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UGA / Kinesiology / KINS 2010 / What is the type of knowledge represented by a fitness leader’s skill

What is the type of knowledge represented by a fitness leader’s skill

What is the type of knowledge represented by a fitness leader’s skill


School: University of Georgia
Department: Kinesiology
Course: Introduction to Kinesiology
Professor: Schmidt
Term: Fall 2015
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 4 New Material Study Guide
Description: This Study Guide includes all of the new material covered since exam 3: Chapter 12, Chapter 13/14, Chapter 15, Chapter 16, Chapter 17. Guest Lectures including- Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, and The Concussion Crisis! Good luck everyone!
Uploaded: 12/09/2015
36 Pages 64 Views 2 Unlocks


What is the type of knowledge represented by a fitness leader’s skill in motivating his clients to adhere to a disciplined exercise routine, and one that is very difficult for the leader to explain to others is called?



Chapter 12 Class Notes  

Becoming a Physical Activity Professional  

-Learning Objectives

1. Be aware of the characteristics of a profession and be able to  differentiate professional and non-professional work

2. Be able to state the types of knowledge and skills essential for performing professional work

3. Understand the training and skills needed to succeed in your  chose professional field  

-Physical Activity Professions

: Health and Fitness (13)

What is the goal of the sport management professions?

: Therapeutic Exercise (14)

: Teaching physical education (15)

: Coaching and sport instruction (16)

: Sport Management (17)

-Characteristics of professionals  

: Master complex skills (grounded and guided by systematic  theory and research- what differentiates professionals : Ex. Dentist vs. dental hygienist  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the consequences of arctic sea ice loss?

-Dental hygienist aren’t necessarily dental hygienist  

don’t have the knowledge or research  

: Perform services for others

-Clients or patients

: Are granted a monopoly by the community to supply certain  services  

-Tests, certifications

: Are guided by ethical codes

-Formal and informal, preserve health and well being  

Whom would you contact to get into maximum physical shape?

of clients  

: Formal- written document, standards what’s  

ethical not ethical

: Meet expectations and standards prescribed by their  professional subcultures We also discuss several other topics like What behavior by one of the students offended the barbadian villagers?

-Professional Attributes of Occupations falls a long a continuum : Major Professions

-All of the characteristics of professions

: Ex. PT, OT

: Minor Professional

-Some of the characteristics of professions

: Ex. Dental hygienist, fitness instructors, personal  

trainers, PT assistants  

: Nonprofessions

-None of the characteristics of professions  

-Ex. Hourly workers, punch in punch out, close  


-Ex. Waitresses, Athletes  

-Occupation of the Day:

-Personal Trainer

: Minor professional  

: Many different certifications (one characteristic of  


-ACSM Certified Personal Trainer (CPT)

: “The ACSM Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) is qualified to plan  and implement exercise programs for healthy individuals or  those who have medical clearance to exercise. The CPT  facilitates motivation and adherence as well as develops and  administers programs designed to enhance muscular strength,  endurance, flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness, body  composition, and/or any of the motor skills related components  of physical fitness” ACSM website Don't forget about the age old question of Who discovered that tobacco grows well in a warm climate?
Don't forget about the age old question of How many apostles did jesus have?

-ACSM CPT Certification

 : Qualifications

: +18 years

: High school Diploma or Equivalent  

: Adult CPR/AED Certification  

: Cost

- $219 for ACSM Members

-$ 279 for non-members

-$ 150 for Re-test  

: Must Pass 150 Question Exam

-Doman I: Initial client consultation and Assessment- 26% -Domain II: Exercise programming and implementation 27%

-Domain III: Exercise Leadership and Clients Education 27%

-Domain IV: Legal, Professional, Business and Marketing 20% We also discuss several other topics like For how long was there no difference between a christian and a jew?

-Test Outline

-Professionals have mastered complex skills grounded in theory -Professionals  

: Draw on a complex body of knowledge and theory that is  developed through systematic research  

: Are gifted thinkers and are also gifted doers

(practitioners), able to bring about predetermined  

outcomes efficiently and effectively, usually on behalf of  others; and  

: Are skilled experts with the genitive perceptual and  interpersonal skills needed to succeed in their profession  

-Foundations of Professionals Expertise  

: Theoretical kinesiology knowledge

-Have to keep up with new knowledge and research  

: Physical activity experience

: Professional Practice knowledge  

: Workplace knowledge

-Specifics of a given job

-How to bill for the clients here  

-Types of knowledge that make professionals experts

: Kinesiology theory

: Professional practice knowledge

: Workplace knowledge

-As a result of their knowledge, professionals develop a  range of cognitive, perceptual, and motor skills, anchored  in theoretical, workplace, and practice knowledge that  enable them to achieve predetermined outcomes  If you want to learn more check out What is wildlife management?

efficiently and effectively  

-What do professionals do?

: Perform services for clients or patients

-Services based on a commitment to others

: Sacrificing one’s own needs for those of clients

-Services rendered are expert

-Services are based on clients’ needs/interests

: Have a monopoly of the delivery of services

-Fill a community need

-Have specific knowledge and training

-Have well developed skills  

: Certification

: Licensure

: Collaborated with colleagues to ensure high standards and  ethical practices  

-Role of professional societies and conferences  

-Importance of codes of codes of ethical conduct  

-Licensure and professionalism  

: Adhere to standards of their professional subculture

-Socialized to workplace expectations  

-Maintain high standards

: Are very organized

: Are not “clock watchers”

: Are appropriately attired

: Practice good grooming and hygiene  

-Career exploration

: What types of careers are available to those with a kinesiology  degree

: Link with the list  

-Ex. PT, OT, Sport management, PA, registered nurse  

-How do our values shape our professional conduct? * Look this over in the book

: Mechanical, market-drive professionalism  

- Practitioners value the profession, profit, personal  

prestige, and status over clients rights/needs

: Ex. Certified financial planner, some Lawyers,  


: Social trustee, civic professionalism

-Practitioners value clients and the social good more than  themselves or their profession  

