through some problem i Rising action increasing pressure and expansion of the story c Climax either concludes or resolves the conflict d Flashbacks stopping the fonNard action a writer can recount an episode that happened in the past i Protagonist main character of a story ii Antagonist character or force that opposes the protagonist o Narrator or Speaker of the poem speaks to us from the page can be I omniscient allknowing 3rd person voices I limited thirdperson narrator tells the story from the point of view of one or two characters I Firstperson narrator I who tells the story and plays a part in it 2 Define a Point of view position that the author chooses to relate a storycan be crucial to the effectiveness even to the understanding of short fiction b Setting Sets up the environment that the characters are acting or written in 3 Elements of characterization a provides personalities to the characters b attitudes c social status and family connection 4 Specialized literary techniques and devices a Foils minor character whose role sharpens our understanding of a major character by providing a contrast b lrony having the opposite happen from what would be usual c Foreshadowing knowing the outcome of an action in order to detect the full extent of the conflict P39 Imagery concrete language that makes the reader see feel hear smell or taste something in his or her imagination i words or phrases that put a picture in your mind Motifs i repeated images that emphasize some important element in the story symbols something that suggests or stands for an idea quality or concept i significant meaning behind an image emphasized repeating it through the story Simile comparison that uses like or as Metaphor figure of speech that makes an implied comparison between two unlike things Personification giving human qualities to nonhuman things or speaking to an object animal or idea as if it were human Allusion indirect reference to a character or event in literature history or mythology Connotations positive and negative associations of words i mother woman who has reproduced yet a connotation of mother is love security food comfort 5 Theme central idea the underlying meaning the universal truth the general insight or the main concept expressed through actions characters or images a meaning of the story and it is important because it helps us observe the story and parallel it to our lives or as a guide to the conduct of society 6 Writing about Literature in College a Thesis of an essay or research paper is a complete sentence that expresses the main point or position that the writer will develop and suppo Topic Sentence communicates the controlling idea of a paragraph Unity paper unification starts when a paragraph is unified by focusing on one topic and contains no irrelevant ideas Coherent each idea sentence or paragraph sticks together flowing from the thesis to the organization of the paper and use of transitions to each of the paragraphs Primary source literary work that is under consideration by the researcher or student Secondary sources critical or scholarly materials articles in academic journals that contributes to one s understanding of the primary source Chapter 1 The Prewriting Process 1 Reading for Writing a Prewriting the process that happens before actual writing of the essay or story 2 Audience Awareness 3 Main purposes for writing a To Express b Entertain c Inform d Persuade 4 Key steps in critical reading a Analysis involves examining the parts or elements of a work the better to understand it b Inference drawing conclusions about a work based on your analysis i explore implications of various elements plot characterization structure tone and interpret their meaning c Synthesis process of putting your analysis and inferences together into a new more informed understanding of the work i create a new understanding through making connections identifying patterns and drawing conclusions d Evaluation defending the judgments you have made about a work s meaning significance or quality 5 Demonstrate 4 important techniques for discovering ideas a Selfquestioning questions that you ask yourself when studying a work of literature questions about characters their circumstances their motives and conflicts and etc b Directed Freewriting just writing while thinking of the story or topic of the paper to be written c Problem Solving solve a hole or conflict that the writing has posed for you d Clustering start with a question that needs an answer your essay 6 Define a Theme b Thesis 7 Evaluate effectiveness of a thesis statement Chapter 2 The Writing Process 1 3 parts of a traditional essay a Introduction beginning to engage your readers interest and to let them know what point you expect to make b Body middle develops and supports main point with details examples reasons and explanations that make the general thesis more specific and more understandable c Conclusion end returns your readers to the main point by spotlighting the general idea you want them to accept after reading your essay 2 Elements of a good argument a Claims the engine that propels any argument propositions premises conclusions hypotheses or recommendations b Evidence tes your readers how you arrived at your interpretation and shows them what your claims are based on i comes from within the readingdetais and examples from the work itself c Reasoning thinking process you use to connect the evidence to your claims I d Refutation acknowledging and responding to these other views I 3 Conventional plan for presenting an argument Typically has 5 parts a Introduce the subject you are going to write about b State your main point or thesis This is your claim c Provide evidence and reasoning to support your claims longest part of argument each claim needs at least a paragraph to develop d Respond to opposing viewpoints refutation e Sum up your argument by reminding your readers of your thesis and the strength of your evidence 4 Use details to develop claims and ideas 5 Difference between a Critical comments b Plot details 6 Characteristics of a successful introduction 7 strategies for composing an effective conclusion Chapter 3 1 Connection between a Arguing b Interpreting 2 Key steps in arguing an interpretation Identifying Issues Making claims Using evidence Using reasoning e Answering opposing views Explain inductive approach 9055 Use of a Counterargument b Comparative argument Go over Poetry Handouts for terms See Glossary of Literature and the Writing Process for more words and meanings See Mr Scheck s Big Grammar Handout on Blackboard
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