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exam study guide for behavior ecology

by: Rebecca J Elting

exam study guide for behavior ecology EEOB 3420

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Biological Sciences > EEOB 3420 > exam study guide for behavior ecology
Rebecca J Elting
GPA 3.4

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About this Document

notes cover scientific writing and the development of behavior, which are on exam 5
Animal behavior
Dr. Jackie
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rebecca J Elting on Friday April 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EEOB 3420 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Jackie in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Animal behavior in Biological Sciences at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 04/01/16
Exam 5 study guide Proximate: Physical things that cause the behavior; looks at the genetics side of things; was the  trait turned on from a gene, or developed Hormones play a big role in this. Ultimate: evolutionary reasons for the behavior to occur; looks at the evolutionary side of things; things happen so their offspring can produce, or how it compares with other related species. Example: the nervous system and the release of vasopressin and their receptors. Voles tend to  practice monogamy when there are more receptors and vasopressin.  Ultimate: Evolutionary advantage is the fathers raise the kids and the paternity is more certain.  Proximate: there is a certain gene which controls the making of vasopressin receptors; they are  turned on for a reason. Know the four questions for the four levels of analysis and be able to relate it to any behavior ­how does the behavior change over its maturity ­how does the nervous system and endocrine affect or influence the behaviors? ­ How does the behavior compare with similar related species? ­ How does the behavior help to reproduce and survive? Behavior ecologist try to look at all the questions at the same time. This means they are taking a  proximal and ultimate approach.  No one perspective is more important than the other. Know and understand the nature v.s. nurture debate Your genes or how you are raised influence your behavior. Although some species show the nurture has some influence, it all relates back to genes ­ Blue tit and grey tit, even though grey tits will chose a mate with blue tit if raised by blue  tit, there is something in their brain that doesn’t tell them they are a different species.  Know the honey bee gene expression example and how workers’ genes change based on their age or need in the colony. ­yes it is linked to social environment, however the genes expressed change with time. Types of experiments Common garden­ control environment  Cross presser­ control genetic differences     Scientific writing:  Abstract: a summary of the whole paper, placed at the beginning and typically the first thing read by researchers if they want to pick your article to reference or not.   Hour glass format: the format used in scientific writing going from very broad to more specific  then back to broad. Introduction: the beginning of the paper, gives the reasons why the topic you are studying is  important and back ground information on your research. At the end had the hypothesis. All  while starting out broad and getting more specific. Methods: describes how the experiment was conducted, is very specific. Time place and  equipment used are important things to note. Also if an experiment is conducted on an organism,  often background on the organism is given at the beginning of this section. Results: a statement of what was found, data collected. No interpretations are made yet. Figures  and tables are made to reference in this section. Discussion: interpretation of the data collected. Starting out specific then getting broader. Points  to hit are: was the hypothesis supported? If not why could it be the case?, list any interesting  findings, compare or contrast to other peer reviewed works, and future research. Be able to read peer reviewed articles and find the separate parts of scientific writing.  Be able to identify the hour glass format and if it is followed or not.  


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