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ARH 358 Study Guide for Final 2

by: Skylar Evans

ARH 358 Study Guide for Final 2 ARH 358

Marketplace > University of Oregon > Art History > ARH 358 > ARH 358 Study Guide for Final 2
Skylar Evans
GPA 4.0

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Here is a second study with images and follows the exact study guide and gives definitions and dates to all art work and artists.
History of Design >1
Lord C
Study Guide
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Skylar Evans on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ARH 358 at University of Oregon taught by Lord C in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see History of Design >1 in Art History at University of Oregon.


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Date Created: 12/06/15
ARH 358 Final Exam Study Guide William Morris - Stately Furniture, 1887 // useful yet beautiful furniture, made with his hands. Made for upper class & wealthy - helped to fund projects for the working class Workmans small house  productive environment for working class / socialist ideas / features of the high class, with medieval works, handmade and rich. Yet it was a smaller interior, (cheaper materials), did not turn to industrialization, kept honest w hand made  American Arts and crafts tiles ca. 1910 // CA & MA, American artists emulating ideas by morris, hand made with simple patterns, nature is influential / encouraged to express yourself through hand craft // influential on ceramics in America, the focus on European arts and crafts becomes integrated into American design.  Henri Toulouse- Lautrec, Moulin Rouge: La Goulue 1891 // Late 19th century color lithography - depicting night club & entertainment ("can can" dance of moulin rouge) demonstrates new forms of entertainment and lively hood of Paris. Mixing of class and culture. Lines become blurred between what is fine art and decorative art. Poster + Advertisement -- emotional responses, lines are expressive. Collab w text + print  Victor Horta Tassel House, Stairwell, Brussels, 1892-93 // Art Nouveau - organic lines inspired by nature and botantical patterns. Strongly influenced by Japanese. "Whole environment" -- elements are not static, they are integrated and visually connected. Decorative aspects (Roccoco) this was criticized by Germany // Over the top moving lines, interest in total design of architecture, furniture, painting, all one idea (Nouveau) Richard Riemerschmid Machine Furniture, Third international applied art exhibition in Dresden, Germany, 19060// this room was constructed of simple forms using machinery to accomodate economic levels. Middle class - lower class consumers in mind (with a variety of wood and metal fittings) promote the idea of assembly line - able to produce and abundant amount of objects for an affordable cost. With a wide range of consumers  Peter Behrens, Turbine Hall, AEG complex in Berlin, 1909 // Constructed to have natural light to illuminate inside the building - quality for workers. Eco in mind with natural light, draws from classical ideas -- healthy environment. -- German werkbund  Raoul Hausmann, Tatlin @ home, 1920 collage // Dada movement in Berlin Germany. Critical and ambigous ideas of mans mechanization after WWI. Reference of tatlins mechanized art, critical of upper middle class -- in them bringing about WWI. commentary of mechanizations of man, machine parts on human. heavily relying on industry and technology. Medium of Dada is collage or photo montage. Critique things from their culture and parody it. Promoted nonsense, confusing ideas. nonsensical, thinking irrationally.  Vladimir Tatlin, Monument to the third international, 1919-20 // Model of a building that was never actually constructed. Spiral to "overtake communism" Constructivism worked with the government, and this was a gov't building. Exploiting new materials, technological advacements. Not enough technology to build this. Symbol for optimisim, following the Russian Revolution. Propganda center - Nazi gov't didn’t approve of degenerate art.  Kasmir Malevich, Suprematist painting, 1915 // Suprematism movement was created by Malevich. It was a fine art movement (painting), Geometric shapes, abstract, simplicity, primarty colors. Before the Russian revolution.  Piet Mondrian, Composition with Red, yellow and blue, 1920. // De Stilj "The Style" in Holland -- Dutch movement. fine art, and design movement / paintings, geometric shapes. Not dynamic, mostly experimental with composition. Primary colors // lines are unfinished giving the illusion that it is not limited to the space of the painting - move into the rest of the world with architecture - not limited to fine art.  Gerrit Rietveld, interior of Schroeder house, Utrecht, 1924 // a very orderly environment, geometric spaces with primary colors. Square + rectangular glass panels. Embraced the ideas of living work, non objective, abstracts, was spiritual and non materialistic. De Stijl movement was interested in finding order after the war.  Walter Gropius, Fagus factory, 1911-13, (anticipating Gropius' Bauhaus ideas) // Germany, before the first WW, this is not a Bauhaus building, but an example of modern approach to architecture. highly influenced by american industrial buildings in detroit and NYC, appreciated materials in US (concrete), more functional industrial buildings, wanted to bring that to Germany. Not an ornate building, made of stone - and a lot of glass.  