IT 101 Final Exam
IT 101 Final Exam IT 101
Popular in Introductory Italian I
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Julia Landon on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to IT 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Introductory Italian I in Italian at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 12/06/15
IT 101 Final Exam Study Guide Prepared byjulia Landon PASSATO PROSSIMO Twoverb tense ln nito Participio passato are ato pa rlareljpa rlato ere uto ricevereljrivevu to ire ito ca pireljca pito Will use AVERE will all verbs except the following o Andare o Arrivare o Entrare Essere o Partire These verbs are words Rimanere Stare of locomotion so any Riscire other Similar verbs WIII also use essere o Venlre o Morire Nascere o Diventare Piacere IMPERFETTO Imperfetto vo vamo vi vate va vano In addition to the above endings quota H M ll39ll equot or will be added before the ending The letter is determined by the ending of the regular verb For example 0 quotParlarequot has the stem quotparlquot Because the in nitive ending is quotarequot the imperfetto version would be quotparlaquot imperfetto ending 0 For quotscriverequot the stem is quotscrivquot but once completely formed into the imperfetto it would be quotscrivequot imperfetto ending 0 For quotdormirequot the stem is quotdormquot but once completely formed into the imperfetto it would be quotdormiquot imperfetto ending Irregular imperfetto verbs include the following Essere ero eri era eravamo eravate erano Bere stem quotbevequot 0 Dire stem quotdicequot o Fare stem quotfacequot PASSATO PROSSIMO vs IMPERFETTO Passato prossimo lmperfetto l Speci c General I Actions that are speci c or Descriptions complete Information about temperature An exact number of actions time dates etc Habitual actionsrepeated actions Past actions Mettere and quando are two indicators that the imperfetto will be used If mettere is in between two verbs it means the verbs are in the imperfetto tense lf quando is in between two verbs the verbs will be one of each so you have to decide which is the interrupting action and which is the interrupted action PRONOMI OGGETTO INDIRETTO ANCHE CON IL VERBO quotPIACEREquot Pronomi Oggetto Indiretto I mi Cl ti vi Le gliloro glile This is used onywhen quotaquot or quotperquot persone is used All of these go BEFORE the verb except for quotloroquot which goes directly after the verb When used with quotpiacerequot the person who likes it is the oggetto indiretto while the thing the person liked is the subject Example A Gianni piace la carneGi piace la carne quotPiacerequot is conjugated with quotesserequot when used in the passato prossimo Also quotplacequot is SINGULAR while quotpiaccionoquot is PLURAL PRONOMI OGGETTO DIRETTO Pronomi Oggetto Diretto mi Cl ti vi lola lie The form depends on the number and gender of the noun the POD replaces For example i is the masculine plural form leis the feminine plural form lo is the singular masculine form and la is the singular feminine form A POD immediately precedes a conjugated verb even in a negative sentence They are also attached at the end of an in nitive but the nal quotequot is dropped If the in nitive is preceded by a form of dovere potere or volere the POD can attach to the in nitive or precede the conjugated verb Singular PODS may elide m t etc with words that begin with a vowel or before avere verbs beginning with an h but the plural forms of liand le can NEVER be elided FUTURO The future semplice is formed by dropping the nal quotequot in the in nitive and adding the H ll 11 llemO II llete II llannolll H M endings quoto ai For quotarequot verbs the quotaquot will change to an quotequot Example Pa rla re stem parler pa rlero parlerai pa rlera pareleremo pa rlerete pa rleranno Some verbs have irregular stems in the future and andare is an example of this Andarestem andr andro andrai andra andremo andrete andranno Other verbs that follow the same construction as quotandarequot include Avere avr Dare dar Dovere dovr Essere sar Fare far Potere potr State star Vedere vedr Venire verr Volere vorr PRESENTE ANCHE CON IVERBI RIFLESSIVI Re exive verbs use the direct object pronouns mi ti si ci vi si and are used when the action is directed back at the subject There are two options for how to conjugate it o For alzarsi we have 0 Mi alzo ti alzi si alza ci alziamo vi alzate si alzano o Alzarmi alzarti alzarsi alzarci alzarvi alzarsi These two ways are putting the direct object pronoun in front of the conjugated re exive verb following the regular verb conjugation endings dropping the quotarsiquot quotirsiquot or quotersiquot ending This way is almost always used because you have the re exive verb conjugated most of the time The second way is to change the ending of the verb quotsiquot in in nitive form to the correctcorresponding direct object pronoun This only happens when the re exive verb stays in its in nitive form For the passato prossimo the construction will be DOP essere re exive verb The re exive verbs have singular endings oa and plural endings ie Re exive verbs will ALWAYS use quotesserequot when in the passato