: The personal values you bring to your work will determine your  goals and method of operation as a professional  

-How are physical activity professionals educated for the workplace? -Academic areas

: Liberal arts and sciences

: Course work in physical activity knowledge  

: Course work in theoretical knowledge

: Course work in professional practice knowledge and  professional skills

: Internships  


: A cumulating educational and evaluative experience for pre professionals that  

-Teaches you how to apply the knowledge and skills you  have learned in our professional program to a real-life  situation, and  

- Tests your level of preparedness to enter professional  practice  

-Are you suited for a career in physical activity professions? : Do my attitudes, values, and goals match those of  


: Am I interested- really interested- in physical activity : Do my attitudes, interests, and talents lend themselves to a  specific physical activity profession?

: Will my college or university program prepare me well? : How committed am I to preparing to be the best professional  possible?

-Excellence in academic work

-Early identification with the professional field

-Engagement in college or university life

-Participation in volunteer services

-Attending graduate school  


: Which of the following is least likely to be considered a  profession?

A. Physical Therapy Assistant

B. Athletic Shoe salesperson 

C. Collegiate basketball coach

D. Athletic trainer

: The type of knowledge represented by a fitness leader’s skill in  motivating his clients to adhere to a disciplined exercise routine,  and one that is very difficult for the leader to explain to others is  called  

A. Applied theoretical knowledge

B. Theoretical kinesiology knowledge

C. Professional practice knowledge

D. Workplace knowledge

Therapeutic Exercise and Health and Fitness Careers

Class Notes Chapter 13 and 14

-Aging US society= Job Growth

: Many more millions of people here that are age 50 +  : These are the people that are gonna have more chronic  disease  

: And more accidents and surgeries that need medical and  therapeutic attention

 : This group is the baby boomer group  

-Professions in Health and Fitness

: Group fitness instructor  

: Health and fitness specialist  

: Wellness Coach

: Personal Trainer

: Health and fitness director  

-Public health educator

-Clinical exercise physiology  

-Therapeutic exercise profession

-Registered dietitian

: Others  

-Health and Fitness Settings

: Worksite

- Places outside around or in the worksite to be able to be  more active during the day  

-Weight management, stress relief etc.  

: Commercial

-Used to mostly be this

-Gym setting

-For profit endeavor= make money through fitness  

: Ex. Fitness in 5

: Ex. Omni

: Ex. Ramsey is not  

- Two main types  

:Long term contract vs. short term contracts  

: Clinical


-Outpatient clinics

-Therapy centers for general health and wellness

-Help each patient with health and wellness not for injury

-Prenatal exercise classes, nutrition classes, etc  

: Community  

- Park trails, leisure services, YMCA

- Not seeking profit

-Mission is to serve the community- especially those with  limited access  

 Recently, the lines between these settings have  

blurred, resulting in expanded job descriptions and a  

greater number of positions  

-Group Exercise Instructor  

: Leader of aerobic exercise classes, outdoor activities, aquatic  fitness classes, exercise classes for specific populations ( older  adults, pregnant women, children )

: Degree in kinesiology or another health and fitness related  discipline recommended  

: Competent with current exercise trends (for example, Pilates,  yoga, tai chi)

: Certified ACSM Exercise leader of ACE group fitness instructor : Needs to be knowledgeable and dynamic, have excellent  leadership skills, and enjoy working with people in a group  setting  

: Higher than fitness instructor (semi-professional)

-Fitness Instructor

 : Entry-level position, typically hourly wage

: Orients generally healthy clients to fitness equipment, design  basic exercise programs

: Certification offered by American Council on Exercise and  American College of Sports and Medicine

: May be working towards bachelor’s degree in kinesiology or  another health and fitness related discipline

: Able to excite people to become and stay physically active  

-Health and Fitness Specialist  

: Might supervise fitness instructor  

: Professional position

: Requires degree in kinesiology or another health and fitness  related discipline and certification(s)

: Conducts fitness and functional assessments, designs  comprehensive individualized exercise programs that incorporate strength, flexibility and aerobic fitness components

: Typically requires BS in kinesiology or another health and  fitness related  

: Works with specialized -population) such as elderly, children,  adolescents

-Wellness Coach

: Relatively new career option

: Requires minimum of bachelors degree in kinesiology or  another health and fitness related discipline

: Helps others change their lifestyle to move toward a state of  optimal health by focusing on behavior change, stress  management, relaxation techniques, time management, smoking cessation, weight management, and exercise prescription  : Often available in commercial fitness centers

: Might be employed by corporations or insurance companies  : Often work by themselves as individual contractors – in that  case need to promote your business and be a business person as well

-Personal Trainer

: Credentials vary depending on workplace setting. Some  settings- no degree or certification required. In others, degree in  kinesiology or another health and fitness related discipline and  certification may be required  

 : Understands weight management, stress management,  physical fitness, sport conditioning

: Works independently or is employed at a facility

: Business Savvy

: “Counselor”  

: Aesthetic or performance objectives  

-Health and Fitness Director

: Bachelors degree in kinesiology; may require graduate degree : Experience as health and fitness counselor or personal trainer : ACSM health or fitness director

: Manages facility’s service and programs

: May supervise team of managers  

: Hires, Trains and provides support for staff

: Does business planning, establishes budgets and renovations,  selects equipment, designs and markets programs, forecasts  trends  


-What’s My Profession?