Diagram of Bauhaus Educational Program, by Walter Gropius, 1921 // Important for aestethic and ideaology, a radical movement as far as art education was concerned // interested in letting students explore and experiment - changed the way art school was conducted and is the way it is today. It was a boarding school where students and teachers live there, a communal way of living and learning. Medieval influence but the ideaology only, not in the aesthetics, architecture and design doesn’t look back to the past, Total environment  Walter Gropius, Directors office at the Bauhaus, 1923, // every item designed at the Baushaus by students and teachers. Everyone was working towards the same goals, Bauhaus was for the industrial design movement, but was influenced by Arts and crafts. Idea of cost effective and speedy design.. Total design (top to bottom) Gropius identifies to create a beautiful building, modern style - fine art + design // goal of architect to create entire space of building. Arts and Crafts movement  Started in Britain, followings its creation it moved to the US. (mid - late 1800's) Greatly influenced by design reform movement, social and political // working class // spiritual element, medieval - craftsmanship and not into machines (hand crafted) total design movement, furniture and architecture William Morris founder of arts and craft movement, Pre Raphelite brotherhood, he was a socialist, and believed that medieval art should be valued and produced by hand - influenced design reform movement John Ruskin focus on craft and less industrialization. Provided inspiration for workshops// hand crafting objects. response to rapid industrialization. Restoring hand craft. His role is critical to outlining the ideaology - he was not a professional artist, his critical ideas about art are whats important. Production of healthy art and society.  Pre Raphaelite primarily a painting group, similar ideas to Morris' movement. Oil painting, reverting back to labor intensive, revival of gothic idea of art. Allowing to see the hand, not allowing industrialization to speed things up. Lot of production/time of an artist working w an object. Jane Morris influential in arts and crafts movement. her textiles in the White Room // her influence in the dress reform movement Dress Reform Movement  focused on making non restrictive, fashionable, comfortable dresses for women. Free movement, not harmful (corsets), able to walk, sit freely, and not elaborate Art Nouveau riginated in France, Late 1800's. "New Art" influenced by organic, botantical curvilinear lines, permeates all art realms - design, architecture, furniture etc. (nature & floral motifs) Color Lithography  form of printmaking (Lautrec) stone printing // in color, similar to wood block with adding color in stages and then printing. Jules Cheret Printmaker, color lithography, contemporary of Lautrec. Father of the modern poster, expressive lines (interest in flow of women’s dress) text and image in a unified design. unified design Seigfrid Bing Founder of L'Art Nouveau shop, directly involved in bringing Japanese print imports that influenced art works. Supported local artists, like Lois Comfort Tiffany (American) expanded art nouveau national reach not just in France Peter Behrens founding father of the Werkbund, the first industrial designer, typographic reform, German Werkbund ajor aim: revitalize German economy through design (1907), association of artists, architects, designers and industrialists. Integrate traditional crafts w the techniques of industrial mass production techniques. Group was founded by Behrens, and was influential towards the Bauhaus. WWI fully mechanized war, propoganda art (impact on posters), communication, impact on population (death and destruction), question authority, criticize technological advances. Dada 1916-1922, in Zurick Switzerland // fleeing countries during the war because Switzerland was neutral. First movement that was a DIRECT response to the war, movement of doing different things. Performances, art, music, poetry. mocked senselessness of rational thought, strange and irrational. "anti-art" anti- war movement, absurdity. Suprematism  Russia, a 1 man movement. (Kasmir Malevich) He communicates his ideas through geometric shapes. Supreme reality is pure feeling, attaches to no object -- non objective forms in art, shapes not related to objects in the visual world. Fine art movement, helps to influence russian constructivism. Constructivism  Russian avant-garde belief that all art should be useful. directly in response to Russian revolution. United art and society, social purpose to advance new ideals of industrialism and progress. Used industrial materials, // contrasts w anti-industrial art like nouveau and arts and crafts movements. De StijlA movement led by Piet Mondrian, in Holland (dutch movement), non objective abstract art. interested in elevating decorative arts to the status of fine arts. Designed everything (architecture, furniture, graphic design, painting) Bauhaus A school of architecture in Germany in the 1920's under Walter Gropius who emphasized the unity of art, architecture and design. emphasis on rationality, reliance on the grid, commitment Walter Gropius  Architect, 1910-1950's, founder of Bauhaus school, pioneered of modern architecture and international style. Total work of art // unified design. functionality and formal design, modern, synthetic products, mass produced merchandise, stark simplicity of design. Nazis closed school - moved to US and influenced American industrial art and architecture. Johannes Itten developed basic courses for Bauhaus. Color theory/balance/basic artistic skills. Revolutionizes teaching and students begin to experiment w materials. Also brought holistic health practices and spiritual dimensions to Bauhaus Lazlo Moholy Nagy  Replaced Itten as a professor at the Bauhaus. Hungarian - embraced ideas of the designer being an engineer. explored integration of type and image and tried typo photo // highly contributed to avant- garde photography, innovative sculptures using light and sound. one of the most respected teachers of bauhaus.  Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe  last director at the Bauhaus. pioneer of modern architecture, "Less is more" German architect, studied under Behrens and Gropius // fled to US w Bauhaus - most imaginative work of International style  


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