FINAL EXAM REVIEW
FINAL EXAM REVIEW SOC 100
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amelia Notetaker on Wednesday December 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 100 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Christina Steidl in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Art History at University of Alabama - Huntsville.
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Date Created: 12/02/15
Sociology 100 Final Review Part One Section 3 Exam 1 What does Ritzer mean in quotThe McDonalization of Societyquot He writes in order to show the reader that ef ciency production and distribution predictability knowing what to expect calculabiity quantity over quality substitution of nonhuman technology and control same process for food preparation across a chain may be rational systems but they are not reasonable Summarize quotGiving Birth the American Wayquot Women s bodies are defective when it comes to giving birth without help Also rite to passage a series of rituals that move individuals from a social status to another has 3 steps separation of individuals from their social state transition where they are stuck in a gray area of belonging nowhere and integration where the individual is absorbed in their new social state Describe quotThe Right Patient to Drugquot lfa person with power andor money speaks about a disease the disease is more likely to be researched and have a cure more than a disease no one speaking for Overmedicalization is when doctors give patients and when patients take medications they don t even need According to Cherlin what39s causing the quotDeinstitutionalization of Marriagequot The growth of cohabitation couples living together before marriage emergence of same sex marriage changing division of labor childbearing outside of marriage and the increase focus of a couple s happiness in a marriage instead of economic or political gain In quotRadical Idea of Marrying for Lovequot what was the purpose of godfathers Godfathers were usually the biological father of a son in a high income family Children with godfathers usualy lived longer Describe the radical and nonradical Islamizes the traditionalists and Islamic liberals The radical Islamizes use force for religious law like Al Qaeda while the nonradicas are peaceful The traditionalists distrust science and the leaders are religiousy educated like the Taliban And nally the Islamic liberals wish to separate religion and state What is discussed in quotThe Republic of Fatquot Due to low demand ofcorn farmers started making alcohol and high fructose corn syrup with it People now eat 30 more than suggested and soybeans are as cheap in terms of energy as corn is What is the Asch effect People tend to conform to a group s opinions even if they know it is wrong What are networks What39s the difference between strong and weak ties What39s the strength of weak ties Explain embeddedness Networks are connections between people each person knows A strong tie included frequent contact emotional closeness and a history of reciprocal behavior while weak ties are usually just association One can use weak ties to have more quotbranchingquot of ties and get more information Embeddedness is the degree of which ties are reinforced through indirect paths 10What is an example of network analysis from the textbook People now have less strong and weak ties due to lack of facetoface contact but 911 helped show how interconnected we all are 11What is the Power Elite Increasing centralization of power into 3 major overlapping groups of elite in economics politics and military 12According to Weber what is the purpose of ideal types To study society through abstract categories although no one completey falls into one category it gives an idea of what s what 13What are Weber s rationalities in modern society Instrumental rationality goal oriented value rationality action based on values and morals affective rationality emotion based action and traditional rationality action based on habit or tradition 14Describe the quotSick Rolequot You have 2 rights which it s not your fault and you don t have to follow some social norms And you have 2 obligations you need to try to get well and seek expert help 15What are some characteristics of US healthcare system It has the highest healthcare cost in the world it is 37 h in the world in terms of quality of care Hispanic women live the longest and we have the highest infant mortality rate 67 16What are some factors that in uence life expectancy Environment exposure dangerous jobs lifestyle and access to health care and insurance affects one s health Also those with the most stressful jobs low income and those who don t control working environment have lower life expectancy 17How does poverty affect health outcomes Those in low income families and people have the most stress and different access to resources like access to fresh food and gyms 18Describe the Affordable Care Act Onjanuary 1 2014 all Americans must have health insurance or they would be ned All preexisting conditions were to be ignored and children could stay on parents insurance until 26 years of age If your employers do not provide insurance you may get some online in an exchange where insurances offer plans some plans may be subsidized depending on income 19What is the impact of politics on drug development testing and distribution If someone speaks out on a disease more than another more money and time is more likely to be put into the research for a cure and treatment Also the public will become more aware and the demand may go up lowering the cost 20De ne endogamy exogamy monogamy polygamy polyandry polygyny and nuclear and extended families Endogamy marriage to someone within one s social group Exogamy marriage to someone outside of one s social group Monogam y practice of ha ving only one spouse