New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Shelby Marie

Exam 2 Study Guide HK 440

Shelby Marie
GPA 3.78

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Human Diseases and Disorders
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Human Diseases and Disorders

Popular in Nursing and Health Sciences

This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shelby Marie on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HK 440 at Purdue University taught by Hyner in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Human Diseases and Disorders in Nursing and Health Sciences at Purdue University.


Reviews for Exam 2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 12/08/15
Study Guide for Exam 2 1. Distinguish between viruses, bacteria, rickettsia, fungi, parasites, and prions. a. Viruses - smallest; either have DNA or RNA (never both); rely on the cells of the infected person; criminal who takes over business and forces function to criminal's benefit; seek permissive cells to infect; some strains have shown periodic changes (ex. influenza) b. Bacteria - shape (cocci/round, bacilli/rods, spiral), gram- stain, cultural characteristics, antigenic structure i. Coccus - staph, strep, gonococcus, pneumococcus ii. Bacilli - tetanus, botulinum iii. Spirochetes - syphilis, borrelia, gram positive bacteria retain the purple stain c. Rickettsia - small intracellular bacteria that can multiply only within the cells of an infected person; transmitted by insect bites; examples are Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Chlamydia; small and have characteristics of a virus except antibiotics can work against them d. Fungi - plantlike organisms with chlorophyll and subdivided into yeasts and molds; ex. Tinea (foot fungus from ringworm) and candidiasis (vaginitis) e. Parasites - single or multicellular organisms that have become adapted to living within or on the body of a host; complex life cycle; acquired in soil, water, carried by vector; the ones carried by a vector are hardest to control since they come to us and we don't have to go to them; ex. Amoebas, Giardia, hookworm, crypotosporidium, schistosomes, malaria plasmodium, filarial, Onchocerciasis, and trypanosomiasis f. Prions - abnormal form of a protein; found in the folds; can propagate their damage to other proteins and affect neurological proteins; Kuru, Mad Cow disease (BSE), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Scrappy in sheep, alzheimer's 2. Distinguish between humoral and cellular immunity. What are the functions of "B" and "T" lymphocytes? What are the immunoglobulins? a. Humoral immunity - antibodies, B-lymphocytes, "plasma" cells; bone marrow i. Humors - blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile b. Cellular immunity - involves mostly T-cells, lymphocytes, helper T-cells and T-suppressor cells, thymus derived killer cells, and memory cells c. Function of B lymphocytes - make antibodies, develop into memory cells d. Function of T-lymphocytes - hunt down and destroy cells infected with germs; orchestrate the immune response e. Immunoglobulins i. IgM - largest; arrives early ii. IgG - abundant; crosses placenta iii. IgA - blood, mucosa, respiratory and GI tract iv. IgD - receptor for antigens v. IgE - allergic responses 3. Vaccines exist for a number of childhood diseases. What are these? Which are viruses, and which are bacteria? a. Viruses i. Hepatitis B ii. RV (Rotavirus) iii. Polio iv. Influenza v. MMR - measles, mumps, rubella vi. Varicella vii. Hepatitis A b. Bacteria i. DTap ii. MCV4 - meningitis iii. PCV - pneumococcal iv. Haemophilis influenza 4. Describe the stages of infection. a. Incubation b. Prodromal c. Symptomatic d. Convalescence e. Relapse 5. STDs a. Viruses: herpes, Epstein-barr, HIV, HPV, Hepatitis C b. Bacteria: gonorrhea, syphilis c. Fungi: Histoplasmosis, candida, pneumonia (AIDS) d. Multicellular parasites: pubic lice (crabs) e. Rickettsia: chlamydia 6.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.