FINAL EXAM ESSAY REVIEW
FINAL EXAM ESSAY REVIEW SOC 100
Popular in Intro to Sociology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Art History
This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amelia Notetaker on Wednesday December 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 100 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Christina Steidl in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Art History at University of Alabama - Huntsville.
Reviews for FINAL EXAM ESSAY REVIEW
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/02/15
Sociology 100 Final Review Essay Section 1 Differences between gender sex and sexuality Gender is a social position what is expected socialy of people because of those characteristics Sex is biological characteristics it s more complicated in nature for there can be more than 2 sexes Sexuality can refer to desire sexual preference sexual identity and behavior it can vary over time and spaces Characteristics of McDonaldization Ef ciency production and distribution predictability knowing what to expect calculabiity quantity over quality substitution of nonhuman technology and control same process used to prepare food within chains These rational systems aren t always rational The 3 theoretical perspectives Functionalst society is a big machine where all the parts work together to help it function con ict who has the power several groups all trying to shape society and interactionaist how space and time change how we interact Strati cation as a process and as a structure As a structure how is economic awards distributed and how much difference between those at the top and bottom As a process what factors in uence when 1 is located in the economic structure where people go on the quotlatterquot Goffman39s dramaturgical theory Role duties and behaviors expected of someone who holds a certain status Status recognizable social position that and individual occupies Front stage audience Back stage privacy Openings and closings hellos and goodbyes Given gestures intentional gestures Givenoff gestures unintentional gestures Face how individuals hold each other can be role speci c Audience protection keeps quotscenequot going Civil inattention politey ignoring Research methods from the textbook Participant observations putting yourself in the environment Interviews surveys historical method and comparative methods Content analysis looking through records Income inequality history and structural causes 45 ofthe wage gap is due to differences in occupations and industries Differences in experience and quali cations difference in rates of unionization racial composition of the work force and employer discrimination in hiringpromotingsaary The wage gap has actually decreased over the years Describe institutional racism and give examples Institutional racism is institutions and social dynamics that may seem raceneutral but actually disadvantage minority groups Examples include housing GI Bill excluding blacks FHA red lining based off race block busting and white ight Another example is college admissions af rmative action program beginning in the 605 to increase representation of underrepresented groups in businesses and schools the quotcolorblind reading of applications based off of AP scores Theories of capitalism from Smith and Marx Smith specialization and division of labor increases productivity and innovation using money makes trading more ef cient gives workers more liberty Marx capitalism led to better conditions for elites but not workers workers sell themselves on the labor market do the work for production and don t share in pro ts workers experience alienation 10Gender and work Especially Glass Ceiling and escalator Gender equalitarian 11 12 13 belief men and women should receive equal treatment and shouldn t be discriminated against basis of gender Vertical inequality inability to advance or move upward within organization or eld Horizontal inequality segregation into different eldspositions The glass ceiling in visible limit on women s climb up the occupational latter either due to employer discrimination structure of mentorship and professional development networks social interactions within same seX group or actual interruptions in labor force participation giving birth The glass escalator men are less likely to enter a female dominated eld than women entering a male dominated eld if men do enter a female dominated eld he will most likely not face discrimination and will be promoted faster and paid more Why are the poor more likely to go to prison The poor are more likely to be arrested because of an increased police presence in low income areas If someone cannot afford an attorney they are usually represented inadequatey lack ability to pay bail and inability to manipulate program to reduce sentence Changing family dynamics in the US Females and males are more likely to wish to be in egalitarian relationships Neotraditiona is usually a man s second choice but women would rather be selfreliant than with anyone for their second choice The age where men and women get married has also increased possibly due to more people wanting to nish college rst Divorce is pretty high now too but divorce only goes up if marriage does Patterns of production and consumption GMOs are more popular because it s keeper and easier to grow Corn is easy to grow and is a cheap source of energy so are soybeans Hybrid corn was developed in the 19005 it had higher yield in 1 year grew tall and strong but had trouble producing the 2nd year The HaberBosch process xed N2 allowing farmers to grow more than one thing at a time and helped produce arti cial fertilizer
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'