Final Exam study guide
Final Exam study guide Middle East Humanities MENA 160A2
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by juan gomez on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Middle East Humanities MENA 160A2 at University of Arizona taught by Yaseen Noorani in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 134 views. For similar materials see Middle Eastern Humanities in Language at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
0 Naji alAli O O O A Palestinian cartoonist Noted for the political criticism of the Arab regimes and Israel in his works He drew over 40000 cartoons I Often re ected Palestinian and Arab public opinion I Were sharply critical commentaries on Palestinian and Arab politics and political leaders 0 Savushun ceremony 0 000000 000 CO Savushun commemoration death of Siyavash Story of Siyavash Shahnameh Father Shah of Iran Like Joseph Yusuf accused by stepmother Sudabeh and passed trial of re Virtuous innocent Was put to death by his fatherinIaw unjustly Avenged by son Kay Khusrow One of the most tragic stories in Persian legend Blood of Siyavash Savushun mourning for Siyavash Why is this an important ritual Mourning for a hero transfers the hero s virtues to the mourners Mourning the hero gives the hero s society will and agency Mourning for the hero brings society together over the virtues of selfsacri ce Eliminates divisions Through death hero quotatones for the sins of othersquot Their sins are cowardice egoism lack of will Mourning for Yusof is Zari s initial act of will and agency Grief for her heroic husband is the catalyst for her to nd herself The 1948 Palestinian exodus meaning disaster catastrophe or cataclysm Occurred when more than 700000 Palestinian Arabs ed or were expelled from their homes during the 1948 Palestinian war 0 Free Officers Revolt O O O A group of nationalist officers in the armed forces of Egypt and Sudan that instigated the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 Originally established in 1945 as a cell within the Muslim Brotherhood under Adbel Moneim Abdel Raouf Included Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein Hamouda Khaled Mohieddin Kamal el Din Hussein Salah Nasr Abdel Hakim Amer and Sa ad Tawfiq 0 Iranian Revolution 0 0 Also known as the Islamic Revolution of the 1979 Revolution Refers to events involving the other throw of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi who was supported by the United States 0 National Culture O 0 Has specific characteristics such as language religion ethnic and racial identity and cultural history and traditions National culture in uences family life education economic and political structures and business practices 0 Jalal Al eAhmad O O O CO 0000 O A prominent Iranian writer thinker and social and political critic He coined the term Gharbzadegi Variously translated in English as westernstruck westoxification and occidentosis Secular leftist intellectual Was member of the communist Tudeh party for a time in the 1940 s Became wellknown as a novelist and social critic by the 1950 s Deeply affected by coup in 1953 Famous for his book Occidentosis 1962 Ideas in Occidentosis Rich Western countries use Third World countries for raw materials and consumption The West suffers from quotmechanosisquot Third World suffers from quotoccidentosisquot Both are forms of cultural alienation and enslavement Human values lie in quotcultural personalityquot of one s nation Many of these ideas are present in Savushun and in uenced Sha aU 0 Hanzala character 0 Civilization and Modernity Shariati 0 Modernist Novel 0 O O 0 Film Farsi 0 American and Indian in uence 0 1948 to 1978 0 Low production values churned out 0 Sex violence gangsters 0 Singing musicals and dance 0 Little Iranian content censorship 0 First nudity in Iranian lm 0 Pleasure of Sin 1964 0 The West 0 Shiraz 0 The sixth most populous city if Iran and the capital of Fars Province 0 Known as the city of poets literature wine and owers 0 It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city 0 Has had major Jewish and Christian communities Imam Husayn The central narrative of Shi i Islam is the martyrdom of Husayn Husayn was the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad Shi i Muslims believe that he was the Imam and Caliph o Husayn and other members of the Prophet s family were killed by the Umayyad army at Karbala in Iraq in the year 680 o Shi i belief is that Muslims were supposed to follow their innocent and heroic leader but abandoned him 0 They should feel guilt for what they allowed to happen 0 Commemoration of Husayn s martyrdom is one of the holiest days in Shi i Islam 0 Passion play ta ziyeh a play that reenacts the martyrdom Karbala 0 City in Iraq 0 Located about 100 km 62 mi southwest of Baghdad O Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governate Suplus production shariati Tudeh party 0 Iranian communist party 0 Formed in 1941 Irony novels 0 Expression of one s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite 0 Typically for humorous or emphatic effect 0 Rhetorical device literary technique or event in Which What appears on the surface to be the case differs radically from What is actually the case 0 May be divided into categories such as verbal dramatic and situational Alienation 0 People lose their culture and their true selves 0 They try to do what modernity makes them do 0 State or experience of being isolated from a group or an activity to which one should belong or in which one should be involved Siyavash O Legendary Iranian prince from the earliest days of the Iranian empire 0 Handsome and desirable young man 0 Name literally means the one With the black horse or black stallion Will and agency Tahmineh Milani o b 1960 0 Degree in architecture 0 Films about women who resist oppression 0 Problems with censorship o Accused of being antirevolutionary after 2001 lm quotThe Hidden Halfquot o Went to jail for 2 weeks international outcry o Continues to direct lms Repression Thief and the Dogs Selfsacrifice 0 Giving up of one s own interests or wishes in order to help others to advance a cause Coming of age novel 0 Genre of literature and film that focuses on the growth of a protagonist 0 Normally from youth to adulthood O Tend to emphasize dialogue or internal monologue over action 0 Mostly set in the past 0 Subjects of these stories are typically teenagers Qajar dynasty O Persianized royal family of Turkic origin 0 Ruled Persia from 1785 to 1925 0 State ruled by the dynasty was officially known as the Sublime State of Persia O Took full control in 1794 Constitutional Revolution 0 Took place between 1905 to 1907 0 Led to establishment of a parliament in Persia during the Qajar dynasty 0 Revolution opened the way for cataclysmic change in Persia heralding the modern era Fear and enslavement
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