New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Final Exam Study Guide - SOC 204

by: Delaney Rea

Final Exam Study Guide - SOC 204 SOC 204

Marketplace > University of Oregon > Sociology > SOC 204 > Final Exam Study Guide SOC 204
Delaney Rea
GPA 3.4

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Here's the study guide for the final exam. It covers the information covered since the previous exam. Hope it helps!
Intro Sociology >2 >IP
Dreiling M
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Intro Sociology >2 >IP

Popular in Sociology

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Delaney Rea on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 204 at University of Oregon taught by Dreiling M in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 169 views. For similar materials see Intro Sociology >2 >IP in Sociology at University of Oregon.


Reviews for Final Exam Study Guide - SOC 204


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 12/06/15
Sociology 204 Final Exam Study Guide Chapter 1- The Sociological Imagination • Sociological Imagination - the ability to connect basic aspects of life to impersonal forces • Social Institution - complex group of interdependent positions which perform a social role and reproduce over time • August Comte - inventor of social physics, sociology • Harriet Martineau - first to translate Comte to English • Emile Durkheim - founder of sociological discipline • Karl Marx - proceeded Communism, through Marxism, a sociological discipline • Max Weber - German founder of Verstehen, interpretive concept of understanding • anomie - sense of aimlessness or despair that come from a lack of predictability in life • positivist sociology - the social world can be described by certain social relationships • W.E.B. Du Bois - first African-American sociologist, founder of Double Consciousness theory • Double Consciousness - the presence of dual behavioral scripts • functionalism - theory that various social institutions of society serve an important purpose • conflict theory - conflicting forces serve to advance society and advance its change • midrange theory - attempt to predict functions of social institutions Chapter 2 - Methods • research methods - approaches scientists use to answer their questions • quantitative methods - seek to obtain numerically measurable data • qualitative methods - seek to obtain data that isn’t just converted to numerals • deductive approach - structured process to modify a theory • inductive approach - approach using empirical observations to form a theory • causality - notion that change in one factor causes a change in another • reverse causality - A is thought to cause B, but B causes A • dependent variable - outcome being explained • interdependent variable - variable that has a causal relationship with the dependent • reflexivity - considering one’s own role in the research • feminist methodology - set of systems that treat women’s experiences as legit forms of information Chapter 3 - Culture and Media • ethnocentrism - belief that one’s own culture is superior to others • nonmaterial culture - values, beliefs, etc. • material culture - everything constructed in culture, including technology • ideology - system of relationships and concepts, understanding cause and effect • cultural relativism - taking into account other cultures without judgment • socialization - process where people internalize values, norms, etc. within their society • reflection theory - theory that culture is a reflection of structures in the public sphere • hegemony - a dominant group uses its power to elicit “consent” from the public mass • consumerism - steady purchase of material possessions • culture jamming - act of turning media against itself Chapter 4 - Socialization and the Construction of Reality • self - individual identity of a person, as seen by that person • I - one’s own self of agency and identity • me - the self perceived as an object by “I’ • generalized other - the sense of the total expectations of others in all settings • resocialization - process in which a person’s values and beliefs are reengineered, often on purpose • total institution - the institution in which one is totally immersed in daily life • role strain - incompatibility of multiple roles within a single status • ascribed status - the status one is born into • achieved status - voluntary status one enters into • master status - the status within a set of status that stands above the rest • symbolic interactionalism - micro theory that shared meanings and assumptions form basic motivations • dramaturgical theory - view of human life as a performance, where roles are filled and acted out Chapter 5 - Groups and Networks • dyad - a group of 2 • triad - group of 3 • mediator - member of a triad who tries to resolve the conflict between the other 2 • primary group - social groups, i.e family and friends, who have intimate interactions that influence the ideals of those involved • secondary groups - groups with impersonal relationships • in-group - the majority, most powerful group • out-group - the minority, less powerful group • reference group - group that helps us understand our place in society, relative to other groups • social network - a set of what is essentially dyads held together by ties between people • embeddedness - degree to which ties are reinforced by indirect paths of the social networks • social capital - the info and connections people use to gain power • isomorphism - process that forces one unit of a population to resemble its peers Chapter 12 – Family - Endogamy – to marry someone within your social group - Exogamy – marriage o someone outside of your social group - Monogamy – practice of only having one sexual partner at any given time - Polygamy – practice of having more than one sexual partner at one time - Polyandry – practice of having numerous, simultaneous husbands - Polygyny – practice of having numerous, simultaneous wives - Nuclear family – the form of a family to consists of a father, mother and children - Cohabitation – living together in an intimate relationship without legal or religious sanctioning - Kinship networks – extended series of relationships connected through blood and/or marriage - Cult of domesticity – notion that true womanhood centers on domestic responsibility and child rearing - Second shift –alleged women's responsibility to do housework and child care - Miscegenation – technical term for interracial marriage. Literally means “mixing kinds,' term is controversial and not used anymore Chapter 17 – Science, the Environment, and Society - Paradigm – framework in which scientists operate and approach their workplace - Normal science – science conducted inside an existing paradigm - Paradigm shift – when enough scientific anomalies occur that the existing paradigm is able to be challenged - Normative view of science – notion that science shouldn't be affected by the personal beliefs of the scientists involved, but instead the objective rules of the evidence - Boundary work – work done to maintain a line between legitimate and non-legitimate science - Matthew effect – term used to describe the notion that some scientific findings receive more acclaim due to the researchers involved - Risk society – society that creates and is concerned with mitigating risks Chapter 18 – Collective Action, Social Movements, and Social Change - Collective action – action that takes place in groups and diverges from the social norms of the given situation - Convergence theory – theory of collective action that occurs when people with similar ideas and tendencies gather together - Contagion theory – theory of collective action claiming that it happens when people succumb to the tendency to conform to those around them - Emergent norm theory – theory of collective action emphasizing those who speak out in favor of new norms - Social movement – purposeful collective behavior, organized but not on an institutional level - Alternative social movement – social movements that seek the limited societal change and often target a narrow group of people - Redemptive social movement – social movements that target specific groups but advocate for more radical change in behavior - Classical model – social movement model based on the concept of structural weakness in society that results in psychological disruption - Political process model – focuses on the structure of political opportunities. Challengers with public favor are more likely to win their efforts for social change - Emergence – first stage of a social movement, when the problem is first being addressed - Coalescence – second stage of a social movement. Resources are out into play and actual action is taken to solve the issues from the first stage - Social movement organization – group developed to recruit new members and coordinate participation in a particular social movement - Grassroots organization – a type of organization that relies on high levels of community- based participation to promote social change - Premodernity – social relations characterized by circles of social affiliation - Modernity – social relations characterized by rationality, objectivity - Postmodernity – social relations characterized by a questioning of the notion of progress and history


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.