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final study guide

by: Joerdan Notetaker

final study guide POLI 1090 - 001

Joerdan Notetaker
American Government in Multicultural World
William W Franko

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American Government in Multicultural World
William W Franko
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Joerdan Notetaker on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to POLI 1090 - 001 at Auburn University taught by William W Franko in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 129 views. For similar materials see American Government in Multicultural World in Political Science at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 12/08/15
Dr Franko POL11090001 Exam Three Study Guide Final Exam when going through study guide make sure you understand why certain acts situations or cases were important and what impact they had read the chapters for a better understanding Chapter Twelve Congress The House and the Senate are bicameral Constituency residents in the area from which member is elected Having a Smaller Senate 0 Encourages deliberation and debate discourages specialization on particular issues and less power is concentrated in leadership hands Having a Larger House 0 Has more organization because more members gives leadership more legislative control and has specialization because of the more numbers of members Sociological Representation 0 Two individuals with similar backgrounds can represent each others views Agency Representation o Held accountable by constituents if they fail to represent properly 0 Agentclient relationship 0 Constituents can in uence legislative votes through agent client representation Delegate pleases constituents Trustee in place because constituents don t always know what s best A mix of the two are in congress The factors related to the electoral system 0 Who runs for office I Candidates have to selfselect to run I Some are encouraged by parties more than others I Strong qualities include good name recognition success in prior elected offices ability to raise funds willingness to campaign and ability to reach voters o Incumbency holding the political office for which one is running gives advantage I Constituency services I Franking privilege postage paid for by the gov I Name recognition and title I Porkbarrel I This advantage preserves the status quo o Apportionment amp redistricting I Apportionment process that allocates congressional seats among fifty states according to population changes I Redistriciting I Gerrymandering Direct Patronage service for constituents 0 Pork barrel appropriation that specifies a project to be funded within the district 0 Earmarks legislation that provide special benefits to constituents o Intervention with federal administrative agencies 0 Private bills Organization 0 Political parties 0 Committee system 0 Congressional staff 0 Caucuses Caucus Democrat Conference Republican 0 Parliamentary rules Party Leadership for the House 0 Speaker of the House is elected o In uences legislative agenda fate of legislation and members postion within the House 0 Majority party elects majority leader minority party elects minority leader 0 Both parties elect whips Party Leadership for the Senate 0 Majority and minority leader 0 Party leaders may control or try to set the legislative agenda Standing committees permanent Select committees temporary are set up to highlight investigate or address a particular issue not within jurisdiction of existing committees Ioint committees formed by members of House and Senate that are concerned with economics taxation library amp printing Conference committees temporary joint committees created to compromise on House amp Senate versions of legislation 0 Committee hierarchy is usually based on seniority 0 Now position is based on party loyalty amp fundraising ability 0 Increase in subcommittees I Intended to reduce power of committee chairs I Ended up making it more difficult to reach legislative agreement I Sharp partisans divisions made it hard to deliberate I Became more common for partydriven legislation to go directly to oor to vote Staff system 0 Personal staff constituency requests draft proposals organize hearings communicate with administrative agencies negotiate w lobbyists 0 Committee staff research scheduling organize hearings drafting legislation staff agencies independent help congress oversee executive branch I Caucuses association of congress members based on party interest social group I Review how a bill becomes a law 0 Most bills die in committeequot about 95 o Cloture rule allowing members to set a limit on the debate over a given bill o Filibuster to prevent action on legislation 0 President can sign veto or pocket veto a bill I Party Discipline 0 Can take the following forms I Party unity vote all members vote same way I Leadership PACs independent fundraising committees enhance party power I Committee assignments leaders create debt for members to repay I Access to oor controlled by party leaders I Whip system take polls to learn voting intentions I Logrolling agreements made between legislators in voting for or against a bill I The presidency one of the most important in uences Ch 13 The Presidency Constitutionalfoundations 0 Article 2 executive branch 0 Section 1 determines choosing of president 0 Electoral college Expressed powers military judicial diplomatic all laws faithfully executed 0 Military Commander in Chief congress declares war 0 War Powers Resolution 1973 Delegated powers constitutional powers assigned to one gov agency but exercised another agency w the express permission of the first 0 Ex IRS and OSHA Institutional Presidency Cabinet 0 Secretaries of major departments of federal government make up Cabinet appointed by the president with consent of senate 0 Cabinet secretaries hold positions for 23 years White House Staff analysts and advisers to the president Kitchen Cabinetquot Executive Office of Presidency EOP permanent agencies that performed defined management tasks for president Policy many bills enacted by Congress are crafted by president amp his staff 0 Congress expects president to propose budget Modern Presidential Power 0 Party strengthen national partisan institutions to exert in uence in the legislative process 0 Going Public president can use popular appeals to create a mass base of support I Limits support can be fickle hard to keep good on promises made 0 Administration president seek to bolster their control of established executive agencies I EOP larger capacity to gather info plan programs amp strategies communicate w constituencies I Regulatory review president issue directives to administrative agencies after congress passes a law I Executive orders can be used to shape foreign amp domestic policy I Signing statements announcements made when signing bill into law allows for presidents interpretation of law Ch 15 Federal Courts Authority over citizens and government Everyone should be treated the same rule of law Criminal o Defines crimes amp determines punishments for criminal act 0 Gov is always plaintiff Civil Law disputes among individual groups corporations and other private entities and the gov 0 Can t go to jail Cases amp Law 0 Courts apply statues and precedent 0 Both civil and criminal cases typically settled before trial How Federal Court Hears a Case 0 Involves federal law Treaties The Constitution The federal gov is a party State v state 0 Civil suit between citizens of different states Iurisdiction original 0 Authority to consider case initially responsible for discovering facts amp creating record on which judgment is based 0 Appellate jurisdiction all federal cases and state courts cases that raise a federal question Federal Trial Courts most original jurisdictions go here 0 94 district courts 0 staffed by judges 0 one judge per case Federal Appellate Courts 0 11 multistate circuits amp DC circuit 0 O O O o multijudge courts 0 decisions are final unless it makes it to Supreme Court Supreme Court highest court 0 Chief Iustice eight associate judges Only federal court established by constitution Iudges appointed by president and confirmed by senate Power judicial review of state actions federal agencies presidential power Rules of Access to Supreme Court 0 Has to be an actual case or controversy 0 Standing needs to have substantial outcome 0 Mootness decision of court is no longer desired Writs most cases reach supreme court by writ of certiorari make more certain Procedures 0 After a case is accepted I Preparation both sides prepare briefs some are amicus curiae briefs I In Session oral arguments I Conference majority opinion sometimes a concurring opinion OOO


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