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Last Exam Study Guide

by: Samantha Bynum

Last Exam Study Guide CRJ 3800

Samantha Bynum
GPA 3.5
Criminology Theories
Charles F. Klahm

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About this Document

This covers the topic of the Rational Choice Theory, Situational Crime Prevention, and White Collar Crime for the last exam of the semester.
Criminology Theories
Charles F. Klahm
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Criminology Theories

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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Bynum on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CRJ 3800 at Wayne State University taught by Charles F. Klahm in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Criminology Theories in Criminal Justice at Wayne State University.


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Date Created: 12/08/15
1 Rational Choice Theory b Literature basis i Sociology of deviance 1 Offender that engage in crime don t care about the rewards and then desist from criminal activity 2 Deviance is not a static thing ii Criminology 1 Longitudinal studies show desistance 2 Distribution of crime offenders make rational choices 3 Targets that show high yield low risk are going to be victims target vulnerablility a Wright and Decker target selection 4 Opportunity of offending causes crime Routine Actvities theory iii Economics 1 Viewed crime as an occupational choice 2 Included pleasures beyond economic gain revenge status pleasure 3 Riskreward value crime is deterable Increased pain at the cost of bene ts iv Coginitve psychology 1 Even expects don t always process info in the most rational way a Not absolute sense of rationality 2 Decision makers pay selective attention to certain things versus others 3 Riskiness and decision making may be in uenced by others c 2 Models with their theory i Event Model ii Initial Involvement d Relation to Armed Robberers i Support for RCT from Wright amp Decker 1997 1 Conducted interviews with 86 active armed robberers 2 How did they obtain information a Snowball sampling method b Gave them money c Started with person ii Why focus on active armed robberers a Failed criminals incarcerated b Wanted to understand those who didn t getcaught iv V Why they chose armed robbery a Safer netted cash less time less chance of getting caught may went to use drugs Motivation for committing armed robbery a Supporting drug usepartying Targets a Businessmen soitciting prostitutes 2 Situational Crime Prevention a Clarke s de nition quotpreventation based on improving opportunitiesquot c How to manipulate crime I ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x xi xii Increasing Effort Target hardening Increasing Risk Natural Surviellance Reducing Rewards lndentifying Property 25 Techniques of Situational Prevention Increasing the effort Increase the risks Reduce rewards Reduce provocations Remove Excuses e Talk about 1 of the 7 critism iv v vi vii It s a simplistic and atheoretical It has not been shown to work it displaces crime Diverts attention from root causes of crime Conservative approach to crime Promotes sel sh exclusionary society Promotes Big Brother society Blames the victim 3 White Collar Crime a Discuss one example of company i ii b When i BP FORD PINTO it emerged 1939 c Who coined the term quotWhite Collar Crimequot i d What i Edwin Sutherland it means Criminal activity committed by someone who is respectable and is of high status and is doing it within his or her occupation Since then there s been a shift in emphasis iii Criminal activity in the course of legitimate business companies and corporations don t commit crime iv Dif cult to estimate costs of whitecollar crime because it s dif cult to detect e Street Crime vs White Collar i Compare and harm 1 Street Crime deaths 17034 2 White Collar deaths 112 300 3 Street Crime 18 billion White 809 billion 4 Street Crime 185 billion White 130472 billion f


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