- Work with groups

- No nutritional advice

- Doesn’t design programs for injury rehab

- No fitness assessments

- Resistance rings= yes

A. Health and Fitness instructor

B. Personal Trainer

C. Wellness Coach  

D. Group Fitness Instructors 


: Which is NOT a professional career in health and fitness  A. Physical Therapist 

B. Wellness coach

C. Personal Trainers

D. Health and fitness director  

Sorry for the change in symbols here. Was trying something  new to see how I liked it. The format is the same though, just  different symbols! Thanks  

∙ Therapeutic exercise define

o Typically addresses things due to injury or disease

o Systematic and scientific application of exercise and  movement experiences to develop or restore:

 Muscular strength, endurance, or flexibility

 Neuromuscular coordination

 Cardiovascular efficiency

 Other health and performance factors

o Programmed physical activity aimed at improving or  restoring quality of life

o Classified as being rehabilitative or habilitative

o Rehab: any treatment to reverse loses

∙ Type of therapeutic exercise

o Rehabilitation: process and treatments that restore skills or functions that were previously acquired but have been lost  because of injury, disease or behaviors

o Habilitative: processes and treatments leading to the  acquisition of skills and functions considered normal and  expected for an individual of a certain age and status

∙ Rehabilitative therapeutic exercise

o Exercise therapy for the rehabilitation of

 Musculoskeletal injuries

 Athletic injuries

 Postsurgical trauma

 Older populations

 Psychological disorders (min-body relationship)

 Cardiopulmonary system

∙ Habilitative therapeutic exercise

o Exercise therapy for habilitation of

 Obese populations

 Children with developmental disorders

 General fitness

∙ Sedentary populations

 Specialized performance

∙ Meet standard that exceed rather than merely  

meet those of the general population (sport  

training, military boot camp, fore or police  


∙ Hab or Rehab???  

o 1. John is a recent amputee who has started to participate  in wheelchair basketball. Although his arm strength is  sufficient for day-to-day activities, he still needs work to  maneuver on the court. He works with his physical  

therapist to strengthen his arms and become a better  basketball player.  

 Habilitation: what john lost with the amputation was  his ability to walk (he will never get his ability to walk back). He can function in a wheel chair in day to day  activities. Improving his skills in wheelchair  

basketball does not make his day to day life easier  

and it is therefore habilitation

o 2. Mary is a diabetic who had a portion of her foot removed due to gangrene. She is determined to return to work in  another two or three weeks, walking “normally”, and needs regular physical therapy to accomplish this. Currently she  is having trouble with her balance and the lack of feeling  that she has in that foot

 Rehabilitation: Mary is working on skills with her  therapist on skills that she needs to live a normal and functional day to day life and therefore this scenario  is an example of rehabilitation; trying to get  

something back that she lost

o 3. The university athletic training staff currently screens all  of its athletes every fall to establish a baseline of muscular  strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory fitness,  

flexibility, and balance. Staff members also look at the  muscular symmetry and check for changes in medical

health. John notices that Matt’s left quadriceps is much  stronger than his right and develops a plan for Matt to  improve the strength of his right quadriceps.

 Habilitation

o 4. Marty is recovering from ACL surgery on his right knee  and has reached the point that he is returning to  

competitive play as the lacrosse goalkeeper. In order to  prevent further injury to Marty’s right knee, his athletic  trainer is focusing on his technique to ensure that he is  play ready and that he is not doing anything unnecessary  

or improper to stress the knee.

 Rehabilitation: Had surgery that effected a problem  that was due to injury; trying to regain skill

∙ Therapeutic exercise setting

o Inpatient facilities

 Rehab hospitals

 Custodial care facilities/ nursing home

o Outpatient clinic settings  

 Specialized (cardiac care, orthopedic, etc.)

 Generalized

 Home care: therapists make sure that patients can  function in their home setting because sometimes  

treatment in an office doesn’t translate to the home  because of a change in environment  

o Sport team settings

 Athletic training/weight rooms

 Cardiovascular fitness center

o Private practice

 More physical therapists than occupational therapists ∙ Professions in therapeutic exercises

o Credentials for each profession vary, overlap and also  change regularly

 Pay careful attention to the changing required  

standards for employment for education, licensure,  and so on

o A strong science base and an active clinical education  component are critical to your preparation and success ∙ Athletic Trainer: responsible for the prevention, evaluation,  management, treatment and rehabilitation of athletic injuries  (address and assess injuries)

o Education and Credentials

 Certification through the Commission on  

Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE);  clinical experience required

∙ Athletic trainers will likely not be able to  

practice with just an undergraduate degree  

(within the next 5 years)

o Employment opportunities

 High schools, colleges, and universities, and  

professional sport teams, hospital, sports medicine  

clinics, industrial rehabilitation clinics, and other  

allied medical environments  

o Salary (with master’s degree) $51,000

 ∙     Clinical Exercise Physiologist 

o Cardiac, pulmonary and metabolic disease care

 Exercise testing and prescription; program  


o Education and credentials

 Recommended undergraduate and graduate degree ∙ Specialized courses and certifications (ACSM)

o Exercise specialist (ES)

o Registered clinical exercise physiologist  


∙ Required credentials vary by state

o Employment Opportunities (link on PowerPoint)

o Salary $45,000

∙ Strength and Conditioning Specialist: (focus on habilitation)  maximizes physical performance, reduces frequency of injury,  and decreases the possibility of cardiovascular disease by  designing programs for the specific needs of the individual (sport and activity specific)

o Settings: universities, health clubs, fitness centers, athletic  training

o Education and credentials

 Bachelor’s degree in kinesiology preferred, required  for some cert.  