or sexual partner at one time Polygamy practice of ha ving more than one spouse or sexual partner at one time Polyandry practice of ha ving multiple husbands at once Polygyn y practice of ha ving multiple wives at one time Nuclear family family consisting of father mother and kids Extended family all kin 21What is second shift The responsibility for housework and child care is done before actual work outside of the home 22How do Americans talk about love How does context in uence this Americans talk about love in everyday terms as a prosaic project In terms of unsettled times like giving birth they talk about love as romantic myth 23Describe the Matthew Affect Researchers who are famous or have done more work previousy get recognized more than those who are not or have not 24Describe the Structure of Scienti c Revolutions Normal science works within existing paradigms and continues until so many anomalies occur that a new quotnormalquot science paradigm is established and the process begins again 25What are the characteristics of science Objectivity scienti c inquiry ls evidence based and scienti c inquiry is open 26Describe the inductive and deductive method and how did Popper change how we do science Inductive is a collection and analysis of data construction of a theory of hypothesis the hypothesis is then tested and conclusions are drawn Popper rejects that there 5 permanent social laws governing human behavior and that a law can be falsi ed no matter how many times it has been proven correct Theories and hypotheses come from anywhere The aim of science should be to try and falsi theories all the time 27What do we mean by the social construction of facts Context determined what we study and how we study it Like if facts exist in objective reality waiting to be discovered or facts are socially constructed and agreed upon 28De ne the vocabulary read in the textbook on religion Religion system of beliefs traditions and practices around sacred things that guide belief and action Sacred holy things used for special use for worship and is kept separate from the profane Profane things of everyday life Theism worship of god or gods like Christianity Ethicalism adherence to certain principles to lead a moral life Animism belief that spirits are a part of the natural world Denomination big group of congregations that share the same faith and we governed under one administration Congregation group of people who gather for worship Secularism general movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief for rationality Pluralism presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distinct groups in one society Sacred canopy entire set of religious norms symbols and beliefs that express the most important thing in life Evangelicals the Bible is without error salvation comes only through belief of jesus Christ personal born again experience is only path to sava tions and others must also be converted Fundamentalists religious adherents who follow a scripture using a literal interpretation of its meaning 29Describe the theoretical perspectives on religion Fundamentalist Emile Durkheim religion plays important role in building social solidarity Degree and type of ties that ns people to one another Con ict Marx opiate of the masses attempt to keep workers from rising system of oppression Con ict Weber protestant belief contributed to development of capitalism but over time these religious purposes for economic behaviors have been lost 30What is civil religion The sacred beliefso commonly accepted by most people it becomes part of the nation 5 culture 31 32 33 Describe the structure of Christianity It has 3 branches protestant catholic and orthodox Within protestant there is the mainline Methodist evangelical Baptists and African American churches How did the farm policies in uence production of corn and today39s diet Due to the 1973 Farm Bill farmers got paid the target price of corn no matter what leading to over production of corn today Due to this overproduction we now have high fructose corn syrup and cornbased alcohol making us eat 30 more than suggested What was the Impact of the green revolution There was a high yield crop varieties in developing countries and improvements in agriculture technologies 34What are some debates of GMOs Although they lower food costs and are 35 more resistance to disease some believe it may be a risk to consumers the environment and animals Describe the different movement theories Classical model movements arise when social structure ca used individuals to experience psychological distress to the point where they act collectively to force social change Resource mobilization theory movements arise when resources and networks become available Political process model movements arise when changes in political structure provides increased opportunities for change 36What did the Freedom Riders do They rode places where segregation was 37 prevalent it was made to challenge the government and what they were supposed to do in terms of segregation What are the different types of social movement tactics Performance parades sitins boycotts strikes physical obstructions and teachins 38Describe premodernity modernity and postmodernity Premodernity social relations characterized by concentric circles of social af liations a low degree of division of labor relativey undeveloped technology and traditional social norms Modernity social relations characterized by rationality burea ucratization and objectivity as well as individuality created by nonconcentric but overlapping group af liations Postmodernity social relations characterized by a questioning of the motion of progress and history the replacement of narrative with pastiche and multiple perhaps even con icting identities resulting from disjointed af liations
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