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Sociology Final study guide

by: Caoimhe Notetaker

Sociology Final study guide SOCI 2010

Marketplace > Tulane University > Sociology > SOCI 2010 > Sociology Final study guide
Caoimhe Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Foundations of Sociology
David Maddox

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About this Document

based on powerpoint from class
Foundations of Sociology
David Maddox
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Monday December 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOCI 2010 at Tulane University taught by David Maddox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Sociology in Sociology at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 12/07/15
Final Review 12042015 Connections between different types of power 0 Agenda setting Hegemony o Idea that we have big power players and their interest ood the market place of ideas and set the agenda for what is talked about If you are part of a group of people that don t have economic or political power you are less likely to have your concerns heard Invisible power keeps challengers from arising in the rst place Power holder convinces subordinate groups that it is in their best interest to support status quo Appeal to con ict theory Power elite What it means to have an institutionalized form of authority 0 State backed power 0 Ex Policeman Connect to institutionalized racism and discrimination 0 Politics who get what when and how 0 Connect to tax policies 0 Those with economic power can shape structure or have the resources to nd loopholes How we can reconcile sociological theory with classical economical theory 0 We are all rational actors who try to maximize bene ts while minimizing loses economic theory 0 There are observable and measurable social pattern that we can track 0 Social networks 0 0 Economic power in uence market 0 Stock market supposed to be equal but powerful ash boys can speed up interactions buying up closer spaces to stock exchange to have strongest connection and buy stock and sell it to the less powerful at an increased price 0 Coop THE WIRE clip being part of the group had advantages Connections between industrialization urbanization and bureaucracy 0 Increased complexity of division of labor 0 Lead to bureaucracy to manage larger groups of people 0 How changes in our economic structure in uences changes 0 As we moved through the industrialization the model was assembly line model of production High supervision little individualization 0 As we started to deindustrialized those job decreased and service jobs increase which brought a change in our economic structure Diverging outcomes between those with and without education women could get into lower level jobs Change in family roles as industrial jobs decreased In To maintain lifestyle needed dual earner households women in the work force In Women became more independent as they gained economic foothold Life chances Connections between place and life chances o Approaches to how we look at cities and communities Differentiate between urban ecological model natural functional processes ignores racial aspects and political economy of place con ict model 0 Social mobility and spatial mobility How spatial mobility isn t as connected to social mobility among US minority groups Even if they make enough to live in neighborhoods they don t Du Bois era of race relations a Redlining 0 Connected to race relations at given time and place 0 Explanation of cultural structural features of an event Cultural explanations straight line assimilation n Ethnic groups go through process of assimilation o Explains experiences of white ethnics Irish Italians Structural explanation there is an absence of a smooth path for many groups n Segregation n Visible differences a Concentrationisolation reduce opportunities for cultural transmissions stereotypes a Black families didn t receive loans redlining mobility racial covenants contract that you wont ever sell house to blacks EX housing patterns played out different during different eras of race relations prior to abolition ofJim Crow Black were Legally segregated from white afterJim Crow they were still steered away from whites Differentiate between different approaches to community Know Simmel Tonnies Durkheim Suttles Fischer Wellman and Leighton Functionalist urban ecological Political economy of place Similarities and difference between Tonnies Simmel and Durkheim o All saw similar feature in the changes of how we interact As we move to more urban arrangements are interactions will be more instrumental and less affected a What can I get out of this 0 Each incorporate features of urban ecology and add to it issues of race 0 Wellman and Leighton new sense of how to think about community Not just a location community is less bounded by space with increased technology more about a social network Distinguish between each theoretical approach in relation to strati cation o All agree strati cation is universal but what predicts level of inequality differs Functionalist doesn t focus on level of inequality 0 Strati cation is necessary to ll all roles of society those that go to school longer have to be paid more to encourage them to put in the work 0 Con ict theory address issues of inequality status hierarchy is re ective of con icts between different groups of a society Higher levels purposefully put of barricades against those beneath them to maintain their subjugation Poorer people get worse education to reproduce hierarchy Life chances in uences by achieved and ascribed status 0 Component occupation wealth income education work together to effect social mobility Which is most important 0 Open class system in US not very much mobility o Bigger wealth gap than income gap Poverty Explanations for poverty 0 Trends in poverty 0 Explanations for why we see differences in 0 Differences between deprivation and religious adherences Marxist theory opiate of the masses Keep people from rising against those in power Societies with high inequality rely more strongly on religion Social construction of race and ethnicity Racial formation Social construction of race Describe how what it means to be part of a particular race changes based on historical context Combine ideas between inequality by gender and inequality by race 0 Feminist scholar explained inequality by race as well 0 Invisible privileges afforded to men over women privileges of whites over blacks 0 White privilege Stereotyping connected to contact hypothesis 0 One way to reduce racial con ict and gender con ict is to put two people in the same position to work together across purposes and repeated interactions will break down stereotypes Women in the work force Affirmative action Functions and dysfunctions of a racialized status hierarchy Color blind racism 0 Use of principle of race neutrality to de ne racial unequal status quo We have a black president I don t see race Doesn t acknowledge race and therefore doesn t allow progress


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