 Certifications recommended

∙ National Strength and Conditioning Association,

ACSM etc.

o Salary $30,600

∙ Therapeutic Recreation specialist: treats people with physical ,  cognitive, emotional or behavioral disabilities to restore  function/reduce the effect of disability

o Recreation therapists utilize leisure activities to restore  function

o Education and Credentials

 Bachelor’s degree in therapeutic recreation  

 Internship under a certified recreation specialists  

 National certification exam etc

o Employment opportunities  

 Limited growth because of cuts in hospital settings  o Salary $38,000

∙ Occupational Therapist: helps injured or ill individuals reach their  maximum level of independence by emphasizing the acquisition  and retention of functional skills

o Employment opportunities  

 Growth related to increased services being provided  to children and middle-aged individuals at greater  

risk for cardiovascular disease and illness

o Lots of overlap between OT and PT

o Salary  

∙ Physical Therapist: provides rehabilitative care to a diverse  patient population with a wide range of injuries, illnesses and  disease

o Plans, directs, implements patient care – doctorate,  masters

o PT assistant

 Delivers care under the direction of PT- accredited  

two year program

o Emplyment settings

 Geriatric care

 Pediatric care

 Sport Physical Therapy

o Employment opportunities

 Increased survival rates of accident victims along  

with increased support from employers indicates  

growth in job opportunities  


1. Which of the following is the best example of a person in need of  habilitative therapeutic exercise?

a. A 70-year old man lacking strength and balance due to a  stroke

b. A 17 year old girl with a torn ACL

c. A 34 year old man weighing 270 lbs who is unable to  function daily without fatigue 

d. A 56 year old heart attack patient

2. Whom would you contact to get into maximum physical shape? a. Therapeutic recreation therapist

b. Strength and conditioning specialist 

c. Physical therapist

d. Occupational therapist

Chapter 15 Class Notes

Careers in Teaching Physical Education


: Mr. Woodcock- Hurts the career with this perception of PE  teachers

-What does a “REAL” PE teacher do?

: He or she….

-Works at a noble profession each day,

-Teaches subject matter most linked with quality of life -Provides an atmosphere where students who often  

struggle can succeed

-Helps children begin, learn to maintain, and develop a  lifetime of physical activity, and… become a physically  literate individual  

-A physically literate individual

∙ Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement  patterns

∙ Applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies, and  tactics as they apply to movement and performance

∙ Demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain  a health-enhancing level of PA and fitness

∙ Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects  self and others

∙ Recognizes the value of PA for health, enjoyment, challenge,  self-expression, and/or social interaction  


 : Why do people go into teaching?

: What are the benefits of being a teacher?

: What are the negatives about teaching?

-Why teach??

: Love children

: Better society

: Summers off

: Influence others

: Improve children’s knowledge

: Shape young minds

-Teaching Benefits

: Salary (2011 avg. 52,000 per year)

: Teaching diverse activities  

: Tenure

: Intrinsic rewards  


: Matt woodrum. Run with me./Story of a kid with cerebral palsy

-Teaching Negatives

: Inadequate facilities

: Overcrowding

: Discipline issues

: Non-subject duties



-Bus Duties

-Principles of the Pedagogy of Physical Activity

: Pedagogy (Sport pedagogy) of physical activity is the study of  teaching physical activity 

: Effective instructors

-Understand their subject and  

-Know how to convey in in a manner that will lead to  

success for all students  

-Key Pedagogical Principles Based on Research

1. Begin to develop expertise by acquiring experience and new  knowledge

2. Provide appropriate practice

: Remember principle of quality and quantity (chp 3)

3. Provide a high amount of academic learning time (aka time on  task, or engaged time).

: >50% of time should be appropriately engaged  

4. Always be concerned about class management and discipline : Management

-Proper organization

: Discipline

-Teaching rules, enforcement of rules, and rewarding  

exceptional behavior  

5. Asses for student learning  

: Ex. Tophat, Exams

6. Provide clear, specific feedback

: Should be correct, prompt, and specific

-Swing harder= wrong  

-need constructive and helpful feedback

7. Develop knowledge about alternative curricular models : Lots of different types


-Spot Education

-Wilderness and adventure

-Social development

: Should be interesting to student and produce greatest  opportunity for learning  

8. Ensure and equitable learning environment that addresses the individual needs of all learners  

: Common forms of discrimination

-Having a bias against student with less ability (such  

as using elimination games ex. dodgeball)

-Singling out obese and out-of-shape students in  

negative ways

-Allowing other students to ridicule or embarrass low

skilled or obese students

9. Be mindful of teacher-coach role conflict

: Role conflict is defined as two or more incompatible roles  that are difficult to perform simultaneously  

-Teacher Tasks

: Instructional (teaching)

-Explaining or preforming a skill

- Strategy

-Evaluating students

: Managerial



-Equipment organization

: Other tasks

-Hall, lunch room, recess duty

-Parent-teacher meetings

-Staff meetings  

-Non-School Teaching

: Clubs

: Community organization

: Elderly people  

: Resorts

: Military

-School teaching

: K-12



: Special interests schools

: College professor

: Adapted PE

-How to get a job teaching PA

: Each state has their own requirements  

: Usually coursework and state tests

: Public is required to be certified in each state, private schools it  is not  

: Can go from state to state-take tests, meet requirements  

-You might be a Physical Education Teacher if you…

: Like sport/PA

: Enjoy interaction with people

: Have a service orientation

: Want to coach sports

: See you career as being in a role where you can have a (direct)  positive impact on someone else  

-Relevant coursework  

: Anatomy/ Physiology

: Health Education

: Teaching Methods

: Biomechanics and Exercise Science

: Community Service learning practicums

: For course sequence

-Foundations of physical education (1st semester)

-Elementary methods (2nd semester)

-Secondary methods and curriculum (3rd semester)

-In sum

: Teaching is a PROFESSION that…

-Requires some specific skills and characteristics  

-Is noble and rewarding work

-Allows you to have impact

-A profession with a purpose (…and given the shape of our  nation, a very important one)  


