Biology Lab 112
Biology Lab 112 Biology 112 L
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Destynee Nelson on Wednesday December 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Biology 112 L at Indiana State University taught by Divya Ramish in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Human Aspects in Science at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 12/02/15
1 What is the chemical process responsible for producing most of the oxygen in our atmosphere Photosynthesis 2 What is the chemical process responsible for producing most of the organic molecules on earth 3 What is the equation for Photosynthesis ie what is needed for a plant to perform photosynthesis and what is produced by this process 4 Adding more substrate but keeping the amount of enzyme the same would decrease or increase or have no effect on the reaction time faster 5 Adding more enzyme but keeping the amount of substrate the same would decrease or increase or have no effect on the reaction time slower 6 Adding less enzyme but keeping the amount of substrate the same would decrease or increase or have no effect on the reaction time faster 7 Know how to identify the active site of an enzyme The place where the substrate binds and at which catalysis occurs 8 What is a cofactor and where does it bind Nonprotein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active It binds with the enzyme 9 What is stroke volume Amount of blood pumped out of the heart during each contraction measure in mLbeat 10 What s the volume of blood pumped by the heart during one stroke or beat of the heart Cardiac cycle 11 What does exercise normally do to the heart rate Raises it 12 What does exercise normally do to the blood oxygen levels 13 What does the palisade mesophyll look like in a cross section slide of a leaf A spongy mesophyll b stomata c upper epidermis d cuticle 14 What is the product of the digestion of maltose the enzyme maltase 15 What is the product of the hydrogen peroxide digestion by the enzyme catalase 16 From what tissue or organism did we obtain the enzyme catalase for use in the lab experiment Living tissue potato juice in water experiment 17 a irritability Excitation response to stimuli b conductivity Rate at which heat passes through specified material c stimulus A thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue d receptor An organ or cell able to respond to light heat or other external stimulus and transmit a signal to a sensory nerve e protoplasm The material compromising the living part of a cell including the cytoplasm nucleus and other organelles 18 Where on the tongue are there usually the most receptors for bitter Back 19 Where on the tongue are there usually the most receptors for sour Further back sides 20 Where on the tongue are there usually the most receptors for sweet Front 21 Where on the tongue are there usually the most receptors for salty Fronter front sides 22 Know the following and if they are part of the structure of the eye where they are located a Phosphine Things you see when you lose your eyes and rub them hard perceiving some form of light b Fovea Small depression in the retina of the eye where visual acuity is the highest Center of the eld of vision is focused in this region c blind spot Small portion of the visual eld of each eye that corresponds to the position of the optic disk with the retina d cornea Transparent layer forming the front of the eye e lens Changes the focal distance of the eye focuses the light rays that pass through it f iris Circular diaphragm forming the colored portion of the eye pupil in its center gEu F JE i l l I gaa eni J fl ulnar n1uscrire I if pin he one 23 What is the average pulse rate for humans 60 to 100 beats a minute 24 What is the normal blood pressure for an adult 12080 mm Hg 25 What is happening during systolic pressure Walls of the ventricles contract in the heart which RAISES the pressure in the ventricle and forces the bicuspid valve to close and forces blood up the aorta 26 What is happening during diastolic pressure The pressure of the blood in the ventricles fall LOW enough for the bicuspid value to open 27 What device was used in lab to measure different parameters of your vision Keystoen telebinocular 28 What device was used in lab to measure blood pressure Sphygmomanometer 29 What device was used in lab to measure the oxygen level in your blood Finger pulse 30 What is the function of the following a Association neurons control of the spinal cord b motor neurons controls organs muscles and glands c sensory neurons converts external stimuli into internal impulses 31 Which of the following are possible to measure using a urine sample NO sugar cholestrol YES pH protein pregnancy 32 Define the following in terms of the shape of the eye a myopianear sightedness Condition in which close objects are seen clearly but objects father away appear blurred Shape change on cornea or lens b hyperopiafar sightedness Condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly but close ones do not come into proper focus Shape eyeball is too short abnormal shape of the cornea or lens c astigmatism Condition that causes blurred Vision at any distance due either to the irregular shape of the cornea clear front cover of the eye or the lens inside the eye 33 What test is used to monitor electrical activity of the heart ECG 34 What temperature is normal for a healthy person in Fahrenheit and Celsius 986 F 37 C 35 At about what time during a 24 hour day is a person s lowest body temperature occurring 4 AM 36 At about what time during a 24 hour day is a person s highest body temperature occurring 4 PM 6 PM 37 What is defined as the inability to distinguish colors such as red from green or blue from green Color blindness 38 What is the CNS and what does this abbreviation stand for Central Nervous System complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the body 39 What is a re ex response Involuntary and nearly instantaneous movement in response to a stimulus 40 Is a true re ex an involuntary or voluntary action Involuntary 41 What does a peak ow meter look like and what is it used for Measures how well air moves out of your lungs 42 What does a spirometer look like and what is it used for It is used to measure and record volumes of inspired What is a spirometer And explred alr 43 What are the small sack like structures in the lungs where exchange of gases occurs Alveoli 44 What causes hiccups Swallowing too much air 45 What device did you use to measure the percent of oxygenation in the blood Gradulated cylinder water potato juice 46 What is tidal volume TV A difference between volumes after a normal inhalation and a normal exhalation 47 What is vital capacity VC The greatest volume of air that can be expelled from the lungs after taking the deepest possible breath 48 What is Inspiratory reserve volume IRV The maximal volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal inspiration 49 What is Expiratory reserve volume ERV The maximal volume of air that can be expelled from the lungs after a normal expiration 50 What is bronchitis In ammation of the mucous membrane in the bronchial tubes 51 What is hyperventilation Condition in which you suddenly start to breathe very quickly What is hypoventilation Breathing at an abnormally slow rate increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood 52 What experiment did you do to determine the effect of light on photosynthesis Black mask over leaf 53 What senses operate to aid in tasting food from the Tic Tac experiment Smell touch taste touch 54 What are the 4 main sensory receptors of the tongue Bitter sour sweet salty 55 What reagent is used to detect starch Lugol s iodine 56 What are digestive enzymes classified as Protease amylase lipase 57 In what areas of the coleus leaf can chlorophyll be found Part around the stem a the green outer region Around the edges b the brownish red region Off the stem c the middle pink region Middle 58 Is chlorophyll required to perform photosynthesis Yes 59 What is a testable product of photosynthesis using Lugol s Iodine Starch 60 What pigment produces the pink area of the coleus leaf Anthocyanin 61 What pigment is required for photosynthesis Chlorophyll Does this pigment hinderprevent photosynthesis Hinder 62 What is the way of testing for the occurrence of photosynthesis Boiling water alcohol amp using lugals idone What substance can you test for to determine if photosynthesis has occurred LUGALS IDONE 64 Which tissue carries water and minerals through a plant Xylem 65 What is the purpose of root hairs Retrieve water 66 What is the purpose of the green mesophyll tissue in a leaf Tissue between upper and lower part of the leaf
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