prossimo AVVERBI Many adjectives can be transformed into adverbs by attaching quotmentequot to the feminine singular adjective If the adjective already ends in quotequot you can just add quotmentequot to it Examples include 0 Vero l vera l veramente truly Fortunato l fortunata l fortunatamente fortunately 0 Dolce l dolce l dolcemente sweetly If the singular adjective ends in quotIequot or quotrequot and is preceded by a vowel the nal quotequot is dropped before adding quotmentequot Examples include o Gentile l gentil l gentilmente kindly Regolare l regular l regolarmente regularly Examples of adverbs that do not end in quotmentequot include o Bene well Male Po ptot confuts these kwlithc buoncfx It H badw Molto a ca NO or e varia e orms 0 mo 0 lot Gia already 0 Mai never Ancora still Sempre always COMPARATIVI REGOLARI Comparisons are expressed with these words Cos I come as as Tanto quanto as as as muchmany as Piu diche more than er than Meno diche less than For the rst two cos and tanto are usually omitted so only comequanta is left Comequanta is placed after the adjective and cositanto are place before the adjective when used Comparisons of equality with verbs are only expressed with tanto quanta Disjunctive pronouns pronomi tonici follow comequanta Comparisons of inequality moreless than are formed by placing piumeno before the adjective or noun Di is used to express than Disjunctive pronouns are used after quotdiquot in comparisons of inequality and cli contracts with a following article such as della dell degli etc Lessmore than plus a number is expressed as piu dimeno di number Che is only used when directly comparing two words of the same grammatical category and the two words must be directly before and after quotChequot SUPERLATIVI REGOLARI The superlative is formed by using the comparative with the de nite article De nite article pil Jmeno adjective When accompanied by a noun the construction of the sentence depends on whether the adjective normally precedes or follows the noun it modi es Adjectives that follow article noun pil Jmeno adjective Adjectives such as bello bravo buono and cattivo which can precede the noun follow the same work order in the superlative construction Adjectives that precede article piumeno adjective noun Another form is the superlative assouto which is formed by adding quotissimoquot issimaquot quotissimiquot or quotissimequot to the masculine plural of an adjective minus the Iquot Examples 0 Grande pl grandi l grand l grandissimo 0 Ricco pl ricchi l ricch l ricchissimo COMPARATIVI E SUPERLATIVI IRREGOLARI The chart below only shows the singular version of the irregular forms of buono and cattivo in the comparative and superlative AGGETTIVO buono good cattivo bad COMPARATIV migliore better peggiore worse 0 piu buono piu cattivo SUPERLATIV il migliore the best il peggiore the worst 0 RELATIVO i piu buono i piu cattivo The chart below only shows the masculine singular version of the irregular forms of grande and piccolo in the comparative and superlative AGGETTIVO grande big great piccolo small little COMPARATIV maggiore bigger minore smaller lesser O piu grande greater piu piccolo SUPERLATIV il maggiore the biggest il minore the smallest ORELATIVO ilpiu grande the greatest ilpiu picolo the least The chart below shows the irregular comparative forms of bene male megi0 and peggio These forms usually have quoto i tuttiquot added to the end of the phrase to make the superlative version of these comparative words Avverbio Com pa rativo bene well meglio better male badly peggio worse CONOSCERESAPERE Presente Conoscere to knowbe acquainted with someone or something conosco conosciamo conosci conoscete conosce conoscono Presente Sapere to have knowledge of something or nd out something so sappiamo sai sapete sa sanno Passato Prossimo avere conosciuto Passato Prossimo avere saputo PRONOMI TONICI Singolare Plurale me me myself noi us ourselves te you yourself voi youy all yourselves Lei you form loro them luilei him her s yourselves form themselves s yourself form oneself himself herself Disjunctivestressed pronouns follow a preposition or verb and are usually placed in the same place in a sentence as their English equivalents They are used 0 After a preposition 0 La ricetta e per te The prescription is for you 0 Secondo me i fratelli Berardo sono molto sportive In my opinion the Bernardo Brothers are very athletic After a verb to give emphasis 0 Lo amo unemphatic I love him 0 Amo lui emphatic I love him 0 Amo solamente lui emphatic I love only him 0 When an indirect object is emphasized the pronomi tonici must be preceded by an quotaquot Le hanno controllato la vista unemphatic They checked her eyesight Hanno controllato la vista anche a lei emphatic They also checked her eyesight Hanno scritto a lei emphatic They wrote to her 0 Where there are two objects in a sentence either direct or indirect 0 ll dottore ti ha visitato one DOP Did the doctor visit you 0 ll dottore ha visitato ta 0 lui pronomi tonici Did the doctor visit you or him UNDER THE TUSCAN SUN LIBRO E FILM See next sheet
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