1. To what does teacher-coach role conflict refer

A. The challenge of meeting the conflicting demands of the two positions 

B. The similarities of the work environment  

C. The differences in salary demands

D. The values and desires of each position  

2.The Recommendation for on-task, functional learning time is  that for a minimum of ___________ of the total class time, student  should be engaged in physical activity  

A. 20 Percent

B. 30 Percent

C. 40 Percent

D. 50 Percent 

Chapter 16 Class Notes  

Careers in Coaching and Sport Instruction

-Goal of coaching and Sport instruction professions

: To help participants in activity settings develop and maintain a  modest to high level of motor skill performance and fitness  -Have knowledge and background  

: Goal reached through well-designed practice and conditioning  sessions that involved explanation, instruction, and verbal and  visual feedback  

-Designing effective sessions, include- appropriate  

feedback, practice, open vs. closed,  

-Sport Instruction vs. Coaching

: The act of sport instruction

-Specific instructional activities for promoting learning in  novices  

: The act of coaching  

- Specific instructional activities designed to improve  

performance in elite athletes  

: Activities common to acts of sport instruction and coaching - Instructional activities designed to alter attitudes,  

knowledge, and behaviors with respect to physical activity  

-Responsibilities of sport instructors  

: Time spent instructing >supplemental responsibilities  : Supplemental responsibilities

-Repairing and maintaining equipment

-Organizing records of student progress

-Advertising classes

-Meeting with parents

-Monitoring security of facility

-Keeping financial records  

-Participating in professional organization

-Continuing education or certification

-Responsibilities of coaches

: Time spent instructing < Supplemental responsibilities  : Supplemental responsibilities

-Monitoring security and preparing playing facilities and  locker rooms

-Scheduling and planning trips

-Recruiting players

-Meeting with parents

-Scouring other teams

-Reviewing game film

-Talking to media

-Hiring personnel

-Evaluating officials

-Motivating and counseling athletes  

-Important qualities for coaches/instructors

-Communication skills

-Decision making skills

: Choosing roster

: Who’s your starting quarterback

 : When to make substitutions

: What plays to call  


: Takes a lot a lot of time

-Interpersonal skills

: Working with fellow coaches and players

-Leadership skills

: So people will respect you and listen to what you have to  say  


-Common styles of coaching

: No set style- but there are certain characteristics  

: Authoritarian

: Friendly

: Distant, but Approachable  

: Casual

: Usually will use different styles depending on the situation

-Coaches and Scouts

: 2012 median Pay: 28,360 per year  

-Salaries of select UGA coaches

: Mark Richt (football) = 4 million

: Mark Fox (MBB)= 1.7 million

: Joni Crenshaw (WBB)=575,000

: Jack Baurele (Swimming)= 250,000

: Chris Haack (Men’s golf)= 200,000

: Josh Brewer (Womens golf)= 125,000

: Manuel Diaz (Men’s Tennis)= 240,000

: Lu Harris- Champer (softball coach) = 140,000

: Average UGA full professor= 109,400

-Secondary School Coaches

 : Primarily teach; receive stipend for coaching

: Teach physical skills, keep stats, schedule practices, games,  and tournament, manage equipment, arrange transportation,  and raise funds

-College and University Coaches

: Team and facility management, budgeting, recruiting, public  relations, and athlete eligibility

: Winning more important

: Differences between Division I, II, III schools  

-Are you suited for a Coaching career?

: Which setting are you interested in coaching (community,  commercial, institutional)?

: What athletes do you want to work with (youth, skilled,  specialized?)

: Are you good at dealing with people?

: Are you an effective communicator?

: Are you a leader?

: Can you plan and organize?

-Advice for Coaching Students

: Are you really suited?

 : Lay out a plan

-Identify opportunities to take coaching courses

-Seek coaching experience

-Be a voracious reader of materials related to the sport -Build a network of active coaches (being NOW)

: Work on perceived weaknesses

: Stay up to date and continue to advance your knowledge and  training

-Tophat: The good, the bad, and the ugly in coaching  

-What do you feel are the most important attributes of effective  coaches?

-What doe you feel are the 3 most common weaknesses of  ineffective coaches?

Class Notes Chapter 17

Careers in sport Management  

-Sport Management-A growing Field

: Highly competitive, but growing  

: 189 billion industry (2005 estimate)- larger than oil and gas or  computer and electronic manufacturing  

: Where does this figure come from?

-79 billion spent on equipment, apparel, and footwear : A little high because we all have certain footwear  

and athletic clothes even if we don’t play in sport  

-49 billion by sport spectators

-14 billion on sponsorships, TV, Internet, and magazine ads -+1 billion on both fantasy sport entry fees and sport video games  

: Likely to be substantially higher today

-Big issue with fantasy sports

: Seems like online gambling-which is illegal  

: Law 2006 banning Internet gambling at that time

- But excluding fantasy football from this

: The gambling was first with just friends  

: Government said it wasn’t on chance- it was based  

on skill so therefore it wasn’t gambling  

-Growth in the Sport Industry

: The sport industry has grown significantly in both variety and  complexity since the 1800s  

: Growth related to

-Technological developments  

-Greater discretionary monies and time

- Flexible work assignments

-Changing demographics and psychographics, evolving  consumer needs and desires, and

-Other societal influences  

-What is Sport Management?

: The market in which the products offered to its buyers are  fitness, sport, recreation, and leisure related

: These products include

-Goods (baseball hats etc.)

-Services (Sports marketing- ex. trying to get people  

to come to the volleyball game, helath clubs)

-People (ex. professional players )

-Places (ex. Golf courses)  


-Goal of Sport Management Professions

: To provide support services, facilities, and other amenities to  make physical activity experiences- performance as well as  spectatorship-as enjoyable as possible

: Sport managers are more involved in the activities and job  responsibilities surrounding the actual event than they are in the  sport or activity itself  

: Ex. Basketball game tonight what are sport managers  involved in?

