Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide Psyc 316
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Camille Turner on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 316 at Northern Illinois University taught by M. Lilly in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see intro- psychopathology in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 12/06/15
Exam 3 Studv Guide Sex amp Gender Disorders Sexual Dysfunctions Problem with sexual response Can39t sexually respond normally or as desired can be distressing loss self esteem frustration etc 31 of men and 43 of women encounter one point in their life Can be lifelong or time limited global or specific Disruption in sexual response can occur in any of these stages desireexcitement orgasm or resolutionDesire is the interest and urge to have sex sexual fantasies and attraction Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder Lack of interest in sex and limited sexual activity Female sexual interest arousal disorder Lack of normal interest in sex and limited sexual activity Anxiety depression anger fears attitudes situational pressures medication as explanations for this Treatment Behavioral approaches aimed at reducing fear through relaxation training and systematic desensitization sex therapy Paraphilias Urges and fantasies in response to inappropriate objects or situations Can include non humans children nonconsenting adults and sufferinghumilation Only considered a disorder when it causes distressimpairment or satisfaction of the disorder Treatment Administer antiandrogen to reduce testosterone or SSRI39s to reduce the compulsivelike behaviors side effect of reduced sex drive Fetishistic Disorder desire is focused on a nonliving object often to the exclusion of everything else More often in men than woman Treatment Aversion therapy masturbatory satisfaction orgasmic reorientation Transvestic Disorder Cross dressing not the same as gender dysphoria begins in childhood or adolescene Exhibitionistic Disorder exposing oneself in a public setting often to induce shock or surprise and not necessarily sexual contact more common in males Treatment Aversion therapy masturbatory satisfaction social skills training Voyeuristic Disorder observe others undress or engage in sex peeping Frotteuristic Disorder touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting adult almost always male fantazing that they are having a caring relationship with the victim Sexual masochism disorder desire to be humiliated beaten bound and made to suffer Sexual sadism disorder aroused by physical or psychological suffering of others Gender Dysphoria Feel that one has been born the wrong sex and gender changes or desired Men outnumber women 21 Rare overall some believe abnormalities in the brain are implicated Many seek out psychotherapy some pursue sexual reassignment survey Personglitv Disorders Personality is made of a combination of traits unique and long term pattern of inner experience and outward behavior Personality Disorders PD are enduring patterns of inner experience and outward behaviors that impair sense of self emotional experience goals capacity for empathy and intimacy Begins in teen years early adulthood Psychological pain for self and often for others 3 Types Odd or eccentic Dramatic emotional or erratic Anxious or fearful Odd A Personality Disorders Paranoid PD Schizoid PD amp Schizotypal PD Paranoid PD Deep distrust and suspicion of others critical of weakness fault in others and work Can39t recognize own mistakes and sensitive to criticism blames others for misfortunes in their life Psychodynamic demanding critical parents leads to suspicion Cognitive Maladaptive assumptions people are evil and will attack Biological genetic causes Treatment Limited support Schizoid PD Persistent avoidance of social relationships focus on their selves seen as cold and at and dull Psychodynamic stems from unsatisfied needs from human contact Cognitive deficiencies in their thinking Treatment Emotionally distant from the therapist makes limited progress group therapy drug therapy Schizotypal PD Extreme discomfort with intimacy odd ways of thinking and behavioral eccentricities Has difficulty keeping attention Treatment Help reconnect and recognize problematic thinking Dramatic B Personality Disorders Antisocial PD Borderline PD Histrionic PD Narcissistic PD Antisocial PD Described as psychopaths or sociopaths likely to lie repeatedly be reckless and impulsive have little regard for others can be cruel Psychodynamic absence of parental love leading to lack of basic trust Behavioral learned through modeling or unintentional reinforcement Cognitive hold attitudes that trivialize the importance of others needs Biological low levels of serotonin lower levels of anxiety and arousal Treatment antipsychotics guide about moral issues Borderline PD instability in mood unstable self imagine and impulsivity prone to have bouts of anger which can lead to aggression and violence Marked by impulsive and self destructive behavior Psychodynamic Lack of early acceptance abuseneglect by parents Biological overly reactive amygdala lower brain serotonin genetics Cognitive core selfschema Behavioral behaviors result from both classical and operant conditioning Treatment empirical support and antidepressants Histrionic PD extremely emotional and continually seek to be the center of attention Psychodynamic cold parents left them feeling unloved and afraid of abandonment Cognitive hold an assumption that they are helpless to care for themselves and therefore seek out others who will meet their needs Treatment More likely to seek their own or group therapy 0 Narcissistic PD Need for significant admiration and lack of empathy with others Often exaggerate achievements and talents Psychodynamic Cold parents No for sure treatments Anxious C Personality Disorders Avoidant PD Dependent PD Obsessive compulsive PD Avoidant PD Extreme discomfort and inhibition in social situations overwhelmed with feelings of inadequacy fear of humiliation and low self confidence Psychodynamic sense of shame Cognitive harsh criticism and rejection in childhood Behavioral fail to develop normal social skills avoidance is negatively reinforced Treatment attending therapy Dependent PD Excessive need to be taken care of Clingy and fears separation of loved ones excessive loneliness Psychodynamic unresolved con icts during oral stage of development Behavioral unintentionally reward children39s clingly and loyal behavior and punish independence Treatments Group therapy CBT and antidepressants Obsessive Compulsive PD Preoccupation with order perfection and control Sets unreasonably high standards for self fears mistakes and may be afraid to make decisions Psychodynamic Harsh toilet training leads to anger and fixation at this stage Cognitive propose that illogical thinking processes help maintain it Treatment some respond with psychodynamic or cognitive therapy Aging and Cognition 0 Depression is one of the most common mental health problems of older adults raises likelihood of medical problems elderly people are more likely to commit suicide than younger ones 0 Treatment CBT and antidepressants Anxiety is also common due to declining of health also treated with CBT Substance Abuse is more prevalent after the age of 60 Delirium develops over a short period of time usually hours or days Fever certain diseases and infections poor nutrition head injuries strokes stress and intoxication by certain substances may all cause delirium Alzheimer39s Disease Neurocognitive disorders are marked by decline in at least one area of cognitive functioning memory and learning attention visual perception planning language ability Can lead to changes in personality and behavior Maj or neurocognitive disorder and most common type Can appear in middle age memory impairment is the most prominent cognitive dysfunction Mild memory problems lapses of attention and difficulties in language and communication are early symptoms Later symptoms trouble completing simple and complicated tasks distant memories Biological prefrontal temporal lobes and diencephalon Vascular neurocognition Result from stroke specific areas of the brain are cutoff 0 Treatment approaches drug therapy cognitive techniques behavioral interviews support for caregivers
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