Study Guide for the Final
Study Guide for the Final SOCL 100
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Allyson Notetaker on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOCL 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Matthew Pruitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
Chapter 8 Questions 1) What is chattel slavery? People are bought and sold as commodities, sometimes multiple times. 2) When did the United Nations ban slavery? Banned slavery worldwide in 1948 3) In what parts of the world does chattel slavery exist today? (Your text states slavery but should state chattel slavery here.) Middle East, Africa, the Balkans, and Asia 4) What groups were are the top and the bottom of the Indian caste system, and what jobs were associated with each of these levels? The top were the Brahmins: priests, scholars, and educated class The bottom were the Dalits: collecting waste and cleaning the streets. 5) When did India outlaw the caste system? 1949 6) What is meant by nouveau riche? Those with “new money” 7) What is conspicuous consumption? Lavish spending on goods and services to display one’s social status to enhance one’s prestige. 8) Are upper-middle class members more or less likely than the general population to work 50 or more hours per week? The upper-middle class member are more likely to work 50 or more hours per week. 9) What is absolute poverty? Not having enough money to afford the most basic necessities of life. 10)What is relative poverty? Not having enough money to maintain an average standard of living. 11)Why are most people poor? Blaming the poor: Individual Characteristics, Blaming society: structural characteristics 12)As more businesses relocate to the suburbs, how does this affect poor minorities (especially those concentrated in inner city areas)? They are unlikely to hear about employment possibilities or to have the transportation to get to even low-paying jobs. 13)What is horizontal mobility? Moving from one position to another at the same class level. 14)What is vertical mobility? Moving up or down the class hierarchy. 15)What is intragenerational mobility? Moving up or down the class hierarchy over one’s lifetime. 16)What is corporate welfare? An array of direct subsidies, tax breaks, and assistance that the government has created for businesses. 17)About 93% of those in extreme poverty live in what three regions? East Asia, South Asia, and sub-Sahara Africa. 18)Why are low-income countries poor according to modernization theory? The leaders don’t have the attitudes and values that lead to experimentation and the use of modern technology. 19)Why are low-income countries underdeveloped according to dependency theory? They are pawns that high-income countries exploit and dominate. Chapter 10 Questions 1) In a study comparing people with white- and black-sounding names, applicants with white-sounding names received 50% more calls for interviews. 2) By 2025, only 58 percent of the U.S. population is projected to be white—down from 86 percent in 1950. 3) All human beings carry 99.9 percent of the same genetic material. 4) The current proportion of foreign-born U.S. residents is lower/higher than in 1900. Lower 5) In 2009 how many unauthorized, illegal immigrants were in the U.S.? 11 million 6) How many people have been victims of genocide during the 20 century? Over 74 million people 7) Know in order the five largest ethnicities of European descent in the U.S Germany, Ireland, England, Italy, and Poland 8) What group has the highest median income of all U.S. racial-ethnic groups? Latinos 9) What group has higher educational levels than any other racial-ethnic group in the U.S.? Chinese 10)What American Indian tribes have more than 100,000 members? Cherokee, Navajo, Chippewa, and Sioux 11)When did American Indians get the right to vote? 1924 12)Arab Americans are more/less likely than the average U.S. resident to have a college degree. They are nearly twice as likely to have a college degree. 13)What does the contact hypothesis state? The idea that the more people get to know members if a minority group personally, the less likely they are to be prejudiced against that group. 14)What is Tiger Woods’ ethnic makeup? One-eighth Caucasian, one-fourth black, one-eighth American Indian, one-fourth Thai, and one-fourth Chinese. 15)What state has the largest proportion of people who identify themselves as having more than one race? Hawaii 16)In 1958 only 4% percent of Americans approved of marriage between blacks and whites. By 2007, 77% percent approved of such unions.
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