-Concessions, ticket sales, advertising, entertainment

(little competitions, fire cannons with free t-shirts

-Possible career paths

: Marketing coordinator for a local speedway

: Program coordinator for a YMCA

: General manager for a golf course

: Athletic director in a high school  

: Development officer for a college or university athletic  department

: Event manager for a triathlon

: Manager of a sports medicine retail store  

-3 Main sports industry settings

: Entertainment

Ex. Harlem globetrotters,  

: Sport  

Ex. Fitness clubs, bowling alley, skating rinks

: Support services  

Ex. Sporting good equipment, hats, shoes, football  

helmets, evo shields, lessons, camps, sport insurance,  

Role for sport management professionals

: Event Management

Ex. Olympics, Basketball game, World Cup

: Financial Management

Ex. Resources to support new stadium, new team, paying  out the different people players coaches,  

: Human Resources Management

: Risk Management  

: Marketing Management  

: Public Relations Management  

: Program Management

-Event Management

: Responsible for risk management, security, venue setup,  concessions, scheduling, game presentation, etc.  

: For small events, on person can fulfill this duty. For large  events, many more people are needed  

: Must think about things like traffic control, crowd control,  resource availability, management and coordination of paid  personnel and volunteers  

: Sport commissions, local entities that attempt to attract  sporting events and franchises to their cities are increasing  

-Financial Management

: Crucial to the operation of most sport organizations  

: May administer budgets, oversee income allocation, pursue  development opportunities, handle investments, etc.  : Two areas of sport financial management that provide  significant opportunities  

- Accounting: Make sure money going out does not exceed  money coming in

-Facility Finance: In 2005, +9 billion was spent on  

construction. This person’s responsibility is to figure out  where this money is coming from  

-Human Resource Management  

: Personnel Management

-Recruit, train, retain

-In addition, may organize daycare for employees, stock  ownership plans, professional development opportunities,  fitness facilities, and counseling services  

-If working for a union- negotiations regarding pay, working conditions, etc.  

-Risk Management  

: The lawsuit heavy culture cultivated this area

: Sport industry views it as losses resulting from improper  security, food service distribution, warnings, supervision,  instruction, and facility and equipment design  

: Extremely important in amateur and professional settings  because of the need to comply with complex rules and  regulations established by governing organizations

: Some colleges use outside legal assistance

-Marketing Management

: Key to success of any aspect of sport- company, venue, team  etc

: Can include

-Research and development

-Sport promotion

-Sport sponsorship




-Public Relations Management

: Seeks to achieve positive relationships between the sport  organization and its important constituents

: May produce organizational media, manage organizational  websites and social media platforms, track stats, arrange  interviews, supply story ideas, fan relations, customer relations,  community relations  

-Program Management

: Common in all sport industry segments

: Two common task areas: scheduling and maintenance -Scheduling-games, events, practices

-Facility and Equipment Management- must meet the  needs of consumers

-Education and Qualification

: Choosing the right program for you  

: 7 areas of curricula

-Foundations of Sport (social, psychological, international) -Management of Sport  


-Sport Marketing and Communication

-Sport Finance, Accounting, Economics

-Sport Law

-Integrative experience (internship, policy manual, etc)  

-Trends and Opportunities in Sport Management  

 : Sport is growing- bright future

: AS sport management becomes more complex and competitive, those who can form successful partnerships will be in high  demand  

: Table 17.1 from the textbook= Mean salaries for selected jobs in sport

-Advice for students

: Practical Experience- internships are extremely valuable. Make  yourself marketable for the best ones

: Mentors- offer you a glimpse at what the real job is like, help  hone skills, assist in making connections  

: Problem solving skills

: Communication skills  


1. Offering Product samples, reducing prices on tickets, and  arranging player appearances in order to increase consumption  of a sport product are examples of  

A. Promotions

B. Distribution

C. Advertising  

D. Merchandising  

2. Ice-skating and bowling alleys would fall under which setting  of the sport management industry

A. Recreation

B. Support services

C. Participation

D. Entertainment  

Doctor Of Physical Therapy 

: Brenau University  

: Dr. Tracy Wright  

What It means to be a PT

: “ It means making a difference in peoples lives everyday. In my  work I am able to witness the incredible ability of the human  body to heal. One of the aspects I enjoy most is the many roles  of a PT including being a healthcare professional, healer,  motivator, coach, and caregiver.”  


: PT careers

: PT education

: PT Admissions Process

: Is PT a right career for you?  

-Physical Therapists are Movement experts

: Physical Therapists are health care professionals who diagnose  and treat individuals of all ages with medical problems or other

health-related conditions that limit their abilities to move and  perform functional activities in their daily life  

-Role of PT in health care

: Diagnose and manage movement dysfunction and enhance  physical and function abilities  

: Restore, maintain, and promote optimal  

-Physical function

-Could be injuryhealing

-Could come to PT’s wanting to prevent injury (ex.  


-Wellness and Fitness, and  

-Exercise Phys- specialty options

- Quality of life as it relates to movement and health

: Prevent the onset, symptoms, and progression of impairments,  functional limitations, and disabilities that may result from  diseases, disorder, conditions, or injuries  

-Where Do physical therapists work?

