Final Exam Review
Final Exam Review POLI 1090 - 006
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POLI 1090 - 006
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Crystal Boutwell on Wednesday December 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to POLI 1090 - 006 at Auburn University taught by Regina M. Moorer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see American Government in Multicultural World in Political Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 12/02/15
FINAL EXAM REVIEW 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 The attempt of bureaucracies to translate laws into routine procedures and practices Implementation What are the major roles of bureaucracy How do their roles differ from the legislative branch Bureaucracies make rules for implementing laws and procedures They enforce what is passed by congress but they cannot pass or make laws What is administrative adjudication The legal process by which a judge reviews evidence and argumentation including legal reasoning set forth by opposing parties or litigants to come to a decision which determines rights and obligations between the parties involved Prior to the passage of the civil service act of 1883 penalton act how were government appointments handled Spoils system The heads of departments are called Secretaries What is the most popular government corporation Post office The party that brings a complaint to the court is called and the one being brought against is Plaintiff Defendant When a case is resolved before making it to trial the parties have reached a Settled out of court plea bargain Define precedent Previous court decisions from prior cases that are used to understand how a law is applied to future cases Define jurisdiction the area a court can preside over There are a number of federal employees that work abroad Which department do they work for Department of defense Define devolution The federal government shifts authority to state and local levels Define Habeas Corpus When prisoners challenge a conviction How many justices serve on Supreme Court 9 What is senatorial courtesy When the seat opens on the Supreme Court and the president goes to a senator to suggest a judge from hisher district How is size of Supreme Court determined Congress Miranda Rule landmark Supreme Court case police officers must Mirandize before arrests a Know the components of the Miranda rule i You have the right to remain silent Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law You have the right to an attorney If 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 you cannot afford an attorney one will be provided for you Do you understand the rights I have just read to you With these rights in mind do you wish to speak to me What is cloture The process of ending a libuster What is a pocket veto When Congress is about to go out of session and instead of making a motion on a bill the president just lets it sit on his desk until Congress session expires Interest groups have significant in uence in setting agenda in Congress What is the political value to the president from the vice president Bring votes from regionsdemographics they couldn t have pulled on their own What is an independent agency Operate outside the president s cabinet Define iron triangle The three points of the triangle are 1Congress which has various committees 2 Executive agencies which consist of bureaucrats that ful ll the day to day activities of enforcing laws and 3 Defense Contractors which include interest groups What is the freedom of information act FOIA It states that media and individuals have the right to request information What is the informal designation of the heads of departments President s Cabinet What is the general tendency of a president s popularity Popular when they enter of ce and declines signi cantly over time of administration What was a sign decision set forward by LBJ Great Society Name two labor interest groups The teamsters and AFLCIO What is the difference between interest groups and political parties Interest groups are concerned with the policies of government while political parties are concerned with the personnel Define free rider one who enjoys the bene ts of a group without being a member Define collective good a bene t that is sought by an interest group and once achieved cannot be denied to nonmembers What caused the increased number and importance of interest groups The increase in size and activity of government List the roles of lobbyists testifying before congressional committees holding interviews with reporters helping raise funds for political campaigns placing ads in newspapers They do not nominate candidates for political of ce Define lobbying an attempt by an individual or group to in uence the passage of legislation by exerting direct pressure on members of Congress or a state legislature How is litigation in uential for interest groups Amicus curiae briefs nancing lawsuits and bringing a suit on behalf of the group 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 Give an example of a material benefit When membership of an organization allows for the reduction of the price of museum tickets What does bicameral mean Two houses How long is the term of office for a senator 6 years Define sociological representation the best representative is the one who shares a similar racial ethnic religious or occupational background as who they represent Representation of women and minorities in Congress has increased over the past two decades but is not comparable to their proportions in the general population Services often provided by representatives to their constituents include attempting to in uence the decision of a regulatory commission on behalf of a constituent presenting a private bill for constituents writing and mailing out newsletters talking to constituents Define incumbent a candidate running for reelection What percentage of House members seeking reelection won their race recently 95 In the process of reapportionment for one state to gain a seat another must lose a seat What kind of committee assignments do House members seek Ones that will allow them to in uence decisions which are of special importance to voters in their districts Tasks of congressional staff members includes dealing with administrative agencies drafting legislative proposals organizing hearings and negotiating with lobbyists Which article of the Constitution established the office of the presidency Article 11 What group was empowered through the rise of national conventions to nominate the president State party leaders help determine who makes it to the elections as a delegate What is the most common form of constitutional powers possessed by the President Delegated Rights duties and obligations of the president are also known as inherent powers The constitution describes the position of chief of staff as possessing what powers Military judicial diplomatic executive but not partisan Who does the president share foreign policy powers with Congress Why is the state of the union address important It is an opportunity for the president to set the legislative agenda by initiating proposals and directing public attention to the executive s goals What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto 23 of both houses TF The state of the union address is mandated by the Constitution True What is the constitutional role of the Vice President besides succeeding the president in case of death resignation or incapacitation To cast tiebreaking votes in the senate
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