Popular in American History I
Popular in History
This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Miki Noah-Wilson on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 2010 at Tennessee Tech University taught by Dr. Paula Hinton in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at Tennessee Tech University.
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Date Created: 12/06/15
HSITORY 2010 FINAL EXAM Cotton has major impact on development of N and S Very profitable most profitable export in US At the time for S that meant no incentive to grow anything else 34 used in Great Britain s textile Mills come from S European see south as more important and progressive South has one of the largest and strongest economies in the world Invented by Eli Whitney 17651825 1794 Tremendous impact on history Shaped southern economy So South has weak infrastructure Huge plantation Few large towns and cities Weak institution Not many banks Not much cash in circulation Commercial centers develop parts but not infrastructure Big problems later but not at the time No reason to evolve in same way as North Also remained household economy Born 1786 in NC Slave Father and most of his siblings sold away Skilled worker hired out Married eight months later while working hears someone called his name she s been sold Twice he earned enough money to purchase his freedom and it was stolen by owner Remarried Had 8 children Finally able to purchase his freedom and freedom of his wife and children One way he did that was publishing his life story for abolitionist movement 1843 Narrative of the life of Moses Grandy Fiction pretend family Unity was very important for slavery Family wasn t always blood related Population Grows more rapidly in North due to both immigration and high birth rate By civil war North has overwhelming advantage More diverse Around 1830s1850s Industry More industrialized in North Difficult to grow profitable crops Lots of waterfalls for power Towns and cities grow N crops corn and wheat have to be process cotton doesn t or they will spoil Need mills slaughterhouse etc RR more pervasive Needed industry South ok With rivers canals Impact of factories Work and home are now separated People begin to sell their labor No responsibility to work Household no longer center of econ Activity Household is now a refuge Market capitalism Northern whites becomes more and more obsessed with individual character and more hostile towards the south Why turn against slavery so forcefully and quickly Believed that US will only survive if we do something about passions Can t change situation through law Want order To get people to choose it Must be INTERNAL not external process Who are these people Most grew up in rural areas and migrated to urban areas their teens or twenties Strongly in uenced by second Great Awakening in cities they found Overcrowding poor sanitation crime etc Engage in new kind of work middle class jobs middle management bureaucrats banking insurance others work as lawyers ministers in gov They are professional people they work hard but in office or store How do they deal with this anxiety Value privacy more Want to get away from everything Home is a refuge so you can escape anxiety Beginning of prohibition movement Get men to modify their intake of alcohol American society for the promotion of temperance founded in 1826 Don t have to STOP drinking just drink less and less often and lighter beverages Take pledge 1 million men do so including Lincoln Why concerned about alcohol Consumption What is the connection to family and society Men are the most out of control when they are drunk Better men Better family Better society 1820s 1850s alcohol consumption fell from about five gallons per person Per year to about two gallons per person per year Very little impact in south Temperance organizations were the basis for other reform Begins in Massachusetts in 1837 first state to have tax supported compulsory education required to Want to children to go to school early young and learn discipline teach them to be better citizen Required parents to send their children to school William H McGuffey McGuffey Readers taught children to read and write with value laden stories ONLY IN NORTH Born 181 1 Connecticut Father famous revival speaker Sister Catherine Beecher Brother famous minister Typical NWMC family Married moved to Cincinnati Brought her close to KY and slavery Illustrates significance of woman s role how women are setting the tone for behavior morals Uncle Tom s cabin first time MC in north saw black as human Simon Legree plantation owner in KY Uncle Tom Legree s slave So 0 northemers Legree comes to represent all southern white male Ambitious Greedy Cruel Out of control Immoral Character in Stowe s book Andrew Jackson Evil passionate slave owner out of control no conscience no discipline no restraint Legree is dangerous to white and black nation First addressed with the Missouri crisis 18191820 By late 1810 Missouri population high enough to become state Problem by then growing agitation in north about slaves All but 2 president John and Quincy John Adams were southerners and south dominated supreme court too Since the of representatives in house of rep depends on population of states Issue will Missouri be admitted as a slave or Free State Came up with Missouri compromise Maine is admitted as a free state Missouri is admitted as a slave state The 3630 line is drawn latitude those above the line would be free states and those below the line would be slave state 1846 Penn Congressman name David Wilmot Attached Wilmot proviso to a bill Bill said that any territory acquired in Mexican War would be free not slave Proviso did not pass but Significance shows how politics is sectional now Wilmot is a democrat but that is not what determined his and other s views he thinks of himself primarily as a northerner not a democrat It is now pretty much N vs S rather than political party tensions Under the compromise South Texas is admitted as a huge slave state south had wanted it to be 5 or 6 state Fugitive slave Act passed north now required to return fugitive slaves to south North California is admitted as a huge Free State slave Trade not slavery Is abolished in Washington DC But other territories are not addressed in order to avoid further con ict Compromise only delays the inevitable because population grow Senator from Massachusetts Republican NWMC Angry about violence During his speech he openly questioned the honesty and character of several senators including a senator named Andrew Butler Preston Brooks Butler s nephew poked summer with his cane and as Sumner turned he began beating him Sumner went to England to recuperated it took him 4 years and was never the same aga1n
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