: Acute care

: Extended care facility (Ex. Nursing home)

: Home Health

: Hospice

: Industrial and Workplace environments

: Local, state, and Federal Governments

: Outpatient clinic

: Rehab hospital ( ex. shepherd)

: Research Center

 : School

: Wellness, Prevention, Sports, and Fitness Centers  

: Pediatrics

: Can transition settings if you want to work in different places

-Examples of Conditions treated by physical therapists : Arthritis  

: Back pain

: Balance

: Burns

: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

: Developmental Delays

: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

: Dislocations

: Fractures

: Hand Injuries

: Headaches

: Incontinence

: Lymphedema

: Osteoporosis

: Pelvic Pain

: Sport injuries

: Stroke  

: Traumatic Brian Injury (TBI)

-Core Values of Physical Therapists

: Critical Elements of Professionalism for Physical Therapists -Accountability





- Professional Duty



-Professional attire  

- Social Responsibility  


: Kids/ School system- everything is a game.

: Outpatient

: Hospitals

: Army guys with amputees

High Job Satisfaction  

: CNNmoney.com gave PT a grade of “A for personal satisfaction”  as a quality of life indicator in 2012

: Forbes ranked PT as one of the 10 happiest jobs in 2011 : PT have one of the highest job satisfaction levels  

-78% very satisfied with their chose career

-2007 National Opinion Research Center Report

-Job Outlook

-PT employment Expected to Grow by 39% through 2020 : US Bureau of Labor statistics, 2013

: 198,600 current employment

: 276,000 projected employment by 2020

-Best Jobs in America

: US. News and World Report: 2013, 2012, and 2009

-Fastest Growing Jobs

: CNNmoney.com: 2012,2010

-Highest growth expected in rural areas and geriatrics -Don’t have to be in one location- needed all over

-Benefits of Physical Therapist Career

: Make a difference

: Be a Movement Expert

: Enjoy Job Security

: Love your job

: Choose your location

: Be an Entrepreneur  

-Physical Therapist Degree  

: Doctor Of Physical Therapy (DPT program)

: To practice as a PT in the US, you must

-Earn a DPT degree from a program accredited by the  commission of Accreditation in PT education (CAPTE) and  -Pass a state licensure exam  

: All programs 3 years- pass an exam

: Classroom 80% , internship period 20%

-PT education

: Length of Program

-Typically 3 years following 3-4 years of undergraduate  study or degree

: Time in Classroom and Lab

-Approximately 80% of the program

: Time in clinical education

-Approximately 20% of the program

: Final Clinical Experience  

-27.5 weeks on average

-Primary content areas in PT curriculum

: biology/anatomy

: cellular histology

: physiology

: exercise physiology

: biomechanics

: kinesiology

: neuroscience

: pharmacology

: pathology

: behavioral sciences

: communication

: ethics/values

: management sciences

: finance

: sociology

: clinical reasoning

: evidence‐based practice

: cardiovascular and pulmonary

: endocrine and metabolic

: musculoskeletal

-Brenau- Gainesville

: New  

: Try and get in clinic faster- experiential learning

: Cadevour  

: Teaching philosophy-we believe in integrated, experiential  learning environment

: Early immersion in the clinic

-Course Pre-reqs

: Chemistry I and II with labs

: Physics I and II with labs

: Psychology‐‐General Psychology and one additional psychology course

: Statistics

: Biology‐‐one of the following sequences:

: Two semesters of General Biology with labs AND one semester  of

Human Physiology

: One semester of General Biology with lab AND two semesters of Human

Anatomy & Physiology with labs

: One semester of General Biology with lab AND one semester of  Anatomy

with lab AND one semester of Human Physiology with lab. -Must have a bachelors degree

-Minimum GPA

: DPT programs often have minimum GPA requirements. : Applicants who only meet the minimum GPA may not be  competitive.

­ Average GPA for Accepted PTCAS Applicants in 2013

: Average GPAs of accepted applicants are often much higher. : Overall Undergraduate GPA = 3.54

: Combined Science and Math GPA = 3.40

: Core PT Prerequisite GPA = 3.50

-PT observation experience

: PT observation requirements vary by program.

: Most require 50+ hours (range from 0 to 200).

: More than one setting may be required.

: Determine if hours must be verified by a licensed physical  therapist.

: Keep track of hours and contact information for the physical  therapist.

: Begin search for PT experiences 1 to 3 years before you apply. : Explore opportunities at clinics, hospitals, nursing homes, and  other settings.

: APTA cannot assist you in your search efforts.

- Graduate Record examination  

: Most PT programs require applicants to take the GRE ®. : Programs may set minimum scores and last acceptable test  dates.

: Use the correct GRE ® code for EVERY PT program you select. : PTCAS GRE code for DPT program may differ from university  code.


: Also known as letters of recommendation and evaluations. : Reference requirements vary by institution.

: Most programs require 2‐3 references.

: References are often required from a

: Physical therapist

: Professor in major or a science professor

- Pitfalls to avoid

:  Errors of any kind on your application

: Typos or grammatical mistakes in your application

: Late applications or materials

: Unprofessional behavior in pre‐PT observation experiences : Unprofessional dress or behavior during interview

: Applying without researching program’s admission requirements : Applying without most course prerequisites completed : Failing to check email regularly during admissions process

-Is a physical therapy career right for you?

: Are you interested in how the human body works and moves? : Do you want to interact directly with patients?

: Are you interested in a hands‐on career?

: Are you an effective communicator?

: Do you have good interpersonal skills?

: Can you motivate people?

: Do you excel in science?

