Study Guide ANTH 1302
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by V.L.Anchondo on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1302 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Aurolyn Luykx in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Intro-Cultural Anth in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 12/05/15
1. Bodley’s article (“The Price of Progress”) illustrates that... a. “Development” improves people’s quality of life by allowing them to buy more things that they need. b. Some cultures will not change, no matter how much outsiders try to change them. c. “Development” does not benefit all members of a society equally, and may even prove harmful to some. d. Anthropologists are opposed to culture change, since they feel indigenous peoples should remain in their “natural” state. 2. According to Bodley, which of the following has not generally been considered as a measure of “development” (in the official or dominant sense of the term)? a. the country’s ability to continue to make payments on international loans b. a more equitable distribution of land and other resources among various sectors of the population c. growth of the country’s gross national product (GNP) d. people’s increased involvement in wage labor and the cash economy 3. Bodley’s article discusses how “development” has led to an increase in the incidence of __________ diseases in many countries a. nutritional b. Bacterial c. psychological d. Parasitic e. all of these f. a & b only 4. Who introduced steel axes to the Yir Yoront tribe? a. Anthropologists b. A neighboring tribe c. The government d. Missionaries e. All of these 5. Sharp’s article illustrates that culture is… a. Stable b. Holistic c. Resilient d. Learned e. All of these 6. More than _____________ of the world's people live on less than $1 a day. a. 2/3 b. A quarter c. Half d. 100,000,000 e. 1,000,000,000 f. 10,000,000 7. Nanda & Warms note that many approaches to development seem to end up benefitting wealthy donor nations, NGOs or political elites in developing nations, more than the poor communities they are supposedly designed to help. Which approach do they see as an exception to this trend, in that it more directly addresses the human causes and consequences of poverty? a. A “basic human needs” approach b. Structural adjustment c. Modernization theory d. Neoliberalism e. Development anthropology 8. While HIV/AIDS has spread all over the world, it has reached epidemic proportions in some parts of SubSaharan Africa. What is the most common way it is transmitted in that part of the world? a. Homosexual contact b. Heterosexual contact c. Blood transfusions d. From mothers to infants e. Intravenous drug use (sharing dirty needles) f. Poor sanitation/unclean water 9. Nanda and Warms mention a particular (U.S.based company) that depends heavily on sweatshop labor (most notably through its subcontracting arrangements with the Taiwan based company Foxconn), with workers subjected to unhealthy and dangerous conditions that sometimes result in death. What is that company? a. Apple 10. According to Figure 14.4, about ____ of the world's population currently lives in what are labeled "poor nations." a. 1/3 b. 1/2 c. 2/3 d. 4/5 e. 9/10 11. Nanda & Warms report that gas flaring (burning off the natural gas that is a byproduct of oil production) in a single African country releases more CO2 into the air than all the automobiles and other industry in Africa combined. What is that country? [answer is casesensitive] a. Nigeria 12. By the end of the 2000s, approximately how many lives had been lost in what Nanda & Warms refer to as "Africa's World War"? a. 4 million 13. By 2010, approximately how many millions of people worldwide were refugees? a. 43 million 14. As of 2009, how many Iraqi refugees had been accepted for resettlement in the U.S.? a. 463 1. Shandy describes the global movements of Nuer refugees who settled in the northern United States. What caused so many Nuer to become refugees? a. Famine caused by drought b. Religious persecution c. Flooding of their traditional homeland by a hydroelectric project d. Warfare e. An earthquake 2. In their home country of Sudan, the Nuer refugees had been _________. a. Foragers b. Slaves c. Peasants d. Pastoralists e. Horticulturalists 3. How long did Thok Ding spend in the refugee camp in Kenya before he was resettled in the U.S.? a. Two years 4. The number of refugees accepted for resettlement by the U.S. decreased sharply after (what year)? a. 2001 5. Glynn et al. describe how the technique of giving Indians used clothes infected with smallpox originally used by the U.S. Army against Native Americans was also later used against Indians in [what country?] a. Brazil 6. According to the Glynn article, what is the greatest threat to tribal peoples in Africa and Asia? a. Disease b. Development c. Hunger d. War 7. Glynn also describes how Yanomami communities in the Amazon were disrupted by the construction of a ________. a. Dam b. Coal mine c. Military base d. Gold mine e. highway 8. Which occupational group has a jobrelated mortality rate higher than that of the Nepalese sherpas featured in the article “Disposable Man”? a. Commercial fishermen b. Firefighters c. US soldiers in Iraq d. Coal miners e. All of these f. None of these VLAGH g. B &c only 9. At the time that article was written, what was the standard life insurance payment for a sherpa who died on Mt. Everest? (in U.S. dollars) a. $4600 10. Aside from the danger of accidents, many sherpas end up disabled by _________ (a medical risk that is increased by spending time in highaltitude environments). a. Nitrogen toxicity b. snow blindness c. strokes d. nerve damage e. all of these VLAGH
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