Guest Lecture 

 Occupational Therapy 

Speaker: Kay Graham- Brenau University  

-Breanau University

: Nancy Fowler

-Occupational Therapy vs. Physical Therapy

-Occupational Therapy

: See the same kinds of patients

: See patients in same kinds of settings  

 : Difference- is the goals and focus

 : Occupation- things that are important to you  

: EX. Work a lot with ADL (Activities of Daily Living)  

-Stroke- cant  

-OT: What can you do, what can we adjust, equipment -PT: Strength, function  

: Stronger Psych focus  

: Tailored to that person  

: Work on what the person thinks is important

: Highly paid and in demand  

: What we do has meaning to us

-Physical Therapy

: Focus is on physical aspects= strength, range, of motion : Psych- as in motivation x

-Pre-Reqs for OT Program

: Intro to psych

: Human growth and development

: Research methods

: Abnormal Psych

: Intro to sociology or Anthropology

: Intro to statistics

: Anatomy and Physiology 1 or 2

: HS 200-Medical Terminology- 1 to 3 credits


: Activities…of everyday life, named, organized, and given value

and meaning by individuals and a culture. Occupation is  everything that people do to occupy themselves, including  looking after themselves…enjoying life…and contributing to the  social and economic fabric of their communities…(Law, Palajko,  Baptiste, & Townsend, 1997)  

: Doing culturally meaningful work, play or daily living tasks in  the stream of time and in the contexts of one’s physical and  social world. Kielhofner, 1995

: The everday activities that people want and need to do Baum  and Law 1999

-Occupational Therapy  

: Vin Diagram with Person, Occupation, Environment - Occupation performance in the middle

: Harness the power of occupation

: Uses meaningful, purposeful occupational performance : Attends to context of occupational performance  

: Specifically designed to meet a therapeutic goal

-Where we work

: Medical settings


-Outpatient clinics

-Nursing homes

-Doctor’s offices

 : Educational settings  

-Public schools

-Schools for children with special needs

 : Community  

-Community mental health

-Pediatric early intervention

-Work injury prevention  

-Occupational Therapy outcomes

: Work and productive activity  

: Self care and daily living skills

: Play and leisure

: Social participation

-Educational Routes

: Technical level- COTA

- Community college,

-Tech school 2 years

: Professional level OTR

-Entry level options

: Combined BS/MS (entry-level masters)

: MOT (entry-level masters)

: MSOT (entry-level masters)

: OTD clinical doctorate (entry-level doctorate)

: Advanced degrees

-MS and OTD in Occupational Therapy

-PhD in Occupational Therapy and in occupational science  or related fields  

-Credentialing requirements-OTR

: Graduation from an ACOTE accredited program

(Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy


: Completion of 6 months full‐time fieldwork

: Successful completion of NBCOT certification

examination (National Board for Certification of

Occupational Therapy)

: Obtain state license

-Job Outlook  

-Top careers according “lists”

: 13th best job in 2015

: Ranked by salary, employment rate, satisfaction

-Growing demand

: 29% increase in number of jobs between 2012-2022 -Aging population, expanding chronic disease

-Job Security  

 : Unemployment rate 0.6 %


: 2013 median salary (76,940)

: Range depends on where you are and what you do

The Concussion Crisis 

Dr. Julianna D. Schmidt

University of Georgia  

-Would you let your child play football?  

-Is football at a crossroad?

: Has survived this before

: Has to evolve and adapt – (helmets etc)

-Borader perspective

: Should kids be playing contact or collision sports ?

: Why- Weigh physical activity and injury risk  

-If get rid of it some people will be sedentary because they  like the physicality of those sports  

-Is Participation in Football Down?

: Numbers of participation is going down

: Does have to do something to address the risk in the sport  

-What are the pros to participating in sport?

: Getting involved in community

: Social-friends

: Work as a team

: Learn how to deal with authority- coach

: Learning to be dedicated and scheduled  

: Learn how to adapt

-How serous are Concussions?  

: People tend to recover it 7-10 days

: Makes people think it’s not that serious because something like  ACL takes 6 months

: Where the seriousness comes is later in life – all of these  increase with the number you have had  

: Trend of earlier onset of Alzheimer’s  

: CTE- (Aren’t great controls –bc normally people that  donate are people with problems)  

: Self- reported memory loss  

-Should we have hit counts?

: Pitch count in baseball- reduced shoulder injuries  

: But it’s not all about the frequency- could just be one really  hard hit

-Can we improve or introduce new equipment  

: No piece of equipment that will keep the brain from moving in  the skull  

: Think of the egg in the shell example

-Risk Compensation

: Players have a desired level of risk that they are willing to  accept while playing a sport


- Motivation



-Can we change coaching technique and player behavior  : If teach good technique can reduce injury  

 : Should be teaching this at an early age  

-Head Impact biomechanics

: Can monitor and build profiles that can show patterns in a  where a player gets hit

-Can intervene accordingly

-Can we change the rules?

-Targeting rule

-Kick off rule- move teams inwards so don’t have as much  momentum before the collision  

-Has lowered concussion  

-Also changed the game- more touch backs  

-Once we change a rule in sport, part of the game is also  gonna change

-Takes a few years to people to get used to it

-Can we add legislation  

: Ex. Highschool teams 4 or 5 star helmets

-How do we monitor that?


- What if the team isn’t in compliance?  

: Concussion education

: Should educate athletes about the risk of the sport that  they are involved in

: What that looks like from school to school is completely  different  

-Coach say “football is dangerous” where as another  

school might hold a long education speech

-Can we add medical personnel?


-4 athletic trainers

- 2 MD’s etc

: HIghschool


-Need better medical personnel

-While the concussion and injury rates are higher- less  medical attention

-A lot of kids wouldn’t tell the coach- and no medical  personnel to tell- continue to play- could die or alter their  life forever  

-Cam we dispel myths

: You do not have to lose consciousness  

: Terms bell ringer and ding are not acceptable (downplays  seriousness)

: Retiring after 3 concussions  

-Person and profession dependent

: Link between concussion, non-concussive, head impacts and  chronic traumatic encephalopathy is clear

: Football is not the only sport with a concussion crisis  -Women’s soccer


: Only 48% intend to reduce driving

: Less than half report their concussion  

-So… What’s the answer?

- Should you let your kid play?  

- Up to you

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